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History of Judaism

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... is jealous of Hagar and kicks them out into the desert. Ishmael ... As was the Canaanite custom, Abraham was about to sacrifice his son Isaac to El Shaddai. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: History of Judaism


1
History of Judaism
2
Religions of the World
3
Judaism in the Middle East
  • Pre-jewish history begins with the story of the
    Patriarchs, 4000 to 5000 years ago
  • Abraham, Isaac and Jacob
  • Abram (Abraham) was originally from Ur, a city in
    Mesopotamia (modern day Iraq)
  • No one know exactly when he lived, but scholars
    estimate somewhere between 2000 and 2500 BCE

4
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5
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6
Abraham
  • Name means father of the multitude.
  • Upon a call (vision) from God, he and Sarah left
    Ur and headed west.

7
Patriarchs
  • Abraham settled in an area north of the land of
    Canaan (modern day Israel and Turkey.
  • Abraham worshipped the god El Shaddai (god of the
    mountains)
  • Native Canaanites worshipped a god called El.
    They worshipped thorugh animal and human
    sacrifices of the first born.

8
Isaac
  • After being barren until the age of 90, Sarah
    gives birth to a son, Isaac.
  • Isaac is not Abrahams first born. Ishmael was
    born to Hagaar, Sarahs servant.
  • Sarah is jealous of Hagar and kicks them out into
    the desert.

9
Ishmael and Hagar
  • Hagar and her young son Ishmael survive the
    desert and travel to Arabia.
  • Ishmael becomes the patriarch of the future
    religion of Islam.

10
Human Sacrifice?
  • As was the Canaanite custom, Abraham was about to
    sacrifice his son Isaac to El Shaddai.
  • Stopped by an angel, Isaacs life is spared, and
    Abraham shows his faithfulness to God.
  • Islam says that the devil stopped Abrahams hand
    and that he disobeyed God.

11
Twelve Brothers Patriarchs of the 12 tribes of
Israel
  • One of these is Joseph, sold into slavery because
    his brothers were jealous of his new coat.
  • Joseph ends up in Egypt and becomes an
    interpreter of dreams for the Pharaoh
  • Within 20 years, Joseph rises to the top of
    Egyptian government.

12
Egypt
  • Joseph brings his brothers and father to Egypt.
    Their descendants live in Egypt for the next 400
    years.
  • The become known as the Hebrews
  • Over time, the become enslaved by the Egyptians?

13
Moses
  • Moses leads Hebrews out of Egypt in the Exodus
  • Moses is a prophet
  • Moses receives the Ten Commandments
  • Moses is said to have written the Torah, the
    sacred Jewish text (first five books of the
    Christian Bible)

14
Joshua
  • After they leave Egypt, the Hebrews wander in the
    desert (Sinai) for 40 years.
  • Moses dies before he reaches the promised land.
  • Joshua leads the Hebrews into Canaan (modern
    Israel).

15
King David
  • David lived around 1000 to 900 BCE.
  • Much loved king of Israel.
  • Warrior and musician, he is said to have written
    many of the psalms.
  • Brought the religious and political capital to
    Israel to Jerusalem.

16
King Solomon
  • Davids son Solomon became king after him.
  • Solomon built the first Temple in Jerusalem
  • Had over 700 wives and concubines

17
Judah
  • After Solomon, discord enters twelve tribes.
    They split, and only Judahs tribes survive.
  • Judahs descendants are conquered by Babylon and
    deported.

18
Persia and Zoraster
  • While Jews were in Persia (Babylon), they were
    influenced by the local religion, Zorastrianism.
  • Here, the concepts of Satan, heaven and hell, and
    end times (cosmic battle of good and eveil)
    enter Jewish thought.

19
Second Temple
  • In 520 BCE, Jews were allowed to return to
    Jerusalem and rebuild their Temple.
  • During this time, the Hebrew scriptures were
    assembled, edited, and commentary was added.

20
Jewish Diaspora
  • In 70 CE (AD), the second Temple was destroyed by
    the Romans. Jewish uprisings were brutally put
    down.
  • Jews fled to Spain, Eastern Europe and Baghdad.
    This is known as the Diaspora.

21
Messianic Hope
  • Since Jews had no country of their own, there
    became a hope, a movement, that someday Israel
    would again rise and be lead by a great king and
    spiritual leadera messiah.
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