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An Overview on Library and Information Science Education Status in Egypt

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Maurice A. Mikhail, Ph.D. Consultant of Mubarak Public Libraries Professor, Faculty of Social Sciences, 6 October University, Egypt mauricemikhail_at_Gmail.com – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: An Overview on Library and Information Science Education Status in Egypt


1
An Overview on Education Status of Library and
Information Science in Egypt
Maurice A. Mikhail, Ph.D. Consultant of Mubarak
Public Libraries Professor, Faculty of Social
Sciences, 6 October University,
Egypt mauricemikhail_at_Gmail.com
2
Contents
Levels of LIS Education
Professional Level
Short Training Courses
Egyptian Libraries Association (ELA)
Mubarak Public Library (MPL)
Obstacles, Conclusion and Recommendations
3
Professional Level
  • Supreme Council for Egyptian Universities and
    Institutions
  • Responsibilities
  • To set up standards for LIS Education in the
    Egyptian Universities.
  • To endorse fields of specializations at all
    levels in high Education institutions.
  • To approve higher Education plans for all
    institutions, and to set up priorities.
  • To approve establishment of higher Education
    institutions, and to accredit the field of
    studies.

4
Professional Level
Professional Level
Non Governmental Organizations (NGO's)
Governmental Organizations (GO's)
5
Professional Level Governmental Organizations
(GO's)
6
Governmental Universities Have LIS Education
  • Beni Suwayf University
  • Tanta University
  • Helwan University
  • Minufiya University
  • South Valley University
  • Al-Minya University
  • Assiut University
  • Alexandria University
  • Al-Azhar University
  • Al-Fayyum University
  • Ain Shams University
  • Banha University
  • Mansoura University
  • Cairo University

7
LIS Departments in the Egyptian Universities
Governmental Universities Have LIS Education
  • (Arranged by the opening date)
  • Cairo University (1951).
  • Alexandria University (1981).
  • Helwan University (1982).
  • Cairo University Branch in Beni Suef (1985).
  1. Tanta University (1986).
  2. University of Menoufiya (1990).
  3. Al-Azhar University, Assiut (1991).
  4. Faculty of Humanities (Girls) - Al-Azhar
    University, Cairo (1991).
  5. Faculty of Education, Al-Azhar University, Cairo
    (1991).

8
Governmental Universities Have LIS Education
  1. Faculty of Arabic Language, Al-Azhar University,
    Shebin (1993).
  2. University of South Valley, Sohag (1995).
  3. Faculty of Arts, Helwan University, (1995).
  4. Menia University (1997).
  5. University of Assiut, (1997).
  6. University of Zakazik, Benha Branch (1997).
  • Ain Shams University, (1999).
  • Faculty of Social Sciences, 6 October University
    (2000).
  • Mansoura University (2004).
  • Suez Canal University (under establishing).
  • University of South Valley, Qena (under
    establishing).

9
Under graduate program
Number of under-graduate LIS students in the
Egyptian Universities. (During two academic
years 2008/2009 2009/2010)
10
Post graduate program
Total No. of Theses During 50 Academic Years
11
Post graduate program
Total No. of Theses in the Last 10 Years
(2000-2009)
12
Post graduate program
  • 1. There are an unprecedented increase in the
    number of dissertations has been recognized,
    whether approved or registered over the last ten
    years (from 2001 to 2010). The percentage of
    dissertations in this period reaches up to 76
    from the total dissertations number since 1961
    (see Figure 4 Table 4). These results reflect
    the high demand for graduate programs in
    Libraries Departments.
  • 2. The whole number of dissertations reached up
    to 1264 where 854 (68) for Master Degree,
  • and 410 (32) for Ph.D. Degree.

