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Title:

Second Language Acquisition

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Second Language Acquisition Preproduction Early Production Speech Emergence Intermediate Fluency Continued Language Development Second Language Acquisition The ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Second Language Acquisition


1
Second Language Acquisition
  • Preproduction
  • Early Production
  • Speech Emergence
  • Intermediate Fluency
  • Continued Language Development

2
Second Language Acquisition
  • The process of language acquisition is lengthy.
    Students move through five stages while
    developing English language proficiency.

3
Preproduction
  • Students observe and internalize the new
    language. They use gestures, pointing and
    nodding to communicate.

4
Early Production
  • Students continue to acquire English and they use
    language patterns, yes/no responses and single
    words to communicate.

5
Speech Emergence
  • Students begin to use simple sentences. At this
    stage they may begin to initiate discussion.

6
Intermediate Fluency
  • Students are fairly comfortable in social
    language situations. They state opinions and ask
    for clarification.

7
Continued Language Development
  • Students participate in classroom activities with
    additional support for comprehension, academic
    language and cultural information.

8
Factors that determine progression
  • Prior knowledge
  • Cultural background
  • Reason for immigration
  • Personality
  • Previous schooling
  • Literacy in first language
  • Proficiency in first language

9
What the research says
  • Research shows that children learn social
    language skills much sooner than the academic
    language skills. Although children may seem at
    first not to understand what is going on in the
    classroom, they are actually transferring
    concepts and language structure.

10
Silent Period
  • In the first months, children will go through a
    silent period where they may not produce
    language but will be listening and internalizing
    English language structure.
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