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Equipment Rollover Susan B. Harwood Grant Training Program

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Equipment Rollover Susan B. Harwood Grant Training Program Equipment Rollover Susan B. Harwood Grant Training Program Disclaimer/Usage Notes Photos shown in this ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Equipment Rollover Susan B. Harwood Grant Training Program


1
Equipment Rollover Susan B. Harwood Grant
Training Program
2
Equipment Rollover Susan B. Harwood Grant
Training Program
3
Disclaimer/Usage Notes
  • Photos shown in this presentation may depict
    situations that are not in compliance with
    applicable OSHA requirements.
  • It is not the intent of the content developers to
    provide compliance-based training in this
    presentation, or to train employees how to
    operate the equipment depicted. The intent is
    more to address hazard awareness in the
    construction industry, and to recognize the
    overlapping hazards present in many construction
    workplaces.
  • It should NOT be assumed that the suggestions,
    comments, or recommendations contained herein
    constitute a thorough review of the applicable
    standards, nor should discussion of issues or
    concerns be construed as a prioritization of
    hazards or possible controls. Where opinions
    (best practices) have been expressed, it is
    important to remember that safety issues in
    general and construction jobsites specifically
    will require a great deal of site- or
    hazard-specificity a one size fits all
    approach is not recommended, nor will it likely
    be very effective.

4
Disclaimer/Usage Notes
  • No representation is made as to the thoroughness
    of the presentation, nor to the exact methods of
    remediation to be taken. It is understood that
    site conditions vary constantly, and that the
    developers of this content cannot be held
    responsible for safety problems they did not
    address or could not anticipate, nor those which
    have been discussed herein or during physical
    presentation. It is the responsibility of the
    employer, its subcontractors, and its employees
    to comply with all pertinent rules and
    regulations in the jurisdiction in which they
    work. Copies of all OSHA regulations are
    available from your local OSHA office, and many
    pertinent regulations and supporting documents
    have been provided with this presentation in
    electronic or printed format. This presentation
    is intended to discuss Federal Regulations only -
    your individual State requirements may be more
    stringent.
  • It is assumed that individuals using this
    presentation or content to augment their training
    programs will be qualified to do so, and that
    said presenters will be otherwise prepared to
    answer questions, solve problems, and discuss
    issues with their audiences.

5
Disclaimer/Usage Notes
  • As a presenter, you should be prepared to discuss
    all of the potential issues/concerns, or problems
    inherent in those photos with the students

6
Why Require Training?
  • Operator training is required by
  • OSHA
  • Manufacturers
  • Clients
  • Employers

7
Why Is Training Needed?
  • OSHA investigated two fatal accidents in 2005 in
    southern Colorado involving the rollover of
    pneumatic rubber-tired roller/compactors

8
Accident 1
  • May 2005
  • Employee was fatally injured while operating a
    pneumatic rubber-tired roller

9
Accident 1
  • Roller ran off the road and traveled down a
    22-degree embankment
  • Rolled over 1½ times, stopped on its top
  • Operator was thrown from the machine
  • Fatally crushed between the machine and ground

10
Accident 1
  • Roller was originally equipped with a ROPS and a
    seatbelt
  • Both had been removed prior to the accident

11
Accident 2
  • August 2005
  • Employee was rolling material into the gravel
    using a pneumatic rubber-tired roller

12
Accident 2
  • Roller ran off the road and down a 28-degree
    embankment
  • Compactor rolled onto its side and came to a stop
  • Operator was thrown from the machine and fatally
    crushed
  • Roller was not provided with a ROPS, operator not
    wearing a seatbelt

13
Summary of Accidents
  • In both cases,
  • If the machine had been equipped with a ROPS
    system, and
  • If the operator had been wearing a seatbelt,
  • The operators survival would have increased
    significantly

14
Additional Accidents
  • Between 2000 and 2006
  • OSHA investigated over 50 rollover incidents

15
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16
Roller Compactor Safety
  • Always be aware that a rollover hazard exists
  • ROPS and seatbelts ALWAYS reduce the risk of a
    fatality
  • Highest hazard locations were roadway or
    embankment edges

