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Egyptian Achievements

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Believed the gods wanted him to control Egypt. By 716 BC conquered ... Tried to restore old Egyptian culture and practices. Built temples to gods, and pyramids ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Egyptian Achievements


1
Egyptian Achievements
  • Hieroglyphics
  • One of the worlds 1st writing systems
  • Pictures represented words and phrases
  • Used more than 600 symbols
  • Benefits?
  • Papyrus
  • Made from reeds found along the Nile

2
Akhenaton
  • Amenhotep IV
  • Amon-Re to Aton
  • First Monotheistic Society
  • Armarna period (Art)
  • Realistic forms of art
  • Family portrayed in the art
  • Wife Nefertiti
  • Divided Egypt
  • King Tuts Dad

3
King Tut
  • Pharaoh _at_ age 9
  • Died when 19
  • Restored the religion to Amon-Re
  • Dismantled Aton (fathers religion)
  • Famous because tomb was left intact
  • Found Nov 4, 1922
  • Curse??

4
Ancient Kush
  • A.k.A Nubia
  • Land of Gold
  • Land of the Bow (expert archers)
  • Gold mines, ivory, incense, iron ore, copper,
    stone
  • Close proximity to Egypt allowed for assimilation
    of the two cultures
  • Was NOT dependent on the yearly floods like Egypt

5
Ancient Kush
  • Similar lifestyle to the Egyptians
  • Many farmers
  • Grew wheat, barley also were able to grow winter
    crops
  • Became a wealthy society
  • King took control of land, named it Kush
  • Capital KERMA located south of 3rd cataract

6
Egypt conquers Kush
  • Pharaoh Thutmose I feared Kushs powerful army
  • Attacked in 1500 B.C. to take control
  • Conquered all territory north of the 5th cataract
  • Egyptian territory for 450 years
  • Total immersion of culture happened with
    occupation (language, clothing, names, religion,
    etc.)

7
Kush fights back
  • End of New Kingdom allowed Kush to fight back
  • Regained control of territory from Egyptians
  • No records exist from this time period for
    unknown reasons

8
Conquest of Egypt
  • Around 850 BC regained strength
  • Rebuilt capital at Napata, 100 miles southeast of
    Kerma
  • Mid 700s BC Kush attacked Egypt
  • Led by Kashta
  • By 751 BC conquered Upper Egypt

9
Conquest of Egypt
  • Piankhi, Kashtas son, continued to attack Egypt
  • Believed the gods wanted him to control Egypt
  • By 716 BC conquered ALL of Egypt
  • Kingdom extended from Napata to Nile Delta

10
Kushite Dynasty
  • Shabaka, Piankhis brother, declares himself
    Pharaoh
  • Begins 25th Dynasty
  • Tried to restore old Egyptian culture and
    practices
  • Built temples to gods, and pyramids

11
End of Kushite Rule
  • Kushite Dynasty lasted for 40 years
  • 670 BC, Assyrians invade Egypt
  • Iron weapons defeated the bronze weapons
  • In 10 years, Assyrians drove Kushites out of Egypt

12
Center of Trade
  • Economic center was Meroe, capital of Kush
  • Large deposits of gold, iron ore and forests of
    ebony
  • Greek merchants, Mediterranean, Red Sea, and
    southern Africa
  • Exports gold, pottery, iron tools, slaves,
    ivory, leopard skins, ostrich feathers
  • Imports fine jewelry, luxury items from Egypt,
    Asia, and Mediterranean area

13
Decline of Kush
  • Internal disorder like Egypt
  • Cattle were overgrazed soil blew away
  • Iron makers overused the forests around Meroe
  • New trade routes developed AROUND Kush
  • Late 300s rulers of Aksum took over Kush
  • Adoption of Christianity
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