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ROMANTICISM The Second Generation Poets: Byron Shelley Keats

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Ozymandias by Percy Bysshe Shelley This poem provides an ironic comment on human pride and ambition. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ROMANTICISM The Second Generation Poets: Byron Shelley Keats


1
ROMANTICISM The Second Generation
Poets Byron Shelley Keats
2
  • Wordsworth and Coleridge blazed the way for the
    second generation Romantic poets
  • Lord Byron
  • Percy Bysshe Shelley
  • John Keats

3
  • Coming of age during the Napoleonic Era, these
    younger poets rebelled even more strongly against
    British conservatism.

4
  • All three died abroad after tragically short
    lives, and their viewpoints were those of
    disillusioned outsiders.

5
George Gordon, Lord Byron (1788-1824)
  • Member of the House of Lords, Byron was handsome,
    egotistical, and aloof, the darling of elegant
    society.

6
Mad, bad, and dangerous to know. Lady Caroline
Lamb
  • Shocked by his radical politics and scandalous
    love affairs, Byron was shunned by London society
    and, so he left Britain in 1816, never to return.

7
The Irresistible Bad Boy The Byronic Hero
Devastatingly Attractive yet Fatally Flawed
8
  • A man proud, moody, cynical, with defiance on
    his brow, and misery in his heart, a scorner of
    his kind, implacable in revenge, yet capable of
    deep and strong affection.
  • Thomas Macaulay

9
  • Lord Byron died of a fever at age 36 while
    fighting for Greek independence.

10
  • To this day, Byron is revered in Greece as a
    national hero.

11
Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822)
  • Byrons friend, also an aristocrat and political
    radical, more radical than Byron
  • Shelley urged Englands lower classes to rebel.

12
Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822)
  • Shunned for his radical ideas, Shelley left
    England for good in 1818.

13
Shelley died in a boating accident just after his
30th birthday. Foul play has always been
suspected.
14
John Keats (1795-1821)
  • A master of lyrical poetry
  • Born outside of upper-class society
  • Contracted tuberculosis and, hoping to recuperate
    in a warmer climate, moved to Italy where he died
    shortly after.

15
  • John Keats wrote Here lies one whose name was
    writ in water.

16
She Walks in Beauty by Lord Byron
  • This sonnet vividly describes a womans beauty,
    capturing its essential power and linking it to
    universal images.

17
Ozymandias by Percy Bysshe Shelley
  • This poem provides an ironic comment on human
    pride and ambition. A traveler describes the
    ruins of an ancient statue of a ruler. On its
    base is an arrogant inscription however, what is
    left of the statue stands in an empty desert, for
    the works of Ozymandias have crumbled under the
    onslaught of time and nature.

18
Look on my works, ye Mighty, and despair!
19
Political Commentary
  • Offers opinions on political issues, building
    arguments on evidence and assumptions

20
The Reaction to Societys Ills (Byron and Shelley)
  • Lord Byrons speech to the House of Lords (1817)
    was in defense of workers who had sabotaged
    factory equipment that had put them out of work.
  • Shelleys A Song Men of England (1820) is an
    angry response to news of the growing economic
    suffering and political oppression of the working
    classes in England.

21
Beauty is truth, truth beauty John Keats
  • Keats found in beauty the highest value our
    imperfect world could offer, and he put its
    pursuit at the center of his poetry.
  • He explored the beauty he found in the most
    ordinary circumstances.

22
Ode
  • A lyric poem characterized by heightened emotion,
    that pays respect to a person or thing, usually
    directly addressed by the speaker

23
Keatss Use of the Ode
  • Keats created his own form of the ode, using
    10-line stanzas of iambic pentameter, beginning
    with a heroic quatrain (4 lines rhymed abab)
    followed by a sestet.

24
When I Have Fears That I May Cease to Be by
John Keats
  • The speaker expresses fears that he will not live
    to fulfill his potential. Keats died less than
    three years after he wrote it.

25
Confederate Memorial Carving at Stone Mountain
Park
26
Ode on a Grecian Urn by John Keats
  • Keats comes to an understanding about the nature
    of truth and beauty as he gazes at an ancient
    Greek urn. The scenes, frozen in time, eternally
    beautiful and unchanging, symbolize that the
    urns beauty embodies the eternity of truth.

27
Ode on a Grecian Urn by John Keats
Who addressed What it cant do/be What it can do/be
Stanza II
Stanza III
Stanza IV
28
Thou still unravished bride of quietness Thou
foster child of silence and slow time...
29
Ode to a Nightingale by John Keats
  • Keatss poem is not about or on the nightingale,
    but to the bird. The speaker passes beyond the
    limit of ordinary experience and becomes too
    happy in the experience conveyed in the birds
    song.

30
  • The poem consists of a series of propositions,
    each containing its own rejection as to how the
    speaker might imitate the ease of the song.
    Each time, the speaker is drawn back to his sole
    self, to a preference for poetry as a
    celebration of human life as a process of soul
    making.

31
http//www.freesound.org/samplesViewSingle.php?id
14854
32
  • Reread stanza.
  • Paraphrase it.
  • Describe the speakers mood.
  • Read paraphrases.

33
La Belle Dame Sans Merci by John Keats
  • An unidentified passerby asks the knight what is
    wrong. The knight answers that he has been in
    love with and abandoned by a beautiful lady. But
    what does it mean? What is the meaning of the
    knights experience? Was the knight deluded by
    his beloved, or did he delude himself?

34
(No Transcript)
35
  1. What is the most important word in the
    descriptions of the woman, and why?
  2. Who are the two speakers?
  3. How do the poems images help you visualize the
    knight and the time of year?
  4. Interpret the dream in stanza 10.
  5. What does the knight realize has happened when he
    awakes?
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