17
Roller Compactor Safety
  • When operating on uneven surfaces, chances of a
    rollover increase
  • Another hazard was runaway machines, typically
    down slopes
  • Evaluate roadways and work surfaces for
    dangerous inclines/declines

18
ROPS
  • A ROPS is a protective frame mounted on the
    machine and extends above the operators seat
  • ROPS bear the weight of the machine during a
    rollover event
  • ROPS minimize the likelihood that the machine
    will overturn completely

19
ROPS
  • A principle in ROPS design is to restrict the
    overturn to 90 degrees
  • ROPS must to be used in combination with a
    seatbelt
  • A ROPS only provides protection if the operator
    remains in the seat

20
Roller Compactor Safety
  • A number of hazards associated with rollovers
    were pointed out, including
  • Working near road edge or embankment was the most
    hazardous
  • The second most hazardous were steep slopes and
    roadway curves
  • Problems with gear-shifting and brakes resulted
    in runaways

Source Compactor Overturns and Rollover
Protective Structures
21
Roller Compactor Safety
  • Compacting soil appeared to be more hazardous
    than other operations
  • Hazards included the soil edges and soft soil
    pockets that could drop under the weight of the
    unit.

22
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24
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25
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26
Compactor Roller Safety
  • Loading and unloading machines onto trailers
    posed a potential overturn hazard
  • Hazards were caused by
  • skidding on the ramps,
  • using wood blocks or planks as ramps,
  • or a machine that was too narrow to span both
    sides of the ramp

27
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28
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29
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30
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31
Need for ROPS
  • Studies show that if the machines involved are
    equipped with ROPS, and if the operators are
    wearing seatbelts, the operators survival
    increases significantly

32
Regulations
  • OSHA does not have a standard requiring the use
    ROPS or seatbelts
  • OSHAs position is that the hazard of equipment
    rollover is a recognized hazard within the
    meaning of the General Duty Clause of the OSH Act

33
General Duty Clause
  • (a) Each employer -- (1) shall furnish to each of
    his employees employment and a place of
    employment which are free from recognized hazards
    that are causing or are likely to cause death or
    serious physical harm to his employees (2) shall
    comply with occupational safety and health
    standards promulgated under this Act

34
General Duty Clause
  • (b) Each employee shall comply with occupational
    safety and health standards and all rules,
    regulations, and orders issued pursuant to this
    Act which are applicable to his own actions and
    conduct

35
Other Regulations
  • 29 CFR 1926.20(b)(4), states the employer shall
    permit only those employees qualified by training
    or experience to operate equipment and machinery.

36
Other Regulations
  • 29 CFR 1926.21(b)(2), Safety training and
    education, states further that the employer
    shall instruct each employee in the recognition
    and avoidance of unsafe conditions.

37
Compactor Roller Safety
  • Employers performing construction work are
    required to ensure that their operators are
    trained
  • To use the equipment properly and
  • To understand how to recognize those situations
    and conditions that pose a rollover hazard

38
Compactor Roller Safety
  • For example, operators need to understand that
  • Soft edges can cause one side of the equipment to
    sink and therefore may pose a risk of rollover
  • Turning away from a slope with articulated
    steering can destabilize the compactor

39
Compactor Roller Safety
  • Improperly inflated tires can destabilize
    roller/compactors and
  • Rain or wet conditions can pose a hazard during
    unloading and loading
  • and can increase the possibility of rollovers
    near embankments as soil conditions become
    unstable

40
Roller Compactor Safety
  • Leaving a compactor vibrator engaged while
    stationary has led to the settling of soil on one
    side of the unit, allowing it to overturn
  • Articulation of a mobile unit with the jackknife
    pointed toward an edge presents a substantial
    overturn hazard

41
Roller Compactor Safety
  • Remember to always think safety, the life you
    save may be your own
  • Always use ROPS and seat belts
  • Now we will review as well as discuss proper
    procedures for operating your machine

42
Safety is Important
  • Three reasons Safety is important
  • Accidents can cause death or serious injuries, or
    disability,
  • Accidents can cost both you, and your employer
  • With proper training, and with Machine Operators
    making it their responsibility to work safely,
    accidents can be prevented

43
Safety Alerts
  • The Safety Alert Symbol is used to
  • Identify important safety messages
  • Alert you to the possibility of injury or death