13
  • 3. Number of dissertation in the last 5 years
    reaches up to 679 (54) from the whole period (50
    year).
  • 4. Cairo University realizes higher number of
    dissertations followed by Menufiya University,
    and Alexandria University.
  • 5. Number of approved dissertations are 747 (59)
    more than the registered ones 511 (41).
  • 6. Year 2008 shows the highest figure 163 (13)
    comparing with the whole universities years.

14
Curriculum (Current Courses, in Brief)
  1. Introduction and Theories
  2. Laws and Legislation
  3. Technical Processes
  4. Information Technology
  5. Information Resources
  6. Archives and Documentations
  7. HR Development

15
Curriculum (Proposed Courses,8 Core Modules)
  1. Fundamentals in LIS.
  2. Organizing, Information Processing and Retrieval
    of knowledge.
  3. Information Sources Products and Services.
  4. Digital Library.
  5. Library Management, Information Centers, and
    Information Institutions.
  6. Information Technology Basics and Applications.
  7. Research Methods and Statistical Techniques.
  8. Library Information Systems.

16
Professional Level Non Governmental
Organizations (NGO's)
  • Private Universities
  • Several private Universities have been
    established within the last 20 years. A limited
    number has LIS Department, such as 6 Oct.
    University. This University changed its whole
    system into credit hours since few years and
    splits LIS Department in two divisions Library
    and Information Sciences, and Information
    Technology Divisions.

17
Short Training Courses
Short Training Courses
Non Governmental Organizations (NGO's)
Governmental Organizations (GO's)
  1. Integrated Care Society (ICS).
  2. Future Generation Foundation (FGF).
  3. Heliopolis Association

1. Information Technology Clubs (IT Clubs).
2. International Computer Drivers License (ICDL).
18
IT Clubs
Partners
19
IT Clubs
  • Activities
  • Train Trainees to be Trainers.
  • Train on Line Searching in Digital Media.
  • Conduct Training Sessions in the Field of ICT.
  • Self-learning for Young People.
  • Provide All the Services of Various Internet
    Applications.
  • Provide Software for teaching basic skills in IT.

20
IT Clubs
  • Services
  • Internet Accessibility and Affordability.
  • Job possibilities for University Graduates who
    Join the "Training of Trainers" Program to Become
    ITC Knowledge Trainers, Providing Courses at the
    Clubs.
  • Availability of the Latest Technology.
  • Anyone can Use IT Clubs and Work on Spreadsheets
    and Presentations etc.

21
IT Clubs
  • Partners
  • MCIT Provides all necessary equipment
    computers, printers, peripherals, Internet
    access, network (LAN), and servers.
  • The private sector partners provide space,
    infrastructure, utilities, furniture, and
    security for the clubs.

22
Egyptian Libraries Association
  • Objectives
  • To create closer links between workers in the
    field of libraries, documentation and information
  • To establish active links with the corresponding
    library associations in different countries.
  • To set standards for work in order to develop the
    performance at the country level.
  • To disseminate researches and special studies in
    the field of Library, Information science, and
    Archive.
  • To arrange professional meetings to discuss
    issues of Library, Information, and Archive.

23
Egyptian Libraries Association Objectives
  • 6. To strength the cultural and professional ties
    among the members.
  • 7. To publish a scientific journal.
  • 8. To arrange training courses for members of the
    Association and staff working in libraries and
    information centers.
  • 9. To enhance career of Library and Information
    Services and Archives.
  • 10. To work on spread awareness among Egyptian
    Librarians.
  • 11. To arrange parties, scientific and cultural
    trips for members and their families.

