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Rural Security Planning:


... Who has electronic security? Who has physical barriers? Who hires guards? On average, how much of your income is spent on security? Is that too much or not enough? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Rural Security Planning:

  • Rural Security Planning
  • Protecting Family, Friends and Farm

  • What would happen if
  • Your barn caught fire?
  • Someone was stealing your ammonia?
  • Your grain became contaminated?
  • Your livestock operation was put under quarantine?

  • Dont know the answers?
  • In this presentation you'll learn
  • How to help emergency responders react to a
    disaster in progress
  • How to secure your farm and family
  • against those wishing to do harm

  • Relatively simple changes or updates on your part
    can make the difference between
  • Life and death
  • Protection and destruction of property
  • Chemical containment and contamination

Cover the Basics
  • Crime and Pollution insurance coverage
  • County emergency address
  • Emergency information mailbox
  • Pesticides in one location
  • Emergency responder's tour

Cover the basics Crime and Pollution Insurance
  • Your insurance policy may not cover
  • Injuries of trespassers on your property
  • Farm chemical spills
  • Destruction due to methamphetamine production
  • Vandalism to your property

Cover the basics Crime and Pollution Insurance
  • How to handle it
  • Review your coverage with your insurance agent
  • Discuss specific exclusions and amendments
  • Cover livestock or high-value crops beyond their
    market value
  • Ask if installing security measures would lower
    your premium

Cover the basics County Emergency Address
  • 911 emergency addresses are critical for
    emergency responders
  • To locate emergency sites as quickly as possible
  • Your address should be
  • In 3 inch reflective numerals
  • On BOTH sides of your mailbox

Cover the Basics Emergency Information Mailbox
  • A well-hidden mailbox can provide emergency
    information to first responders. It should
  • Detailed map of the farm
  • A list of emergency contact persons and their
    phone numbers
  • Locations of hazardous chemicals
  • A list of major contents of each building

Cover the basics Pesticides in one Location
  • Store all chemicals in one building
  • Always return leftover pesticides to the same
  • Secure against theft
  • Fire resistant location
  • Mark the building location clearly on a farm map

Cover the basics Emergency Responder Tour
  • Invite local emergency responders to your farm
    and show them
  • Water mains
  • Electricity control boxes
  • Fuel and chemical supplies
  • Your emergency mailbox
  • Livestock
  • Other important areas or concerns

Cover the Basics Emergency Documentation
  • The farm map What you will see
  • Developing your map
  • Buildings and contents Where things are stored
  • Contact numbers Whom to call

Cover the Basics Emergency Documentation
  • The Farm Map What You Will See
  • Draw a map and identify vulnerable areas
  • Where hazardous chemicals are kept
  • I.e.... Pesticides, used oil, fuel
  • Creeks, wetlands
  • Dont make the map too complicated
  • Look at your property and ask, What would
    someone want to steal, damage, or contaminate?

Buildings and Contents
  • Number each of your farm buildings
  • Cross-reference them to the drawings on your farm
  • Describe contents
  • Is something valuable inside that would be
    important to save?
  • Types of equipment inside
  • Location of fuel tanks
  • Chemical storage areas

Contact Numbers
  • Provide a prioritized list of names and numbers
  • First contact should be someone familiar with the
  • Someone who could make critical decisions in an
  • Someone who can spend money or take action

Security Threats to Farms
  • Preplanning for an emergency is one half of
    protecting your farm.
  • Now consider what you have to do to secure your
    farm against those who wish to purposefully harm
    your property

Security Threats to Farms
  • The mischief maker
  • The trespasser
  • The thief
  • The narcotics entrepreneur
  • The disgruntled employee
  • The computer hacker
  • The homegrown extremist
  • The terrorist

Security Threats to Farms
  • The mischief maker
  • Many farmers have had crops, animals, or other
    property damaged for no good reason.
  • To avoid this
  • Limit access
  • Put up No Trespassing signs
  • Strategic lighting

Security Threats to Farms
  • The trespasser
  • Jogger
  • Mushroom hunter
  • Snowmobiler
  • Not permitted hunter
  • How to avoid them
  • Put up no trespassing signs
  • Develop a good relationship with neighbors

Security Threats to Farms
  • The Thief
  • The most common crime on farms
  • anything not nailed down is a target
  • Tools
  • Fertilizers
  • Pesticides
  • How to stop them
  • Keep tabs on your inventory
  • Use up-to-date security measures

Security Threats to Farms
  • The Narcotics Entrepreneur
  • Anhydrous ammonia makes methamphetamines
  • Monetary loss less of a concern than
  • damaged tanks
  • ammonia release
  • Consult ammonia supplier and plan
  • Watch for drug litter