44
Safety Alerts
  • Follow the instructions in the safety message to
    prevent injury to yourself or others

45
Manufacturers Manual
  • States that you must be qualified and authorized
    to operate the machine
  • YOU must
  • understand the manufacturers instructions
  • be trained
  • demonstrate the actual operation of the machine
  • know the safety rules and regulations

46
Signal Words
  • DANGER - indicates an imminently hazardous
    situation that will result in death or serious
    injury
  • WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous
    situation which could result in death or serious
    injury
  • CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous
    situation that may result in minor or moderate
    injury

47
A Word to the Operator
  • Remember that Safety is up to YOU, only YOU can
    prevent serious injury or death

48
Follow a Safety Program
  • Protect yourself by wearing the appropriate PPE
  • Hard hats, safety glasses, hearing protection
  • WARNING! Do not wear loose fitting or dangling
    clothes
  • Be Careful
  • Encourage those around you to act safely

49
Safe Operation
  • Drugs or alcohol use can change your alertness or
    coordination
  • Consult with your medical advisor if you are
    taking prescription or over-the-counter
    medication
  • Ensure you can safely operate the machine
  • Check the label for warnings against operating
    machinery

50
Know the Safety Rules
  • Your employer on the job site will have rules on
    the proper operation of equipment
  • Check with your supervisor or safety coordinator
    to learn the rules for your job site

51
Safety Rules for Compactors
  • Know how to operate the Machine, and the
    characteristics of the machine
  • Never modify or remove part of the machine
  • Always fasten your seat belt
  • Keep other workers out of the work area

52
Safety Rules for Compactors
  • Lower the blade and all other hydraulic
    attachments (if equipped) to ground.
  • Know the proper shut down procedure for your
    specific machine as this can vary from different
    types and models of machines
  • Remove your key to keep unauthorized people from
    operating the machine

53
Job Site Traffic
  • You must know the rules covering traffic at your
    job site,
  • Understand what the signs, flag signals, and
    markings mean,
  • Know what hand, horn, whistle, siren or bell
    signals mean
  • Use your lights, turn signals, flashers and horn

54
Know Your Equipment
  • Know how to operate the equipment on your machine
  • Know the purpose of the controls, gauges, and
    indicators
  • Speed range, braking and steering characteristics
  • Know the turning radius, and operating clearances

55
Know Your Equipment
  • Rain, snow, ice, loose dirt or gravel, soft
    ground all change the operating capabilities of
    your machine
  • Study the DANGER, WARNING and CAUTION signs and
    decals on your machine

56
Operators Manual
  • Study and know the manufacturers operations
    manual before starting the machine
  • If there is no manual with the machine Get One
  • Ask your supervisor to explain anything that you
    do not understand

57
Operators Manual
  • If your machine is equipped with other devices,
  • Read the manufacturers operating and safety
    manuals that apply to that equipment BEFORE you
    use the device

58
Preparation for Use
  • Check the safety equipment
  • Seat Belt/Operator Restraints
  • Lights
  • Safety Signs/Decals
  • Horn
  • Back-Up Alarm
  • Mirrors
  • First Aid Kit
  • Fire Extinguisher

59
Preparation for Use
  • Falling Object Protective Structure (FOPS)
  • Roll-Over Protective Structure (ROPS)
  • WARNING NEVER remove a FOPS or ROPS structure
    except for service

60
Preparation for Use
  • Check the machine each day before use
  • Check for broken, missing or damaged parts
  • Have necessary repairs made before using
  • Check Pneumatic tires (if so equipped) for cuts,
    bulges and correct pressure
  • Replace badly worn or damaged tires

61
Preparation for Use
  • Check the machine each day before use
  • Check the service and parking brakes
  • Perform all maintenance procedures
  • Check the hydraulic system
  • Fix any leaks

62
Preparation for Use
  • WARNING Diesel fuel or hydraulic fluid under
    pressure can penetrate the skin or eyes and cause
    serious injury
  • Never use your hand to find leaks
  • Wear a face shield or goggles
  • Use a board or cardboard to find leaks

63
Preparation for Use
  • Check the cooling system
  • WARNING Allow the radiator to cool before
    checking the level

64
Preparation for Use
  • Before operating check that the steering frame
    lock on articulated machines has been removed
  • WARNING An articulated machine cannot be
    steered with a steering frame lock in place

65
Preparation for Use
  • If you find an item that needs repair during your
    daily inspection
  • report it to your supervisor and tag the machine
    on the start switch or other location where it
    will be noticed.
  • You should never operate a machine that isnt in
    safe working condition.