24
Egyptian Libraries Association
  • Training Program
  • Technical Operations 
  • Building and Development Collection
  • Indexing Internet Resources
  • Rules of International MARC
  • Dewey Decimal Classification
  • Subject Indexing and Cataloging
  • Technical Operations in Libraries and Information
    Centers in Light of IT.
  • Library Automation Systems
  • Manuscripts
  • Electronic Reference

25
Egyptian Libraries Association
11. Library and Information Services 12.
Electronic Information Services 13. Search
Bibliographic Databases 14. Use Internet in
Libraries 15. Design Websites for Libraries 16.
Search Engines on the Internet 17. Management of
Egyptian Libraries 18. Management of the Digital
Library 19. Formulation of Reference Citations 
26
Mubarak Public Library
  • MPL arranges a number of training, e.g.
  • Internet, PC programs and its applications.
  • On-the-job-training on all library services and
    activities.
  • Integrated Library Systems.
  • The target trainees are mostly
  • Graduate and undergraduate students of LIS.
  • MPLs users and employees.
  • Librarians working in governmental and private
    institutions.
  • Staff of other libraries.
  • Librarians and information specialists

27
Obstacles
  1. Lack of enthusiasm of students in some
    Universities, especially in non governmental
    organizations (NGOs).
  2. Shortage of qualified teaching staff who could
    upgrade their knowledge.
  3. Students - in many cases - are unhappy with the
    requirements that they pass an English language
    exam before being admitted into a post graduate
    program.
  4. Although most of specialists in Arab Countries
    are initially got their experiences from the
    Egyptian experience, but we find low status of
    the profession as a result of low pay.
  5. Egyptian graduates from universities outside
    Egypt prefer to get a job abroad rather than
    return back with low paying jobs.
  6. The library profession suffers from low pay, and
    lack of interest by young people in attaining a
    LIS degree.

28
Conclusion
  • Factors affecting on LIS research
  • Senior educators need to ensure that
    librarianship is greatly impacted by technology
    changing all time, so they have to be able to
    adopt to implement new development.
  • Coordination between academics among each other
    and academics with practitioners to do research
    is highly recommended.
  • Practitioners must document their gained
    experiences for the coming generations.

29
Conclusion
  • LIS Education in Egypt needs
  • To upgrade the nature of LIS educational
    material.
  • To improve skills and knowledge for conducting
    search.
  • To re-orient research agenda for solving current
    problems.
  • To restrict interest of research.
  • To expose dissertations theses for others to
    get access.

30
Recommendations
  1. Egypt is one of the developing countries doing
    efforts to learn from the experience of the
    developed Countries, so Egyptian librarians are
    looking for enhancing the inter-relationship with
    their counterparts in developed countries.
  2. Professionals and educators in developed
    countries have to be aware with problems facing
    their counterparts in the developing countries to
    bridge the IT gap.
  3. Management plays a significant role in the
    profession of librarianship. Management of
    information resource, human and financial
    resource are factors with important aspects in
    LIS.
  4. Activating e-learning among librarians in the
    north and their counterparts in the south.
  5. The application of quality standards on LIS is
    the most. IT has its deep impact on LIS begin
    with library automation.

31
Recommendations
  • 6. Providing Egyptian librarian with up to date
    technology, through arranging video conferences,
    e-learning, visits, and streaming the valuable
    events after get official approval from the
    organizing sides.
  • 7. Enhancing skills of the Egyptian librarians
    and specialists through personal contact with the
    professionals around the World to exchange their
    experience.
  • 8. Pushing educators and practitioners to do
    their best to achieve the national dreams.
  • 9. Doing some research works on the relevancy of
    the curriculum and inadequately of financial
    support.
  • 10. Turning from brain drain to brain gain by
    providing advance courses in the newest topics
    relevant to Egyptian conditions.

32
Recommendations
  • 11. Adding IT component to the libraries
    curriculum, so libraries seeing themselves as
    part of the knowledge society. The results are to
    obtain a vital link between the production of
    knowledge and access to it by the public.
  • 12. The curriculum contents should concentrate on
    developing skills, and tools to take care of
    creation, collection, ICT, management etc.
  • In my opinion, these points will serve as a
    guideline to design the LIS curriculum in the
    future. The Egyptian Universities graduate
    librarians have background mainly theoretical
    while some libraries as MPLs present chance to
    implement the practice to enhance their skills.

33
Thank You !
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