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Biological Anthropology

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Biological Anthropology Introduction to Biological Anthropology What is Anthropology? Anthropo from the Greek anthropos - meaning man; man-faced ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Biological Anthropology


1
Biological Anthropology
  • Introduction to Biological Anthropology

2
What is Anthropology?
  • Anthropo
  • logy
  • from the Greek
  • anthropos - ?????p??
  • meaning man man-faced a human being
  • from the Greek
  • legein - ????
  • meaning to speak

3
The Study of or Science of
  • bios logy the study of bios (life)
  • geo logy the study of geo (earth)
  • psykhe ology the study of psykhe (breath,
    spirit, soul)
  • theos logy the study of theos (God)

4
Four-Field Anthropology
  • Cultural Anthropology
  • Archaeology
  • Linguistic Anthropology
  • Biological (or Physical) Anthropology

5
Cultural Anthropology
  • Focuses on the role culture plays in human life
  • Culture is
  • Learned by individuals as they grow up within a
    group
  • Passed on from generation to generation
  • The primary means by which humans adapt
  • Constantly changing

6
Three Components of Culture
  • Material
  • Behavioral
  • Ideational

Nepali Mother and Child (1995)
7
Archaeology
  • Focuses on human life in the past
  • Humans of the past
  • Relied on their cultures to adapt
  • Shared many common features with recent and
    modern humans
  • Saw their cultures change as a result of the same
    processes that change cultures today

8
Linguistic Anthropology
  • Focuses on the role language plays in human life
  • Language is
  • Learned by individuals as they grow up within a
    group
  • Passed on from generation to generation
  • The primary means by which a human learns his/her
    culture
  • Constantly changing

9
Biological Anthropology(akaPhysical
Anthropology)
  • Focuses on humans as biological organisms
  • Biological organisms
  • Have similar features and needs
  • Are the products of evolutionary and
    environmental forces
  • Are genetically unique

10
Four-Field Anthropology
  • Cultural Anthropology
  • Archaeology
  • Linguistic Anthropology
  • Biological (or Physical) Anthropology
  • Applied Anthropology(aka the fifth field)

the cultural fields
the biological field
making it relevant
11
Biological Anthropology
  • Links the study of humans as individualswho live
    in societies to the fact that we areanimals who
    live in groups
  • An explicitly scientific field
  • ? uses the tools of biology and other sciences

12
The Six Steps to Humanness
  • 4. speech
  • 5. hunting
  • 6. domesticated foods
  • 1. bipedalism
  • 2. non-honing canine
  • 3. material culture and stone tools
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