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Type II Diabetes: A Growing Adolescent Epidemic

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33% increase in additional knowledge of foods necessary in a healthy diet ... Why does a person become diabetic? How did food consumption match individuals ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Type II Diabetes: A Growing Adolescent Epidemic


1
Type II Diabetes A Growing Adolescent Epidemic?
  • Joanne Yonan
  • Lakeview High School
  • Chicago Public Schools
  • IIT Research Mentor Ali Cinar

This material is based upon work supported by the
National Science Foundation under grant No.
EEC-0502174. Any opinions, findings, and
conclusions or recommendations expressed in this
material are those of the author(s) and do not
necessarily reflect the views of the National
Science Foundation.
2
Overview
  • Thematic unit that incorporates inquiry, ethics,
    and design
  • Creating nutritionally balanced diets
  • The role insulin plays in maintaining appropriate
    glucose levels
  • Exercise is important in maintaining health
  • How food choices are influenced?

3
Pre and Post Tests
  • 50 increase in the students understanding of
    differences and likenesses between scientists and
    engineers
  • 33 increase in additional knowledge of foods
    necessary in a healthy diet
  • 66 increase in how insulin works in maintaining
    blood sugar
  • 33 increase improved their understanding of
    diabetes

4
Scientific Inquiry
  • What is a healthy diet
  • What happens to blood sugar levels in an
    unhealthy diet?
  • How does environment affect enzyme activity?
  • What are healthy foods?
  • What body processes are involved in homeostasis?
  • Why does a person become diabetic?
  • How did food consumption match individuals energy
    output?

5
Module design
  • Create a diet that is healthy
  • Students design an exercise program to match with
    their different diet scenarios
  • Work with the glucosim model created by Dr. Cinar
    to show glucose levels in a healthy diet program
  • Measure calories and carbohydrates of different
    food choices

6
Ethics
  • Who is responsible for healthy food choices?
  • Comparing the issue of Martin Spurlock in Super
    Size Me with the victims of the 2006 drought in
    Niger
  • Advertisings role in our food choices
  • Our cultures low activity levels and its
    influence on our youth.

7
Student Participation
  • Students worked individually on the computer
    model and when journaling their meals.
  • Group work when brainstorming about what is a
    healthy diet and when they developed a healthy
    diet.
  • Hands-on activities comprised the enzyme activity
    lab and the exercise activity lab where students
    determined the number of calories burned.

8
Recommendations
  • Introduction activity gather breakfast data as
    an ice breaker to unit
  • Simplify and streamline glucosim program
  • Access student computer knowledge and enlist
    their help during the module
  • Make the enzyme experiment more dramatic by using
    beef liver instead of the potato
  • Include a carbohydrate and calorie question and
    the importance of exercise in the pre and post
    test

9
Modifications
  • Add a lab with keys to unlock a box to simulate
    the lock and key mechanism of insulin for younger
    students
  • Modify the glucosim computer program screens so
    it is more user friendly for younger children
  • Printed pictures of food choices that students
    could cut and paste into the food pyramid
  • Use nutritional computer games from pyramid
    kids/gov
  • Make posters that show calories and carbohydrates
    for different food choices
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