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What is Health and What is Health Psychology

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What is Health and What is Health Psychology Chapter 1 Current Western Conception Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: What is Health and What is Health Psychology


1
What is Health and What is Health Psychology
  • Chapter 1

2
Current Western Conception
  • Health is a state of complete physical, mental
    and social well-being, and not merely the absence
    of disease or infirmity

3
What is Health Psychology?
  • The study of individual behaviors and lifestyles
    affecting a persons physical health.
  • Disease prevention and Treatment
  • Identification of risks
  • System improvement
  • Shaping opinion

4
Why Do This?
  • Changing Patterns of Disease and Death
  • Escalating Costs of Health Care
  • Evolving View of Health

5
Leading causes of death, United States, 1900.
6
Leading causes of death, United States, 2000
7
Per capita health expenditures, U.S., 1960 to
1998.
8
Estimated Contributions of Different Factors to
Health Status
9
Evolving view of Health/Disease
  • Past Conceptualizations of Health
  • Medical Model
  • Biopsychosocial Approach
  • Public Health Model

10
Health Through History
11
Medical Model
  • Disease is organic
  • Began with ancient Greeks
  • Humoral Theory
  • Solidified w/Germ Theory (Pasteur, 1860s)
  • Single cause
  • Health is the absence of disease
  • Physical treatments are optimal

12
Biopsychosocial Model
13
Public Health Model
AGENT
HOST
AGENT Viruses, Germs, Drugs, Alcohol,
Toxins HOST The Individual. Genetic and
Developmental Factors ENVIRONMENT The Context.
Access, exposure, norms, laws
ENVIRONMENT
14
Example HIV/AIDS
  • AGENT HIV Virus
  • HOST Homosexual males. Injection Drug User
  • ENVIRONMENT Norms supporting unprotected sex.
    Type of sex. Lack of access to clean needles.

15
Example - Cancer
  • AGENT Environmental toxins. Cigarette smoke
  • HOST Genetic make-up. Suppression of emotion.
    Dietary practice. Smoker.
  • ENVIRONMENT Regulations. Taxes. Norms about
    smoking.

16
Disciplines within Health Psychology
  • Psychosomatic Medicine
  • Organized as a field in 1930s
  • Medicine
  • Examines the relationship between emotions and
    illness
  • Behavioral Medicine
  • 1970s
  • Interdisciplinary
  • Rooted in learning theory
  • Focus is on behavior contributions to medical
    illness
  • Behavioral Health
  • Prevention focused
  • Behavioral contribution to health and illness
    prevention
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