Nephi wrote this record thirty years later after they left Jerusalem for the promised land (I Nephi 19:1-5, 2 Nephi 5:22-31). - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Nephi wrote this record thirty years later after they left Jerusalem for the promised land (I Nephi 19:1-5, 2 Nephi 5:22-31).

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Nephi wrote this record thirty years later after they left Jerusalem for the promised land (I Nephi 19:1-5, 2 Nephi 5:22-31). First Nephi is the doctrinal foundation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Nephi wrote this record thirty years later after they left Jerusalem for the promised land (I Nephi 19:1-5, 2 Nephi 5:22-31).


1
  • Nephi wrote this record thirty years later after
    they left Jerusalem for the promised land (I
    Nephi 191-5, 2 Nephi 522-31).
  • First Nephi is the doctrinal foundation of the
    Book of Mormon.

2
  • The heading to 1 Nephi is a summary of the book
    and is part of the original text.
  • All headings in the Book of Mormon are part of
    the original record given to the Prophet Joseph
    Smith, including the inserts preceding individual
    chapters (for example Mosiah 9 and Alma 21).
  • The brief summaries at the head of each chapter
    are later additions to help the reader better
    understand the chapter.

3
What evidence of Egyptian influence is there in
Ancient America?
  • Two Egyptian statuettes were discovered on the
    Pacific coast of the border of El Salvador and
    Guatemala, three meters below the surface. They
    clearly belong to a class of ancient Egyptian
    funerary statuettes known as ushabti. Both are
    incised with hieroglyphic Egyptian texts (John
    Walsh, ed., Re-exploring the Book of Mormon,
    18-20).
  • I Nephi 12 What is the learning of the Jews and
    the language of the Egyptians?
  • There were three basic writing systems for
    ancient Egyptian

4
  • 1. Hieroglyphs that included nearly four
    hundred picture characters.
  • 2. Hieratic
  • 3. Demotic

5
  • Both the hieratic and demotic writing systems
    were used in Lehis time and can properly be
    termed Reformed Egyptian. (John W. Welch and
    Melvin J. Thorne, Pressing Forward with the Book
    of Mormon, 241).

6
  • 1 Nephi 11
  • Laman and Lemuel are Arabic names.
  • Sam and Nephi are Egyptian names.
  • Jacob and Joseph are Hebrew names.
  • Goodly Parents means rich, education was
    expensive and they could provide it for their
    children.

7
  • I Nephi 12
  • Language of the Egyptians
  • Mosiah 11-4 teaches that the Brass Plates are
    also in the Language of the Egyptians.
  • Reformed Egyptian (Mormon 932)

8
  • 1 Nephi 14
  • Why is the phrase it came to pass repeated so
    often in the Book of Mormon?
  • Instead of punctuation, the original manuscript
    of the Book of Mormon divides up its phrases by
    introducing each by an and, behold, now, or
    It came to pass Simply outrageous --- as
    English literature, but it is standard Egyptian
    practice In Egyptian these expressions were not
    merely adornments, they are a grammatical
    necessity and may not be omitted (Hugh Nibley,
    Collect Works, 7150).

9
  • Reign of Zedekiah
  • Zedekiah was 21 years old when he was made the
    King. He seemed to be well meaning, but was very
    weak. He participated in immorality and
    corruption. It was his first year of his reign
    as King of Judah. Mulek would be his only
    surviving son. The rest would be put to death
    when his kingdom was conquered.
  • Many Prophets
  • Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Nahum, Habakuk, Zephaniah,
    Obadiah, to name a few.
  • They typically worked alone!

10
  • Babylonian world domination took control of the
    kingdom of Judah about 605 B.C. when Jehoiakim
    was King of Judah. Jehoiakim attempted a revolt
    against Babylon. Babylonian forces put Jerusalem
    under siege. Jehoiakim was either killed or
    captured. Zedekiah, the uncle of Jehoiakim, was
    appointed by Babylon to the throne. It was a
    time of great wickedness among the people of
    Judah --- immorality and corruption were rampant.
    This was the setting of Lehis day. Shortly
    after Lehis departure from the area, Zedekiah
    attempted another revolt against Babylon,
    resulting in a much greater destruction of
    Jerusalem in about 587 B.C. Many people were
    killed, and most of the rest of the Jews were
    taken captive into Babylon for the next 70 years.
    This fulfilled Lehis prophecies to Judah that
    if they did not repent they would be destroyed.