Security Threats to Farms
  • The Disgruntled Employee
  • Ask insurance agent about employee dishonesty
  • Consider changing locks
  • Establish inspection times for farm areas
  • If an employee complains
  • If cant change situation, just listening may

Security Threats to Farms
  • The Computer Hacker
  • Can destroy years worth of data
  • Crop records
  • Financial records
  • How to avoid them
  • Make a hard copy of your computerized work
  • Store it in a safe location away from the farm
  • Update virus patterns weekly
  • Do not connect the computer that you store
    personal and farm records to the internet

Security Threats to Farms
  • The Homegrown Extremist
  • release of animals from captivity
  • destroy genetically modified plants
  • How to avoid them
  • better security
  • place your vulnerable property in secure areas
  • check your insurance coverage

Security Threats to Farms
  • The Terrorist
  • Has political/idealistic goals
  • May not be deterred by risk of punishment
  • May damage agricultural production and processing
  • How to avoid them
  • Report outbreaks of diseases
  • Be vigilant

  • Security planning in a nutshell
  • Prioritize assets and security
  • Who are the bad guys?
  • View from adversarys perspective
  • Security strategies and measures
  • Relative cost of security measures

Prioritize Assets and Security
  • Consider the Three Ls
  • Lock
  • Light
  • Limit access
  • Protect most important assets first
  • Give them best security

Who are Bad Guys?
  • Could be former or angry employees
  • Extremists or terrorists
  • Anyone who you think may purposely want to harm
    your operation

View from Adversary's Perspective
  • Ask yourself
  • What would be the easiest way to
  • Steal
  • Damage
  • Destroy assets or property?
  • Identify possible targets

Security Strategies and Measures
  • Deterrence
  • Lighting
  • Dogs
  • Detection
  • Electronic sensors
  • Nosy neighbors
  • Delay
  • Gates/fences
  • Locks

Cost of Emergency Measures
  • Operational security is FREE!
  • Educate employees/family
  • Be aware of surroundings
  • Alert them to valuables someone may want to
  • Make security everyones job
  • Randomly scout farm premises

Cost of Emergency Measures
  • Electronic security systems
  • Expensive, but worth it (when protecting valuable
  • Physical barriers
  • Gates and locks are less expensive, and worth it
    but effective
  • Guards
  • Most expensive
  • Hire on short-term basis to save

  • Farm Security Where to Begin
  • Physical Protection planning
  • Protecting Information
  • Physical Protection procedures
  • Physical Security measures
  • Electronic Security
  • Chemical Protection
  • Biosecurity

Physical protection planning
  • Arrange to have a security survey conducted
  • Use disaster information websites
  • USDA
  • EDEN
  • Know your insurance coverage
  • Develop contingency plans

Protecting Information
  • Call law enforcement if you see suspicious
  • Start a neighborhood watch
  • Have neighbors pick up mail when youre away
  • Do not put your name on the mailbox
  • Do not discuss or advertise what you grow/raise

Physical Protection Procedures
  • Inventory critical farm assets
  • Participate in security training exercises
  • Always ask for identification
  • Protect your PCs

Physical Protection Procedures
  • Deal with employees to ensure security
  • Key and lock procedures
  • Take care of equipment

Physical Security Measures
  • Protect water
  • Install security lighting
  • Maintain a clear zone
  • Prevent vehicle access
  • Pay attention to gates

Electronic Security
  • Door switches
  • Motion sensors
  • Electronic access control
  • Video surveillance
  • Backup telephones

Chemical Protection
  • Ammonia protection
  • Disable equipment
  • Secure tanks
  • Authorize specific employees to handle chemicals

  • Follow proper biosecurity measures to prevent
    disease transmission.
  • Control traffic on and around the farm
  • Isolate new animals from other animals for at
    least 2 weeks
  • Keep it clean!
  • Clean and disinfect all equipment between uses
  • Control rodents and insects

Reporting Security Events to Authorities
  • Employees
  • Report suspicious activities to you
  • Keep a visitor log
  • If you find evidence of a crime, dont disturb
  • Do not try to stop a crime in progress
  • Call insurance agent
  • Call attorney if necessary

Reporting Security Events to Authorities
  • Use 5 Ws H
  • Who
  • What
  • When
  • Where
  • Why
  • How

The Security Conflict
  • Who to tell what?
  • Your main concern is to prevent compromise of
    your physical protection system while not
    impeding fire fighters and responders
  • Don't discuss your security information with
    people who don't need to know.
  • Install a "Knox Box"

In Conclusion
  • The more information and preparation before an
    emergency (or security breach), the better!

Purdue University is an equal opportunity/equal
access institution
  • Rural Security Planning Protecting Family,
    Friends, and Farm
  • Other Purdue Pesticide Programs Publications can
    be accessed at
  • http//
  • PPP/PPP-64.pdf