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Comparison

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COMPARISON & CONTRAST The Riverside Reader When you come in Grab a book! Read: Two Views of the River by Mark Twain pp.159-162 Consider: What does Twain ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Comparison


1
Comparison Contrast
  • The Riverside Reader

2
When you come in
  • Grab a book!
  • Read Two Views of the River by Mark Twain
    pp.159-162
  • Consider
  • What does Twain accomplish by dividing the two
    views of the river than alternating them beneath
    several headings?
  • Which attitude poetic or pragmatic does Twain
    anticipate his readers have toward the river?
    Explain your answer.
  • Where does Twain use transition phrases and
    sentences to match up the parts of his comparison?

3
Mark Twains Two Views of the River.
  • Create a chart that demonstrates at least five
    differences in the apprentices and the pilots
    views of the river.

Apprentice Pilot
Ex. The river itself the grace, the beauty, the poetry I looked upon it without rapture.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
4
Comparison Contrast Background
  • Compare look for similarities
  • Contrast look for differences

5
Purpose
  • Analyze similarities differences in a
    systematic, useful way that brings out
    significant differences
  • Strict comparison
  • Compare only things that are truly alike (actors
    with actors, musicians with musicians, but not
    actors with musicians)
  • Make a judgment, and finally a choice
  • Fanciful comparison
  • Set up an imaginative, illuminating comparison
    between two things that dont seem at all alike
  • Helps clarify a complex idea

6
Fanciful Comparison Pitfalls
  • Constructing an entire essay using a fanciful
    comparison can quickly breakdown.
  • Use this method most effectively as a device for
    enlivening your writing and highlighting dramatic
    similarities.
  • Probably wont be using to make judgments or
    recommend choices
  • Capture readers attention and show new
    connections

7
Audience
  • Think about what your readers already know and
    what theyre going to expect
  • A lot about both (two popular TV shows)
  • Spend a little time pointing out similarities and
    concentrate on making the comparison
  • Very little about either (Buddhism Shintoism)
  • Define each, using concepts audience is familiar
    with, then point out important contrasts
  • A lot about one and a little about the other
    (football rugby)
  • Use the known to explain the unknown
  • Keep the essay balanced (not 90 on Buddhism and
    10 on Shintoism)

8
Strategies
  • Divided, or subject-by-subject, pattern
  • Present all info on one topic before you bring in
    info on the other topic
  • Benefits lets you present each part of essay as
    a satisfying whole especially good in short
    essays
  • Drawbacks sometimes writers slip into writing
    what seems like two separate essays in long
    essays, writers may have trouble organizing
    material clearly enough to keep readers on track
  • Alternating, or point-by-point, pattern
  • Work your way through the comparison point by
    point, giving information first on one aspect of
    the topic, then on the other
  • Benefits shows subjects side by side,
    emphasizing the points youre comparing good
    for longer essays to show many complex points to
    help readers see how those points match up
  • Drawback if used on a simple topic in a short
    essay, it will sound choppy and disconnected,
    like a list

9
Strategies (contd)
  • COMBINE strategies to make the best of both
    worlds.
  • Guidelines
  • Balance parts
  • Include reminders
  • Supply reasons

10
Points to Remember
  1. Decide whether you want the pattern of your
    comparison to focus on complete units (divided)
    or specific features (alternating).
  2. Consider the possibility of combining the two
    patterns.
  3. Determine which subject should be placed in the
    first position and why.
  4. Arrange the points of your comparison in a
    logical, balanced, and dramatic sequence.
  5. Make sure you introduce and clarify the reasons
    for making your comparison.

11
Homework
  • Read Deborah Tannens Rapport-Talk and
    Report-Talk pp.174-187
  • Answer the questions that follow (also available
    on next slide).

12
Read Deborah Tannens Rapport-Talk and
Report-Talk
  • Purpose
  • What does Tannen want to demonstrate about the
    relationship between communication failure and
    conversational style?
  • How do size (the number of people) and status
    (those people claiming authority) contribute to
    Tannens comparison of rapport-talk and
    report-talk?
  • Audience
  • What assumptions does Tannen make about the
    probable gender of most of her readers?
  • How does Tannen assume her audience can benefit
    from her analysis?
  • Strategies
  • How does Tannen use advice columns, movies, and
    cartoons to illustrate the problems of domestic
    communication?
  • How does Tannen use her own experience as a
    lecturer to compare the way men and women talk in
    public?
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