11
  • I Nephi 18
  • How is this verse textual evidence of the
    authenticity of the Book of Mormon?
  • In Alma 3622 we read, me thought I saw, even
    as our father Lehi saw, God sitting upon his
    throne, surrounded with numberless concourses of
    angels, in the attitude of singing and praising
    their God. These words are a twenty-one word
    quote from I Nephi 18. The impressive thing
    about these verses is that they are separated by
    hundreds of pages and several weeks of
    translating (CHFT, 58-59).
  • Given the fact that Joseph dictated as he went,
    the records consistency points to an inspired
    source for the translations accuracy. After
    all, can you quote the twenty-one words of Lehi
    (after having read them)without looking? (John
    Welch, ed., Re-exploring the Book of Mormon, 23).

12
  • 1 Nephi 114, 20 Abrahamic
    Covenant
  • I Nephi 117 Journals
  • Those who keep a book of remembrance are more
    likely to keep the Lord in remembrance in their
    daily lives. Journals are a way of counting our
    blessings (Spencer W. Kimball, Ensign, May 1978,
    77).

13
  • I Nephi 120 Tender Mercies of the Lord
  • Elder Bednar testified that the tender mercies
    of the Lord are real and that they do not occur
    randomly or merely by coincidence. Often the
    Lords timing of His tender mercies helps us to
    both discern and acknowledge them.
  • As you and I face challenges and tests in our
    lives, the gift of faith and an appropriate sense
    of personal confidence that reaches beyond our
    own capacity are two examples of the tender
    mercies of the Lord.
  • Repentance and forgiveness of sins and peace of
    conscience are examples of the tender mercies of
    the Lord. And the persistence and the fortitude
    that enable us to press forward with cheerfulness
    through physical limitations and spiritual
    difficulties are examples of the tender mercies
    of the Lord (C.R., Apr. 2005, 105).

14
  • I Nephi 21 Can a dream be considered a vision?
  • An inspired dream is a vision give to a person
    while he sleeps.All inspired dreams are visions
    (Bruce R. McConkie, M.D., 208).
  • I Nephi 27
  • Leviticus 1, The Olah Offering,
  • I Nephi 215 and my Father dwelt in a tent
  • (total consecration).

15
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16
  • The Task of Getting the Plates
  • Lehi asked his sons to get the plates, but did
    not tell them how to do it.
  • God --- gives instruction to the
    Priesthood (prophets, leaders).
  • Prophets --- give instructions to men.
  • Men --- must rely on revelation from God
    to fulfill Gods instructions.

17
  • Getting the plates would be the equivalent of
    stealing the Constitution of the United States.
  • It would have been almost impossible.
  • Why?
  • There was no metal in Jerusalem, and it was
    difficult to get.
  • Metal was mainly used for war and eating
    utensils.

18
  • Lehi the Man
  • Lehi was probably born between 650-640 B.C.
    This estimate is based on the fact that Lehi and
    Sariah had four sons of marriageable age ---
    Laman, Lemuel, Sam, and Nephi --- when the family
    departed from Jerusalem. They also had daughters
    who had apparently already married, but there is
    no mention of daughters leaving Jerusalem with
    the original company (I Nephi 25). Thus we
    estimate that Lehi would have been about forty or
    fifty years old.
  • Lehi was an educated man who was familiar with
    the Egyptian language as well as his own Hebrew
    tongue. He was also a wealthy man.

19
  • I Nephi 37
  • Lehis teachings were reflected in Nephis
    answer.
  • Joseph Smith said, I made this my rule, when
    the Lord commands, do it! (HC 2170).
  • I Nephi 46 This was a trip of faith!

20
  • In 1867, President Brigham Young declared to the
    people of the Church
  • There is no doubt, if a person lives according
    to the revelations given to Gods people, he may
    have the Spirit of the Lord to signify to him His
    will, and to guide and to direct him in the
    discharge of his duties, in his temporal as well
    as is spiritual exercises. I am satisfied,
    however, that in this respect, we live far
    beneath our privileges (JD 12104).

21
  • I Nephi 315
  • As the Lord Liveth
  • Elder Bruce R. McConkie said the Nephi had made
    God his partner. If he failed to get the plates,
    it meant God had failed. And because God does
    not fail, it was incumbent upon Nephi to get the
    plates or lay down his life in the attempt
    (C.R., Apr. 1982, 49-50).

22
  • I Nephi 410
  • The Law of Retaliation (DC 9828-32)
  • The Spirit pointed out that Laban had offended
    the Lord three times, therefore the Lord
    delivered him.
  • Examples
  • 1. Elijah and the wicked priest of Baal (1
    Kings 18).
  • 2. Samuel slaying Agag (1 Samuel 15).

