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Marc Hauser- Moral Minds

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Marc Hauser- Moral Minds Universal moral grammar, instinctive, unconscious tool kit for constructing moral systems. Moral tests: train; five hikers ahead and one on ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Marc Hauser- Moral Minds


1
Marc Hauser- Moral Minds
  • Universal moral grammar, instinctive, unconscious
    tool kit for constructing moral systems.
  • Moral tests train five hikers ahead and one on
    track- kill one to save five harvest organs from
    healthy person to save 5.- Agreement on one as
    right other not.

2
Darwins Cathedral
  • Religion seen as a complex organism with
    biological functions- powerful force to motivate
    adaptive behaviors.
  • I think group selection can explain much about
    religion but by no means all. This leads to an
    expanding consciousness of the universe and
    speculation about ones place within it.

3
Why is Religion Natural?
  • Skeptical Inquirer Magazine, March, 2004.- Pascal
    Boyer
  • There is no religious module in the brain rather
    belief in religion activates mental systems
    involved in a variety of non-religious domains.

4
Not Sleep of Reason
  • This says Religion is around because people do
    not think very much or very well.
  • Ordinary thinking and common sense intuitions
    also requires suspension of rules.
  • Religious notions are rooted in the deepest
    principles of cognitive reasoning.

5
Not Sleep of Reason
  • Religious beliefs would not exist if they did not
    confirm many intuitive principles.
  • Religious norms and emotions are related to and
    depend upon other systems- moral and emotional
    fears (e.g. of contamination)

6
Barbara King-Evolving God
  • Religion- a system not of beliefs but of actions
    and worship.
  • Stems from the evolutionary development of a
    sense of group membership and especially for a
    group member that has died.

7
Dalai Lama at MIT
  • Dalai Lama hopes science can prove meditation has
    medical and emotional benefits- offer the world a
    secular method for relieving suffering and
    finding happiness.
  • Buddhism is open to exploration and change.

8
Dalai Lama at MIT
  • FMRi-toreveal differences between negative
    reflexes such as anger and higher ones as well as
    cognitive afflictions like self-centeredness.
  • Monk Richard- left side of brain- off the chart-
    also on happiness.

9
Dalai Lama at MIT
  • How can monks hold images in their heads for
    hours?
  • Can concentration be controlled and attention
    practiced?
  • Adaptability of mind- develop mental functions
    far beyond brains predisposition.
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