66
Preparation for Use
  • Clean up the machine
  • Windshields
  • Mirrors
  • All lights
  • Steps and hand holds
  • Remove personal items from the operators area

67
Preparation for Use
  • Use caution when fueling
  • Never overfill or spill fuel
  • Ground the fuel nozzle to the filler neck
  • Use the correct fuel
  • WARNING Never fill when the engine is running,
    and never smoke while fueling up.

68
Preparation for Use
  • Know the work area
  • Inspect the Conditions of area you will be
    working for conditions that could be dangerous
  • Drop-offs or other obstacles
  • Holes, obstructions, mud or ice
  • Heavy traffic
  • Thick dust, smoke or fog

69
Preparation for Use
  • When operating inside a building know your
    clearances
  • Overhead
  • Doorways
  • Aisles
  • Weight limitations of floors and ramps

70
Preparation for Use
  • For Landfill Compactors
  • Perform frequent checks for wire or other
    material wound around the axles and remove them
    as soon as possible,
  • Travel with the blade in the low position and,
  • Make sure you maintain good visibility by keeping
    windows free of materials that could interfere
    with visibility.

71
Preparation for Use
  • While operating Machine
  • Approach intersections with caution
  • Observe speed limits and traffic signs
  • Know your stopping distance
  • Avoid panic stops and sharp turns

72
Preparation for Use
  • While operating Machine
  • Stop and clear all railroad crossings
  • Never park in traffic areas
  • Use appropriate lights at night
  • Pull off the road and set up barricades when
    parking at night

73
Preparation for Use
  • If the machine will be driven over the road
  • Use hand signals or turn signals when turning

74
Starting Safely
  • Mount the loader safely
  • When you get on or off the machine
  • Maintain 3 point contact with the steps and hand
    holds
  • Face the machine
  • Never jump on or off the machine

75
Starting Safely
  • Mount the Roller Compactor safely
  • When you get on or off the machine
  • Never attempt to mount/dismount a moving machine
  • Do not use the steering wheel or any control
    lever as a hand hold

76
Starting Safely
  • Warn personnel before starting
  • Before starting, walk completely around the
    machine
  • Make sure no one is under the machine servicing
    it, or close to it
  • Let other workers know you are starting the
    machine

77
Starting Safely
  • WARNING Start the machine from the operators
    seat only
  • Never by-pass neutral-start circuits by jumping
    the starter terminals
  • The machine may start in gear and injure or kill
    you or someone else if started in gear

78
Starting Safely
  • Know the starting procedure for your machine
  • Sit in the seat and adjust it so you can operate
    all controls properly
  • Fasten the seat belt
  • Engage the parking brake, put controls in neutral

79
Starting Safely
  • Know the starting procedure for your machine
  • Familiarize yourself with warning devices, gauges
    and operating controls
  • Clear the area of all persons
  • Start the engine

80
Starting Safely
  • WARNING Exhaust fumes can kill
  • Be positive there is adequate ventilation while
    operating

81
Starting Safely
  • Jumper cables
  • Follow instructions on proper use of jumper
    cables
  • Operator must remain in seat to control machine
  • Jump starting is a two-person operation

82
Starting Safely
  • Ether Starting Fluid
  • Ether is highly flammable and explosive
  • Read the instructions on the container and in the
    manufacturers manual.
  • Do NOT use ether if the machine has a pre-heater

83
Starting Safely
  • After Starting the Engine
  • Observe gauges, instruments and warning lights
  • Run an operating check
  • Do not use a machine that is not in proper
    operating condition
  • It is the OPERATORS RESPONSIBILITY to check the
    condition of the machine

84
Starting Safely
  • Test the Controls
  • Make sure the machine is operating correctly
  • Put machine in neutral, test the engine speed
    control
  • Operate each control lever for proper function

