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The Small Animal Care Industry- Part III

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THE END Animal Rights Movement Not the same as Animal Welfare Should not be used as if means the same as animal welfare Media may wrongly use the two terms ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Small Animal Care Industry- Part III


1
The Small Animal Care Industry- Part III
2
Animal Rights Movement
  • Not the same as Animal Welfare
  • Should not be used as if means the same as animal
    welfare
  • Media may wrongly use the two terms
    interchangeably

3
Modern Animal Rights Movement
  • Over 400 animal rights groups exist today
  • Came into prominence in the 1960s and 1970s
  • Initially made up of urban people, many of whom
    were vegetarians

4
Beliefs of Animal Rights Movement
  • Humanize animals to have the same rights as
    humans (humans are also animals)
  • To use animals for human purposes is morally and
    ethically wrong and reflects a bias that humans
    are superior to animals

5
Beliefs of Animal Rights Movement
  • Animals should never be used for food, clothing,
    medical research, and/or product testing
  • Animals should not be used for entertainment
  • Believe in using ecoterrorism to prevent people
    from using animals if necessary

6
Major Animal Rights Group
  • PETA (People for Ethical Treatment of Animals)
  • Largest animal rights group in the world. It has
    over 800,000 members
  • Since 1980, it has been dedicated to establishing
    and protecting rights of animals. Against
    eating, wearing, experimenting, and using for
    entertainment

7
Animal Welfare Movement
  • Rooted in any several schools of thought
  • History of animal domestication dating back to
    Chinese and Egyptians
  • Early US use of animals for food, clothing,
    shelter, transportation, and horsepower to
    perform tasks

8
Animal Welfare Schools of Thought
  • Creation view that God gave man dominion over
    animals which includes use and care (Genesis
    126)
  • Various religions that use animal sacrifice and
    include great detail as to how to humanely
    slaughter the animal

9
Animal Welfare Movement
  • Animal welfare influenced by early laws (Laws
    protecting animals were present before the animal
    rights movement)

10
Animal Welfare Beliefs
  • Animals should be treated humanely regardless of
    how they are used
  • Animals should receive proper housing and
    nutrition
  • Animals should receive proper care for disease
    prevention and treatment for injuries
  • Euthanasia or slaughter should be done in a
    humane way

11
Safety Zoonotic diseases
  • Rabies- a viral disease that affects the nervous
    system and is contracted by bites and scratches
    of infected animals such as dogs and cats
  • Immunization is recommended if there is doubt
    about whether the animal is infected with rabies

12
Rabies
  • Children 5-9 years of age make up less than 9 of
    the population but receive almost 30 of animal
    bites

13
Rabies
  • Most domestic animals are not likely to be
    infected with rabies as long as they are
    vaccinated on a regular basis
  • Ninety-three percent (93) of the reported rabies
    cases were in wild animals

14
Toxoplasmosis
  • Disease produced by infection of Toxoplasma
    gondii parasite and spread through contaminated
    litter or cat feces

15
Toxoplasmosis
  • Does not show up as long as the human immune
    system is working properly
  • Particularly of concern for pregnant women, as it
    may result in miscarriage, babies born
    prematurely or blind

16
Toxoplasmosis
  • Prevent by wearing rubber, disposable gloves to
    daily clean litter boxes and thoroughly wash
    hands after cleaning litter box

17
Ringworm
  • Fungal disease that shows up as round, scaly,
    encrusted lesions on the skin and a loss of hair
    where lesions occur

18
Psittacosis
  • Also known as parrot fever, contracted by caged
    birds such as parrots, budgerigars, and related
    birds
  • Humans are infected through birds contaminated
    feces or fecal dust wear dust mask and a face
    shield for cleaning cages if danger of infection

19
Psittacosis
  • Parrot fever can be prevented by eliminating lice
    and mites by spraying disinfectants on the
    feathers of birds

20
Cat-scratch fever
  • Non-serious disease associated with cat bites and
    scratches that results in swelling and soreness
    around the bite or scratch

21
Salmonellosis
  • Disease that results from an infection of
    Salmonella bacteria and may be transmitted to
    humans and animals
  • Children and elderly are most at risk
  • Pet turtles and reptiles are a common source of
    infection in humans

22
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
  • Causes coagulation of the blood
  • Symptoms include fever, headache, nausea,
    vomiting, skin rash and death if not treated with
    proper antibodies
  • Caused by bite of American dog tick and 6 other
    tick species

23
Lyme Disease
  • Tick transmitted bacterial disease that results
    in a rash, distinctive skin lesion, hives and
    flu-like symptoms such as aching muscles, stiff
    neck, fatigue, fever, chills, painful joints, etc

http//entomology.ucdavis.edu/faculty/rbkimsey/tic
kbio.html
24
Leptospirosis
  • Disease that humans contract by water, food, or
    soil that has been contaminated by urine from
    small animals

25
Parasites
  • Organisms that live on or within a host organism
  • Gain their sustenance (nourishment) from the host
    organism
  • Children are most at risk because they play with
    dogs and cats and in the area where animals have
    been.