23
  • The Prophet Joseph Smith taught that it is the
    Lord who sets the standard of right and wrong
    God said, Thou shalt not kill at another time
    He said, thou shalt utterly destroy, This is
    the principle on which the government of heaven
    in conducted -- by revelation adapted to the
    circumstances in which the children of the
    kingdom are placed. Whatever God requires is
    right, no matter what it is, although we may not
    see the reason thereof till long after the events
    transpire (Teachings, 256).

24
  • The Justified Slaying of Laban?
  • There were three attempts to acquire the record
    known as the brass plates. The first two being
    peaceful and reasonable.
  • Crime 1 False Accusation
  • It is understandable that Laban might value the
    records and desire to not just give them away,
    but in his anger he violates the law by accusing
    Laman of robbery (an act of violent theft).
    Laman had not robbed or expressed any intention
    to rob, yet Laban sought to falsely enforce the
    law by attempting to murder Laman.
  • The Law of Moses had provisions for false
    accusation, which Laban as a military man should
    have clearly understood (Deut. 1918-19).
  • If you falsely accused someone of a crime, then
    your penalty was to receive the punishment that
    you had intended to bring to the person you had
    falsely accused. Laban had falsely accused Laman
    of being a robber and the penalty for robbery was
    death.

25
  • Crime 2 Robbery
  • Laban covets (10 Commandments) the property of
    Nephi and his brothers and turns from being a
    military leader to the leader of a band of
    robbers by forcibly taking their property and
    then seeking to kill them under false pretenses.
  • Had Laban been taken to court he would most
    likely have been convicted and been put to death
    for robbery.

26
  • Crime 3 Attempted Murder
  • The crime of attempted murder by Laban was
    committed not once, but twice.
  • Conclusion
  • It is important to understand the Laban
    committed three grievous offenses, false
    accusation, robbery and attempted murder and
    received an appropriate punishment for his crimes
    according to the Law of Moses
  • The difficult thing for us to come with terms
    with is the individual who was used to carry out
    the sentence. I sometimes think of Nephi as
    being in a similar situation as young David when
    he justly slew and beheaded Goliath. In both
    cases, Nephi and David were carrying out Gods
    justice and had his authority to do so.

27
  • Thou Shalt Not Kill Unless..
  • Exodus 2112 He that smiteth a man, so
    that he die, shall surely be put to
    death.
  • Exodus 2115 And he that smiteth his
    father, or his mother, shall surely be
    put to death.
  • Exodus 2116 And he that stealeth a man, and
    selleth him, or if he be found in his hand,
    he shall surely be put to death.

28
  • Exodus 2117 And he that curseth his Father,
    or his mother, shall surely be put to
    death.
  • Exodus 2119 Whosoever lieth with a beast
    shall surely be put to death.
  • Exodus 3115 Six days may work be done
    but in the seventh is the Sabbath of
    rest, holy to the Lord whosoever doeth
    any work in the Sabbath day, he shall
    surely be put to death.

29
  • I Nephi 420
  • Can the Lord change a persons voice to suit his
    purposes?
  • As Brigham Young rose in that assembly, his
    face was that of Joseph Smith --- the mantle of
    Joseph had fallen upon him, the power of God that
    was upon Joseph Smith was upon him, he had the
    voice of Joseph.There was a reason for this in
    the mind of God it convinced the people
    (Wilford Woodruff, Discourses, 92-93).
  • I Nephi 432-33
  • So we see that the only way that Nephi could
    possibly have pacified the struggling Zoram in an
    instant was to utter the one oath that no man
    would dream of breaking, the most solemn of all
    oaths to the Semite As the Lord liveth, and as
    I live! (Hugh Nibley, An Approach to the Book of
    Mormon, 103-05).

30
  • I Nephi 437
  • The oath is the one thing that is most sacred
    and inviolable among the desert people and their
    descendants.
  • There is nothing stronger or more sacred.
  • I Nephi 55 Calling and Election?

31
  • I Nephi 511
  • The Pentateuch. There was obviously more on
    them than there is in the Old Testament as we now
    have it. The prophecies of Zenock, Neum, Zenos,
    and Joseph the son of Jacob, and probably many
    other prophets were preserved by them, and many
    of those writings for told matters pertaining to
    the Nephites.
  • I Nephi 59 Sacrifice sin offering
  • Burnt Offering Olah

32
  • I Nephi 516
  • This record was probably kept in the tribe of
    Ephraim, and thus Laban may well have been of
    that tribe.
  • Someday the Lord will raise up a prophet, who
    will also be able to Seer and translate, to who
    he will give the brass plates that they may be
    translated for the benefit and blessing of those
    in all nations (Bruce R. McConkie, Mormon
    Doctrine, 103).
  • In 722 BC the brass plates may well have been
    the official scripture of the 10 tribes.
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