85
Starting Safely
  • Test the Controls
  • Operate the shift controls to ensure forward,
    neutral and reverse operate correctly
  • Check the parking and service brake systems
  • Test steering while moving slowly

86
Starting Safely
  • Test the Controls
  • WARNING Be certain you can control both speed
    and direction before moving the machine

87
Working Safely
  • Stay in the operators seat at all times
  • Keep your seat belt fastened when you drive or
    operate the Roller Compactor
  • Be in control of your machine at all times
  • Assure yourself that the work area is clear of
    other persons
  • Look and listen for malfunctions
  • Stop if a malfunction is detected
  • Do not use the machine as a ram

88
Working Safely
  • Never allow an untrained or unqualified person to
    operate your machine
  • WARNING Your Roller Compactor is a one-person
    machine, NEVER permit riders

89
Working Safely
  • If operating Machine on road make sure you use
    appropriate warning signs and emblems Slow
    moving vehicle
  • Look before you back up, and make sure backup
    horn is working properly
  • Know the pinch points and rotating parts on the
    machine

90
Working Safely
  • Traveling on the job site
  • Take it slow and easy
  • Watch out for congested areas
  • Give the right-of-way to loaded machines
  • Maintain a safe distance from other machines
  • Pass cautiously

91
Working Safely
  • Dont obstruct your vision when traveling
  • Operate slow enough to have complete control at
    all times
  • Travel slowly on rough, slippery ground or
    hillsides
  • Avoid operating your machine too close to an
    overhang, deep ditch, or hole
  • Always use service and parking brakes carefully

92
Working Safely
  • Stay in gear when traveling downhill, never shift
    into neutral
  • Maintain engine RPM to provide steering and
    braking
  • Use the same gear traveling down that you would
    use travel up a hill
  • Follow manufacturers manuals on brake use

93
Working Safely
  • Extreme caution should be used when working along
    the top of a bank or slope
  • Keep away from the edge
  • Always look back when backing up
  • Be extremely alert in hazardous areas
  • Always be alert for low branches and dead trees

94
Working Safely
  • Before entering buildings, underpasses, tunnels
    or bunkers check for hazards or obstructions
  • Check clearance height
  • Avoid turning on an incline
  • Use extreme caution and make the turn wide and
    SLOW

95
Working Safely
  • When in dust, smoke, or fog use extreme caution
  • Keep speed to a minimum when visibility is poor

96
Working Safely
  • Keep the work area flat and level if possible
  • Be aware of potential caving edges and,
  • Always travel slowly over rough terrain or avoid
    it and go around it

97
Working Safely
  • WARNING Never enter or allow anyone else to
    enter the Roller Compactor swing pivot area,
  • Death or serious injury can result
  • Always make sure you follow the manufacturers
    recommendations before you operate the Roller
    Compactor

98
Working Safely
  • WARNING Never operate the controls from the
    ground
  • Severe injury or death can result
  • Always operate the Roller Compactor from the
    correct operating position

99
Working Safely
  • When operating your Machine on the road
  • Know your stopping distance at whatever speed
    youre going
  • NEVER turn corners at high speeds
  • Always look in all directions before you travel
    forward or reverse

100
Working Safely
  • Never operate Machine when extremely tired
  • Your response time will be slower
  • Your judgment will be impaired
  • Remember Safety is your responsibility

101
Working Safely
  • Be Aware of
  • Trenches that may be to close to your Vibratory
    Compactor, as it could cause a collapse
  • Buildings and Light Poles that might be to close
    to where your Vibratory Compactor is operating as
    damage may occur
  • Always be sure workmen and others are far enough
    away to avoid injury

102
Working Safely
  • WARNING Always remember that regardless of how
    heavy or stable your machine may feel or appear
    to you, there is always a chance of a rollover
    when working on steep slopes
  • Always wear your seatbelt and make sure your ROPS
    is on your machine

103
Working Safely
  • Towing over-the-road is not recommended
  • If your machine must be towed on the job site
  • Use a rigid tow bar (not a chain or rope)
  • Never allow anyone to ride on towed machine

