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Safety and Health Programs

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Arial Arial Narrow Wingdings Arial Black Times New Roman 1_Custom Design 2_Custom Design ClipArt Safety and Health Programs Brainstorm Benefits of Effective Safety ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Safety and Health Programs


1
Safety and Health Programs
  • MODULE 7

2
Brainstorm
  • What makes a good safety and health program?
  • What does a good program do for you?

3
Benefits of Effective Safety and Health Programs
  • Reduce injuries illnesses
  • Improve morale productivity
  • Reduce workers compensation costs
  • Show good faith efforts

4
Exemplary Workplaces
  • Assign responsibility to managers, supervisors,
    and workers
  • Inspect regularly to control hazards
  • Train employees to recognize and avoid hazards
  • Provide systematic policies, procedures and
    practices

5
Safety and Health Program Guidelines
  • Systematic policies and procedures
  • Recognize hazards
  • Protect employees
  • Address all hazards
  • Beyond law
  • Including hazards caused by change
  • More important to be effective than written
  • Guidelines available from OSHA

6
Major Elements
  • Management commitment employee involvement
  • Worksite analysis
  • Hazard prevention control
  • Safety and health training

7
Management Commitment / Employee Involvement
8
Management Commitment and Employee Involvement
  • Management
  • Regards worker safety and health as a fundamental
    value
  • Applies commitment to safety and health equally
    with other objectives
  • Employees
  • Develop and express own commitment to safety for
    selves and others

9
Management Commitment
  • Management provides
  • Motivation/Leadership
  • Resources
  • Policy Statement
  • Clear Goals Objectives
  • Employees commit to safety for selves and
    co-workers

10
Management Commitment
  • Demonstrated by
  • Being visibly involved at all levels
  • Leading by example
  • Assigning responsibilities and accountability at
    all levels
  • Providing authority and resources to those
    responsible
  • Communicating program goals
  • Leading periodic reviews

11
Employee Involvement
  • Active roles
  • Workplace inspections
  • Hazard analysis
  • Developing safe work rules
  • Training coworkers and new hires
  • Loss or Near Loss investigations
  • New equipment purchase / design / use
  • Participating in program review

12
Supervisor Responsibilities
  • Analyze work
  • to identify potential hazards in area of
    responsibility
  • Maintain physical protections in work areas
  • Reinforce employee training
  • performance feedback
  • enforcement of safe work practices

13
Worksite Analysis
14
Worksite Analysis
  • Examine the worksite and identify
  • Existing hazards
  • Conditions operations where changes might occur
    to create hazards
  • Analyze the work worksite to anticipate
    prevent harmful occurrences

15
Comprehensive Survey
  • Conduct a comprehensive baseline survey
  • Job Hazard Analysis
  • Who may help you
  • OSHA Consultation Program
  • Insurance companies
  • Consultants

16
Safety Health Inspections
  • Conduct regular site inspections
    (usually weekly)
  • Establish daily work area inspection procedures
  • Develop use a checklist
  • Provide a reliable hazard reporting system
  • Employees notify management
  • No fear of reprisal
  • Timely appropriate responses

17
Additional Worksite Analysis
  • Investigate accidents near misses
  • Identify causes means for prevention
  • Analyze injury illness trends
  • Identify prevent common cause patterns

18
Hazard Prevention Control
19
Hazard Prevention Control
  • Recognition
  • Determine that a hazard or potential hazard
    exists
  • Elimination
  • Where feasible, prevent hazards by effective
    design of job or jobsite
  • Control
  • If the hazard cannot be eliminated, use hazard
    controls
  • Eliminate or control hazards in a timely manner

20
Hazard Prevention Control
  • Hierarchy of controls
  • Engineering controls
  • Administrative controls
  • Personal protective equipment (PPE)

21
Engineering Controls
  • Remove Employee from Hazard
  • Guards
  • Barriers
  • Work Area Design

22
Administrative Controls
  • Procedures
  • Rotation
  • Breaks
  • Relief Workers

23
Personal Protective Equipment
  • Third line of defense relies on
  • Correct choice of equipment
  • Correct usage
  • Replacement and maintenance
  • Awareness of when and why necessary

24
Hazard Prevention Planning
  • Facility equipment maintenance
  • Emergency planning
  • Training drills as needed
  • Medical program
  • First aid on site
  • Physician emergency care nearby

25
Safety Health Training
26
Safety Health Training
  • Address Safety Health responsibilities of all
    personnel
  • Incorporate it into other training job
    performance/practice

