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EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

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What Does a Young Child Need? What is the Caregiver s Role? Lessons That Last Caregiver Hints Developmental RED FLAG ALERTS Early Childhood Programs – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION


1
EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION
  • What Does a Young Child Need?
  • What is the Caregivers Role?
  • Lessons That Last
  • Caregiver Hints
  • Developmental RED FLAG ALERTS
  • Early Childhood Programs
  • Early Childhood Resources
  • Car Seat Information

2
What Does a Young Child Need?
  • EVERYTHING
  • Assistance to meet
  • Physical Needs
  • Food
  • Clothing
  • Cleanliness
  • Shelter
  • Safety / protection
  • Play
  • Emotional Needs
  • Security
  • Care
  • Nurturance
  • Love
  • Hope
  • Social Needs
  • Interact with caregiver and others, including
    children the same age
  • Opportunity to play with others

3
What Does a Young Child Need? continued
  • Psychological Needs
  • Know he/she is important to the caregiver
  • Learn who he/she is
  • Develop a positive self esteem
  • Cognitive Needs
  • Read to the child
  • Build language skills. Talk with the child, even
    when they are too young to know all you are
    saying.
  • Play with the child

4
What is the Role of the Caregiver?
  • The caregiver is the significant person who meets
    the childs needs on an ongoing basis.
  • Provides love, care, and nurturance for the
    child.
  • Makes sure the child is safe
  • and healthy.
  • Engages the child in play, conversation,
    singing, and activities that expand learning.

5
Lessons that Last a Lifetime
  • Young children learn from infancy about the
    world.
  • Many of the lessons are taught by the caregiver.
  • Some of these lessons relate to...

6
TRUST The Infant Knows His/Her Needs will be Met
  • It is vital to babies under one year to develop a
    sense of trust knowing the caregiver will meet
    their needs.
  • Trust is born from having the babys needs met by
    a consistent caregiver.

7
INDEPENDENCEThe Young Child Explores and Learns
What He/She Can Do
  • The caregiver provides a safe environment with
    supervision and encouragement for the child to
    explore.
  • Exercise their will and learn self-control.
  • Desires to test independence.
  • Walking is step toward independence...

8
INITIATIVEYoung Child Takes Action When He/She
Feels Capable and Confident to Do New Things
  • Preschoolers begin to imagine
  • Learn skills through play
  • Increase in ability to follow directions
  • Gain new skills
  • Feel capable to learn

9
Caregiver Hints
  • Things to do together
  • Talk (even to a baby)
  • Read books daily
  • Play with blocks, balls, trikes, puppets, and
    more
  • Draw (big crayons)
  • Teach a song
  • HAVE FUN...

10
Developmental RED FLAG ALERTS
  • Refers to behavioral indicators that show that a
    child is not developing at a normal range. These
    behaviors are areas of concern when they are seen
    consistently over a period of time.

Some children are early bloomers and others
may be delayed in some areas but still within
the normal range of development.
11
Developmental RED FLAG ALERTS
  • Infants under 6 months
  • Failure to gain weight
  • Unable to make eye contact or follow objects
  • Failure to hold head up
  • Failure to hold on with hands
  • No response to loud sounds
  • Failure to show anticipatory behavior at feeding
  • Lack of interest in social stimuli
  • Does not grasp or reach for objects
  • Tight muscles or muscles appear stiff

12
Developmental RED FLAG ALERTS
  • Infants 9 to 12 months -
  • Does not gain weight
  • Lack of affect
  • Not able to say single words, such as mama
  • Does not look at caregiver for social cues or
    comfort
  • Does not crawl
  • Cannot stand when supported
  • Does not use gestures, such as waving or shaking
    head
  • Drags one side of body while crawling (for over
    one month)
  • Does not search for object that are hidden while
    s/he watches

13
Developmental RED FLAG ALERTS
  • Toddler 18 to 24 months-
  • No speech
  • Excessive body rocking
  • Sleep disturbance
  • Out of the ordinary play
  • Withholding and other bowel problems
  • Retarded development or persistent regression

14
Developmental RED FLAG ALERTS
  • Three-Year-Olds -
  • Frequent falling and difficulty with stairs
  • Persistent drooling or very unclear speech
  • Inability to build a tower of more than four
    blocks
  • Difficulty manipulating small objects
  • Inability to communicate in three word sentences
  • No involvement in pretend play
  • Little interest in other children

15
Developmental RED FLAG ALERTS
  • Four-Year-Olds -
  • Cannot throw a ball overhand
  • Cannot jump in place
  • Cannot grasp a crayon between thumb and finger
  • Has difficulty scribbling
  • Shows no interest in interactive games
  • Ignores other children
  • Resists dressing, sleeping, using the toilet
  • Does not use sentences of more than three words
  • Cannot copy a circle
  • Lashes out with no self control whenever angry or
    upset

16
Developmental RED FLAG ALERTS
  • Five-Year-Olds -
  • Extremely fearful or timid
  • Extremely aggressive
  • Easily distracted and unable to concentrate on a
    single activity for more than five minutes
  • Shows little interest in playing with other
    children
  • Severely unhappy or sad much of the time
  • Seems unusually passive
  • Cannot talk about daily activities
  • Has trouble taking off clothing
  • Cannot wash and dry his/her hands

17
What to Do When Red Flag Alerts are Noted?
  • Have the young child evaluated by the childs
    pediatrician.
  • Obtain input from the childcare center
    professional.
  • Request a developmental assessment.

18
Early Childhood Education ProgramsComponents of
Quality Childcare Programs
  • Care center is licensed
  • Care provider is caring and focused on the needs
    of every child
  • Number and ages of children allow for good
    childcare practice
  • Area is clean and SAFE
  • Foods are nutritious
  • Equipment is appropriate to care for the childs
    age
  • Toys and activities are appropriate for the
    childs development
  • A routine is established for rest and play

19
Early Childhood Programs
  • HEAD START
  • Federally funded to serve children 3.9 years
  • Some communities have programs beginning for
    young children as early as 18-24 months.
  • Services available at NO COST
  • 3.5 hour daily programs - Monday through Friday
  • Lunch and snacks provided

20
Features of HEAD START Programs
  • Assessment screening for special needs
  • Speech therapy
  • Developmental milestones, etc.
  • Emphasis on school readiness
  • Literacy Development
  • Field trips
  • Provide family support services
  • In home visits
  • Parenting classes
  • Individual Education Plan developed for each
    child
  • Assistance transition to a new school

21
Early Childhood Resources
  • Developmental Milestones Guide http//eww.lakids.g
    ov/dcfs/DrugTesting/milestones/MLSTONES20BLUE.htm
  • Early Head Start -National Resource Center
    http//www.ehsnrc.org/AboutUs/Index.htm
  • Head Start Programs http//www.lacoe.edu/lacoeweb/
    orgs/201/index.cfm Los Angeles County Site
    Locator http//nas.lacoe.edu/head_start2/
  • Department of Children and Family Services Public
    Website
  • http//dcfs.co.la.ca.us/Internet_Site/OpenPage.as
    p

22
ALL YOUNG CHILDREN MUST BE BUCKLED IN A CAR
SEATfor EVERY RIDE
  • Birth - 1 year, under 22 pounds must be in
    rear-facing child safety seat, 5-point belt
    harness is best
  • 1 to 6 years of age, under 60 pounds,
    forward-facing child safety seat, 5-point belt
    harness is best
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