26
Ticks
  • Seven species carry Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
  • Five species most often carry Zysore disease
  • Daily personal hygiene is especially important
    for those working with pets to remove small
    larvae that may go undetected by visual inspection

27
Internal Parasites
  • Ascarids (Toxocara species) and hookworms
    (Ancylostoma species and Uncinaria stenocephala)
    affect dogs and cats
  • May be passed on to humans causing fever,
    headache, cough and poor appetite

28
Ascarids
  • Children who play with dogs and cats are most at
    risk
  • Deworming of cats and dogs is the most effective
    prevention measure
  • Keep areas clean from feces

http//www.cvm.okstate.edu/users/jcfox/htdocs/cli
npara/Toxocara.htm
29
Tapeworms
  • Echinococus species carried by dogs and cats
  • May cause Alveolar Hydatid Disease (AHD) which
    can be fatal
  • Produce parasitic tumors or cysts in the liver of
    humans that may go unnoticed for years

30
http//www.dr-dan.com/tapeworm.htm
31
Safe Work Habits
  • Avoiding contamination in clinics and when
    working with multiple animals
  • Avoid contamination by frequent washing of hands
    and protective clothing
  • Separate sick animals and treat in separate areas
  • Do not eat or drink or store food and drink in
    treatment areas or where contamination can occur
  • Never wash lab coats and protective clothing with
    regular clothes

32
Safe Work Habits
  • Protective clothing for working with small
    animals
  • Wear protective clothing and equipment when the
    job performed with a small animal requires it

33
Safe Work Habits
  • Rubber unlined gloves, rubber boots, and face
    shield or goggles with anti fog lenses should be
    worn when handling chemicals or applying
    pesticides
  • Leather gloves help protect from bites and
    scratches

34
Safe Work Habits
  • Coveralls and lab coats offer some additional
    protection from minor bites and scratches
  • Respirators should be worn when there is a danger
    of inhaling toxic dust and other substances

35
Safe Work Habits
  • Chemical safety when working with small animals
  • Use chemicals according to label instructions
  • Store chemicals in the original container
    whenever possible

36
Safe Work Habits
  • Avoid over mixing and storing chemicals, but if
    chemicals must be stored, make certain they are
    in 1- a locked location and 2- clearly labeled
  • Dispose of all chemicals and their containers
    according to label instructions
  • Frequently wash hands and exposed area after
    using chemicals

37
Safe Work Habits
  • Proper handling techniques for small animals
  • Learn proper and safe handling techniques that
    prevent injury to the animal and handler
  • Keep a first aid kit available for workers who do
    suffer bites or scratches

38
Safe Work Habits
  • Briefly restrain animals when needed for
    examination or treatment
  • To work around the head of a cat, the animal can
    be wrapped in a blanket and placed in a zippered
    canvas bag so that the handler can grasp the back
    of the head and hold the head between the thumb
    and fingers

39
Safe Work Habits
  • Dogs are briefly restrained by placing one arm
    under the dogs neck with the forearm holding the
    head while the other arm is placed around the
    animals body to pull it close to the handler

40
Safe Work Habits
  • Muzzles for dogs prevent biting and can be a
    simple narrow strip of gauze or cloth made by
    making a loop in the material.
  • Rabbits can be picked up by grabbing the scruff
    of the neck with one hand and lifting up while
    placing the other hand under the rump for
    support. To hold, simply use the same technique
    but the hand under the rump is moved to support
    the abdomen.

41
Safe Work Habits
  • Rabbits seldom bite but may cause injury with
    their hind legs or may be injured if placed on a
    smooth surface. A rabbits foot pads are covered
    with fur which may cause a lack of traction if
    they are placed on a smooth or slick surface and
    may result in dislocation of their hip or spine
    when they try to move or hop

42
Safe Work Habits
  • Rats and mice that are used to being handled, can
    be picked up by grasping the tail close to the
    body with one hand and using the other hand to
    grasp loose skin in the neck and shoulder area.

43
THE END
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