27
Safety Health Orientation
  • Employees must understand
  • Hazards they may be exposed to
  • Employee safety and health responsibilities
  • Operating procedures and safeguards
  • Exits and emergency procedures
  • Orientation training must be given to
  • site workers
  • contract workers

28
Safety Health Training
  • Documentation where required
  • Reinforcing employee training
  • Continual feedback
  • Refresher training as needed

29
Safety Health Program Resources
30
Resources Available
  • OSHA Safety Health Management Guidelines
    (Appendix A)
  • Small Business Handbook
  • Sample safety health programs
  • Compliance Assistance Quick Start
  • Customize and apply to your situation!
  • OSHA Consultation (OSHCON)

31
Related OSHA Programs
32
OSHA Programs
  • Alliances
  • Strategic Partnerships
  • VPP
  • OSHA Consultation
  • SHARP

33
Alliances
  • Organizations committed to workplace safety and
    health
  • Collaborate with OSHA to prevent injuries and
    illnesses in the workplace
  • Reach out to, educate, and lead the nation's
    employers and their employees in improving and
    advancing workplace safety and health.

34
Benefits of an Alliance
  • Build trusting, cooperative relationships with
    OSHA
  • Network with others committed to workplace safety
    and health
  • Leverage resources to maximize worker safety and
    health protection
  • Gain recognition as proactive leaders in safety
    and health

35
How Alliances Work
  • OSHA and organization define, implement and meet
    short and long-term goals from three categories
  • Training and education
  • Outreach and communication
  • Promote the National Dialogue on Workplace Safety
    and Health

36
Getting Started with Alliances
  • National alliances
  • Office of Outreach Services and Alliances (202)
    693-2340
  • Regional or local alliances
  • OSHA regional office
  • Region VI contacts link
  • State plan alliances also exist

37
OSHA Strategic Partnerships(OSPP)
  • Extended, voluntary, cooperative relationship
  • Groups of employers, employees, and employee
    representatives
  • May have 1 business or many stakeholders
  • Common goal
  • Plans for achieving goal
  • Cooperation in implementation
  • Most are small businesses lt50 workers

38
OSHA Strategic Partnerships
  • Many focus on Strategic Plan areas of concern
  • Areas of Emphasis
  • Including Oil and Gas Field Services
  • Targeted Areas and High Incident/Severity Areas

39
Elements of Partnerships
  • Must either
  • Implement effective workplace safety and health
    management system or
  • address a specific hazard
  • Core elements required include
  • Goals, strategies, performance measures
  • Evaluation and OSHA verification

40
Getting Started with Partnerships
  • Contact OSHA
  • National or regional contact information
  • Identify goals, strategies, measures
  • Identify partners
  • Draft and submit application

41
Voluntary Protection Program (VPP)
  • Recognizes exemplary safety and health programs
  • Cooperation management, labor, OSHA
  • Site with comprehensive safety and health
    management system implemented
  • Removes routine inspections
  • 13 VPP Star sites in SIC 13

42
VPP Process
  • Application and SH program review
  • Written program and onsite implementation
  • Review by OSHA and SGE
  • Levels available
  • Star exemplary, self-sufficient, safer than
    average evaluations every 3-5 years
  • Merit potential to meet Star within 3 years
    evaluations every 18-24 months
  • Star Demonstration

43
VPP Innovations
  • Special Government Employees (SGE)
  • Volunteers from other VPP sites
  • Work with OSHA on onsite evaluations
  • Mentoring
  • Matching current and potential VPP sites
  • Safety and Health Management course

44
OSHA Consultation
  • Separate from compliance inspectors
  • Free, confidential services
  • Recognition of potential hazards
  • Suggest methods and resources for solutions
  • Help with safety and health program
  • Written report
  • Training/education

45
OSHA Consultation
  • Operated by states
  • Obligation commitment to correcting serious
    hazards
  • Plan / schedule to control serious hazards
  • Benefit possible one-year exclusion from
    programmed inspections
  • No results reported to inspectors

46
Safety and Health Achievement Recognition Program
(SHARP)
  • Operated by Consultation
  • Small employers with exemplary safety and health
    management systems
  • Exemption from programmed inspections for 1 year
  • Renewable for 1-2 years with evaluations

47
Getting Started with SHARP
  • Request a consultation visit and survey
  • Involve employees
  • Correct hazards identified
  • Maintain safety and health program meeting 1989
    guidelines
  • Lower injury/illness and lost workday rates below
    national average
  • Notify consultation office before changes
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