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Children and Communion

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Communion before confirmation Deal or no deal? Biblical perspectives Biblical perspectives Whoever welcomes one such child in my name welcomes me, and whoever ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Children and Communion


1
(No Transcript)
2
Communion before confirmation
  • Deal or no deal?

3
Biblical perspectives
?
4
Biblical perspectives
  • Whoever welcomes one such child in my name
    welcomes me, and whoever welcomes me welcomes not
    me but the one who sent me.
  • Mark 9.37

5
Biblical perspectives
  • If any of you put a stumbling block before one of
    these little ones who believe in me, it would be
    better if a great millstone were hung around your
    neck and you were thrown into the sea.
  • Mark 9.42

6
Biblical perspectives
  • Let the little children come to me do not stop
    them for it is to such as these that the kingdom
    of God belongs. whoever does not receive the
    kingdom of God as a little child will never enter
    it.
  • Mark 10.14,15

7
Biblical perspectives
  • New Testament
  • Baptism is the sole entry rite into the church.
  • No explicit teaching on children and communion.
  • Jewish tradition Passover.

8
Biblical perspectives
  • Do this in remembrance of me
  • Luke 22.19
  • Day by day they broke bread at homeand ate with
    glad and generous hearts
  • Acts 2.46
  • For I received from the Lordyou proclaim the
    Lords death until he comes
  • 1 Corinthians 11.23-26

9
Biblical perspectives
  • Whoever, therefore, eats the bread or drinks the
    cup in an unworthy manner..
  • 1 Corinthians 11.27

10
History
?
11
History
  • 3rd Century
  • Cyprian describes infants receiving bread and
    wine from birth.
  • Anointing and laying on of hands added to
    baptism. Children shared in all of this
    including communion

12
History
  • 4th 5th Centuries
  • Augustine of Hippo and original sin John 6.53
  • Growing size of Dioceses
  • Baptisms performed by local priests
  • Laying on of hands delayed until the bishops
    visit
  • Admission to communion associated with baptism

13
History
  • Eastern practice
  • Priest performed full baptismal rite, including
    infant Communion (oils blessed by Bishop)
  • Western practice
  • Baptism was performed locally but anointing and
    imposition of hands was delayed until a visit
    from the Bishop

14
History
  • The Middle Ages
  • Baptism Communion - Confirmation
  • Growing theology of the real presence
  • Laity denied the wine
  • Children sometimes denied both bread and wine

15
History
  • 13th Century
  • recommended age for Confirmation varied from 1
    7 years
  • 1281
  • regulation that those not confirmed should be
    barred from Holy Communion
  • 16th Century
  • communicating unconfirmed adults and children was
    finally abolished (Council of Trent)

16
History
  • The Reformation
  • Catholic View
  • Emphasis on what God does imparting the Holy
    Spirit
  • Protestant View
  • Emphasis on a persons response individual
    response of faith

Cranmers 1549 Prayer Book emphasised the
Catechism as the pre-requisite to
Communion there shall none be admitted to Holy
Communion until such time as he can say the
catechism and be confirmed
17
History
  • The Reformation
  • Catholic View
  • Emphasis on what God does imparting the Holy
    Spirit
  • Protestant View
  • Emphasis on a persons response individual
    response of faith

1662 Prayer Book compromise there shall none be
admitted to the Holy Communion until such time as
he be confirmed' or ready and desirous to be
confirmed
18
History
  • 19th Century
  • The rise of the railways! Bishops no longer had
    to rely on horse power to get around
  • Confirmation became seen as the completion of
    baptism and therefore the gateway to Communion

19
Just last century
?
20
Just last century
  • The growth of the Parish Eucharist Movement meant
    children were visible in church and present at
    the Communion service

21
Just last century
  • 1954
  • Baptism and Confirmation Today
  • 1971
  • Christian Initiation Birth and Growth in the
    Christian Society (the Ely Report)
  • 1974
  • Manchester, Peterborough Southwark
    experimental
  • 1985
  • Children and Communion (the Knaresborough Report)

22
Just last century
  • 1988
  • Children in the Way
  • 1991
  • All Gods Children?
  • 1993
  • Communion before Confirmation Culham Institute

23
Just last century
  • 1994
  • On the Way Towards an integrated approach to
    Christian Initiation
  • 1996
  • July House of Bishops Guidelines, November
    Guidelines accepted by General Synod
  • 1997
  • House of Bishops Guidelines are published

24
Into the third millennium
?
25
Into the third millennium
  • 2005
  • Synod received a report on the current state of
    play in England
  • Most Dioceses permit parishes to admit children
    to Communion before Confirmation
  • 2006 June 15th
  • The Guidelines become Regulations under paragraph
    1(c) of Canon B15A
  • 2009
  • About 10 of parishes now admit children to
    communion before confirmation

26
Baptismal theology
?
27
Baptismal theology
  • A sign and seal of new birth
  • Adding to those whom the Lord calls
  • The start of a life-long journey of faith
  • Calling out of darkness

28
Baptismal theology
  • Dying to sin and rising to new life
  • Claimed by Christ
  • Cleansed from sin

29
Baptismal theology
  • Received into the Church
  • Touched with Gods love
  • Welcomed into the fellowship of faith
  • Images found in the Common Worship Baptism service

30
Eucharistic theology
?
31
Eucharistic theology
  • Sacrifice
  • Forgiveness
  • Trusting in your manifold and great mercies

32
Eucharistic theology
  • Covenant of grace
  • We are not worthy
  • Telling the story hearing our part in it
  • Sending out into the world
  • Images found in the Common Worship Holy Communion
    service

33
Theological issues
?
34
Theological issues
  • The priority of grace
  • Baptism as the complete sacramental initiation
    into Christ
  • Children as part of the covenant people of God
  • Understanding or faith?
  • Gift or reward?

35
Liturgical issues
?
36
Liturgical issues
  • Communion before confirmation means children
    attending communion
  • The need to make sense of their place in the
    service as a whole
  • Eucharistic prayers for use with children present
  • Continued teaching about the Eucharist

37
Pastoral issues
?
38
Pastoral issues
  • Parental support
  • Sunday group involvement
  • Teaching on the meaning of communion
  • Regular parochial opportunities for the renewal
    of baptismal vows
  • Engagement with local church schools

39
Pastoral issues
  • Making room for differing views
  • Developing an overall culture which enables
    children to be worshippers
  • Children who want to emulate their peers
  • Inter-parochial mobility
  • A minimum age?
  • The place of confirmation

40
Childrens voices
?
41
Childrens voices
  • Why does the vicar say we are one body because
    we share one bread, when I dont get any?

42
Childrens voices
  • There are lots of things I dont understand yet.
    But my family still feed me.

43
Childrens voices
  • Why do you think Jesus wants us to share bread
    and wine?
  • So that he can be really near us.

44
Childrens voices
  • I like carrying the bread or wine up to the
    front. Its like youre helping Jesus get things
    ready for the supper.

45
Childrens voices
  • What do you think about when you have the bread
    and wine?
  • Being at the Last Supper with Jesus and His
    friends. Its like being one of them.

46
?
?
47
?
  • Further reflection
  • Help from the Diocesan Officers
  • Consultation with the church
  • PCC
  • Parents
  • Children
  • Consultation with local school

48
Communion before confirmation
  • Deal or no deal?

Mary Hawes, 2007
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