104
Loading and Unloading
  • If the machine is equipped with a ROPS, you must
    wear the seat belt or restraint when loading or
    unloading the machine
  • Follow the procedures recommended by the machine
    manufacturer for loading and unloading

105
Loading and Unloading
  • Several precautions are applicable to all
    machines
  • Know the correct loading and unloading procedure
  • Load and unload on a level surface
  • Block the transport vehicle so it cannot move

106
Loading and Unloading
  • Several precautions are applicable to all
    machines
  • Never load or unload the machine by yourself
  • Keep all people not involved in the loading or
    unloading process clear
  • The ramp and trailer must provide adequate
    traction for loading or unloading machine

107
Loading and Unloading
  • Several precautions are applicable to all
    machines
  • Use ramps of adequate size and strength,
  • Proper ramp angle and height
  • Keep the trailer bed and ramps clear of mud, oil,
    ice, snow and other slippery materials

108
Loading and Unloading
  • Several precautions are applicable to all
    machines
  • On articulated machines, attach the steering
    frame lock after loading, remove before unloading
  • Chain and block machine securely for transport
  • Keep everyone clear of the area

109
Loading and Unloading
  • Know the overall height and width of the
    transporter and Roller Compactor combined to
    avoid overhead and narrow obstructions

110
Safety Rules for Compactors
  • Whenever you park the machine
  • Park away from road and traffic,
  • Park on level, stable ground whenever possible
  • When it is not possible to park on level ground
    park the machine at right angles to the slope
  • Block your machine in both directions, and apply
    parking brakes

111
Park Safely
  • Safe Shutdown of the machine
  • Stop the machine use the service brake
  • Lower attachments to the ground
  • Shift controls to neutral/park and lock
  • Engage parking brake

112
Park Safely
  • Idle engine to cool down
  • Stop engine
  • Cycle all hydraulic controls
  • Remove the key, and
  • Shut off the master switch

113
Park Safely
  • Safe Shutdown of the machine
  • Maintain three point contact when leaving the
    machine
  • NEVER jump off the machine
  • Be careful of slippery conditions
  • Block wheels if on a slope or incline

114
Maintenance
  • Do not perform any work on a machine unless you
    are authorized and qualified to do so
  • Attach a DO NOT OPERATE tag to the switch if
    maintenance is needed
  • Remove the key if the engine should not be started

115
Maintenance
  • Never work on the machine with the engine running
  • Exhaust fumes are hazardous to your health, if
    necessary to run the engine in an enclosed area
    use an exhaust pipe extension or have proper
    ventilation.

116
Maintenance
  • Be careful of fluids under pressure
  • Use a piece of cardboard or wood to find leaks
  • Never use your bare hand
  • Wear a face shield or safety goggles
  • If fluid is injected into any part of your body,
    go to a doctor for treatment immediately

117
Maintenance
  • Stop the engine while refueling
  • Dont smoke while refueling
  • Dont smoke when using starting ether
  • Lead acid batteries can be explosive
  • Keep arcs, sparks and flames away

118
Maintenance
  • Special tools and procedures are required for
    tire repair
  • Call a repair service
  • Maintain correct tire pressure
  • Do not over-inflate
  • Do not operate equipment if
  • Tires are cut or damaged
  • Lug bolts are missing

119
Test Your Knowledge
  • Do you understand
  • Your safety program
  • The machine manuals
  • Proper clothing and PPE
  • The machine controls, warnings and devices

120
Test Your Knowledge
  • How to inspect, mount and start your machine
  • How to check for proper operation
  • Your work area and any special hazards
  • Proper operating procedures

121
Test Your Knowledge
  • Do you understand
  • Proper parking, shutdown and dismounting
  • Proper maintenance procedures
  • Proper unloading and loading procedures
  • The conditions where you should not operate your
    machine

122
Conclusion
  • It is impossible for this course to cover every
    hazardous situation you may encounter.
  • Your knowledge of the safety precautions from
    this course and adherence to the basic rules of
    safety will help you use good judgment in all
    situations.
  • Safety is your business and responsibility

123
Questions?
  • Answers to additional questions can be found in
    the following source materials
  • 29 CFR 1926 Construction Regulations
  • AEM Roller/Compactor Safety Manual
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