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Timeline of the European Union

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Timeline of the European Union So, now that you have a better idea of what the European Union actually is, let s see how the EU has evolved over the years. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Timeline of the European Union


1
Timeline of the European Union
  • So, now that you have a better idea of what the
    European Union actually is, lets see how the EU
    has evolved over the years.
  • Follow through this slideshow to find out about
    significant events in the history of the EU.

2
1946 - 1950
  • Europe needs to recover from the effects of WWII
  • With aid from the United States, European
    countries begin post-war reconstruction.
  • Discussions start about the possibility of
    cooperation between several countries.

3
1951
  • April 18 France, Belgium, the Netherlands,
    Luxembourg, Germany, and Italy (also known as The
    Six), sign the Treaty of Paris.
  • This establishes the European Coal and Steel
    Community (ECSC)
  • Purpose to make decisions about the coal and
    steel industry in these countries.
  • First President Jean Monnet

4
1957
  • The Six signs the Treaties of Rome treaties
    that established the European Economic Community
    (ECC) and the European Atomic Energy Community
    (Euratom)
  • Recap Now there are three European
    communities the ECSC, the EEC, and Euratom.

5
1965
  • April 8 The Six signs the Merger Treaty in
    Brussels
  • The treaty merges the executives of the three
    Communities (the ECSC, ECC, Euratom), giving them
    a Single Commission and Single Council
  • Entered into force 1 July 1967
  • From this point in time on, this web site will
    refer to these three communities as the European
    Community.

6
1973
  • 1 January Denmark, Ireland, and the United
    Kingdom join the European Community
  • Oil crisis affects the European Community

7
1979
  • 13 March The European Monetary System (EMS)
    enters into force. The EMS is based on a European
    currency unit, whose value is based on several
    national currencies, weighted according to the
    relative strength of each.
  • 7-10 June for the first time, the members of the
    European Parliament are selected by direct
    election.

8
1981
  • 1 January Greece joins the European Community

9
1986
  • 1 January Spain and Portugal join the European
    Community
  • 17 28 February The Single European Act is
    signed (to come into force 1 July 1987). The SEA
    is a wide revision of the 1957 Treaties of Rome,
    and includes issues such as the single market.

10
1989
  • 9 November the Berlin Wall opens. East Germans
    can now travel to West Germany via Berlin.

11
1990
  • 19 June The Schengen Agreement is signed. This
    abolishes border checks between participating
    member states of the European Communities.
  • 3 October Germany is reunited.

12
1992
  • The Maastricht Treaty on the European Union is
    signed (to enter into fforce on 1 November 1993).
    The basic components are
  • a common foreign security policy
  • Closer cooperation on justice and home affairs
  • Creation of an economic and monetary union

13
1993
  • 1 January The Single Market is created

14
1995
  • 1 January Austria, Finland, and Sweden join the
    European Union.

15
1997
  • 2 October The Amsterdam Treaty is signed (to
    come into force 1 May 1999). This treaty gives
    the EU new powers and responsibilities.

16
1999
  • 1 January The Euro replaces the currencies of 11
    EU countries (Austria, Belgium, Finland, France,
    Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the
    Netherlands, Portugal and Spain). This single
    currency is first launched on the money markets.
  • Greece eventually joins these Euro countries.

17
2001
  • 26 February To prepare the EUs decision making
    system for enlargement, the Treaty of Nice is
    signed (to come into force 1 February 2003).

18
2002
  • 1 January The Euro (bank notes and coins) comes
    into circulation in the Euro area countries.
  • 31 May The 15 EU member states ratify the Kyoto
    Protocol, which calls for worldwide reduction of
    air pollution.

19
2004
  • 1 May Ten new states join the European Union
    Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary,
    Latvia,, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and
    Slovenia

20
2007
  • 1 January Romania and Bulgaria join the European
    Union, bringing the total number of member states
    to 27!
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