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Global Health So near, So far

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2011 the year of Global Health Global Health So near, So far World Health Organization Collaborating Centre, University of Pittsburgh * Send this lecture to a friend ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Global Health So near, So far


1
Global Health So near, So far
2011 the year of Global Health
World Health Organization Collaborating Centre,
University of Pittsburgh
2
Health and Global Health, WHO
  • Health is not only the absence of infirmity and
    disease but also a state of physical, mental and
    social well-being.

3
GloCal Health (Global to Local)
Your Patient and Where you live
4
Global health is an important new concept. The
Institute of Medicine refers to global health as
"health problems, issues and concerns that
transcend national boundaries, may be influenced
by circumstances or experiences in other
countries, and are best addressed by cooperative
actions and solutions."
5
The Supercourse Internet bringing us closer
together through learning about global health
www.pitt.edu/super1
  • THE SUPERCOURSE is a global library of lectures
    on prevention and public health, shared for free
    by the best faculty in the world.

6
What is WHO?
  • WHO is the directing and coordinating authority
    for health within the United Nations system. It
    is responsible for providing leadership on global
    health matters, shaping the health research
    agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating
    evidence-based policy options, providing
    technical support to countries and monitoring and
    assessing health trends.

7
Who are the developers of this lecture?
  • Global Health Network Supercourse Project
  • Library of Alexandria, Egypt
  • WHO Collaborating Centre, University of
    Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health

8
Global Health Global Health Network Supercourse
Project, University of Pittsburgh
  • Building a Global Prevention Network to Share
    Knowledge and Wisdom

9
Mission of this lecture
  • Teach every medical, public health and nursing
    student in the world about global health
  • Develop a global health network for students to
    tackle local to global health problems.

10
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
  • Everyone has the right to a standard of living
    adequate for the health and well being of himself
    and his family, including food, clothing, housing
    and medical care.
  •   Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948

11
International Health
  • International health refers to the
    interlocking and interrelated health status of
    people throughout the world and to efforts to
    improve the health of all people of every
    country.
  • Last, Foege

12
Public health, medicine, and nursing parts of
the same puzzle
13
Why should students learn about global health
  • As of today, colleges and universities have very
    few lectures on global health in their curricula
  • Health is becoming a global problem, with chronic
    diseases being a number one killer around the
    globe
  • By learning more about global health research,
    students will be better equipped to face the
    challenges of their unique profession
  • Global Health is important for all students,
    those in health, engineering, chemistry, etc.

14
What should students know about global health
  • Know the differences between global and
    international health research
  • Identify key challenges to global health
  • Recognize the importance of information sharing
    in the area of global health
  • Recognize the importance of preventive activities
    in improving global health
  • Recognize the need for global networking to
    improve global health locally and globally

15
Local health International health
Global health
16
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17
Smallpox vaccination the case of global health
effort in disease eradication
18
Most important problems of global health today
  • Communicable, maternal, perinatal and nutritional
    conditions
  • Noncommunicable diseases
  • Injuries

19
  • There are many challenges to global health with
    different professionals emphasizing different
    diseases.
  • Interdisciplinary approaches are needed to ease
    the burden of both communicable and
    non-communicable diseases

20
(No Transcript)
21
10 leading causes of death around the world (WHO)
Cause of death Death in Millions Percent of Death
Coronary heart disease 7.20 12.2
Stroke and other cerebrovascular diseases 5.71 9.7
Lower respiratory infections 4.18 7.1
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 3.02 5.1
Diarrheal diseases 2.16 3.7
HIV/AIDS 2.04 3.5
Tuberculosis 1.46 2.5
Trachea, bronchus, lung cancers 1.32 2.3
Road traffic accidents 1.27 2.2
Prematurity and low birth weight 1.18 2.0
22
Digital divide gap between haves and have
nots One of the biggest global health challenges
is access to information
23
Problem Information sharing
  • Important challenge to global health in the 21st
    century.
  • Potential Solution WWW and
  • Mobile Global Health

24
The importance of knowledge, learning,
innovation, and IT
  • The most fundamental resource in modern economy
    is knowledge and, accordingly, the most important
    process is learning
  • Lundvall, Bengt-Åke (1992) National Systems of
    Innovation. Towards a Theory of Innovation and
    Interactive Learning. Pinter, London and New
    York, pp. 342

25
Circle of Learning
26
Global Health Information Sharing Supercourse
CD/DVD
Distributed to over 10,000 individuals around the
globe and to all medical schools through WHO
27
Forming a network
28
Conclusion
  • Global health is important, as similar conditions
    plague people in developed and developing
    countries alike
  • Life expectancy in the 20th century was improved
    due to successes in global health efforts
  • All students need to know more about global
    health research and form networks to share
    important global health knowledge

29
Organizations working in the area of global health
  • World Health Organization, the Pan American
    Health Organization, the World Bank, UNICEF, UN
    High Commissioner for Refugees, the UN
    Foundation, the Bill and Melinda Gates
    Foundation, CARE International, the Global Health
    Council, and many others

30
Jesse
Faina
Soni
Ron
Mita
Ali
Ali Ardalan Iran Sunita
Dodani US/Pakistan Jesse Huang
China Ronald LaPorte
US Mita Lovalekar US/India Faina
Linkov US/Ukraine Eric Marler
US Nicholas Padilla
Mexico Kawkab Shishani
Jordan Francois Sauer US Eugene
Shubnikov Russia
Rania
Nicholas
Francois
Eugene
31
Additional Readings
  • Open Source http//www.pitt.edu/super1/lecture/le
    c6921/index.htm
  • Supercourse and Disaster Management Training
    http//www.pitt.edu/super1/lecture/lec21601/index
    .htm
  • Social Epidemiologic Methods in International
    Population Health and Health Services Research
    http//www.pitt.edu/super1/lecture/lec17561/index
    .htm
  • Principles of Research Synthesis
  • http//www.pitt.edu/super1/lecture/lec9611/index.
    htm

32
How can I join the global prevention network?
  • Join the Supercourse email distribution list by
    emailing super1_at_pitt.edu
  • Present at least 1 slide on prevention to your
    students

33
  • How do you join this global effort?
  • Visit www.pitt.edu/super1/
  • Send this lecture to as many people you know
  • Teach at least 1 slide about global health.
  • Contact us at super1_at_pitt.edu for other
    opportunities.

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