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Psychological Therapies

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... (Person) Centered Therapy Developed by Carl Rogers Active Listening Central to Roger s client-centered therapy Behavior Therapies Therapy that applies ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Psychological Therapies


1
Psychological Therapies
2
Psychotherapy
  • An interaction between a trained therapist and
    someone suffering from psychological difficulties.

3
Eclectic Approach
  • The most popular form of therapy- it is basically
    a smorgasbord where the therapist combines
    techniques from different schools of psychology.

4
Psychoanalysis
  • Freud's therapy.
  • Freud used free association, hypnosis and dream
    interpretation to gain insight into the clients
    unconscious.

5
Psychoanalytic Methods
  • Psychotherapists use their techniques to overcome
    resistance by the client.
  • The psychoanalyst wants you to become aware of
    the resistance and together interpret (ex. Latent
    content) its underlying meaning.

6
Transference
  • In psychoanalysis, the patients transfer to the
    analyst of emotions linked with other
    relationships.

7
Humanistic Therapy
  • Focuses of peoples potential for
    self-fulfillment (self-actualization).
  • Focus on the present and future (not the past).
  • Focus on conscious thoughts (not unconscious
    ones).
  • Take responsibility for you actions- instead of
    blaming childhood anxieties.

8
Client (Person) Centered Therapy
Most widely used Humanistic technique is
  • Developed by Carl Rogers
  • Therapist should use genuineness, acceptance and
    empathy to show unconditional positive regard
    towards their clients.

9
Active Listening
  • Central to Rogers client-centered therapy
  • Empathetic listening where the listener echoes,
    restates and clarifies.

10
Behavior Therapies
  • Therapy that applies learning principles to the
    elimination of unwanted behaviors.
  • The behaviors are the problems- so we must change
    the behaviors.

11
Classical Conditioning Techniques
  • Counterconditioning
  • A behavioral therapy that conditions new
    responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted
    behaviors.

Two Types
12
Systematic Desensitization
  • A type of counterconditioning that associates a
    pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing
    anxiety-triggering stimuli.

How would I use systematic desensitization to
reduce my fear of old women?
13
Systematic Desensitization
  • Progressive Relaxation

Exposure Therapy
Flooding
14
Virtual Technology Exposure Therapy
15
Aversive Conditioning
  • A type of counterconditioning that associates an
    unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior.

How would putting poop on the fingernails of a
nail biter effect their behavior?
16
Aversive Conditioning
17
Aversive Conditioning
  • What are some ways you can change the behaviors
    of your friends with aversive conditioning?

18
Operant Conditioning
  • Token Economy an operant conditioning procedure
    that rewards a desired behavior.

A patient exchanges a token of some sort, earned
for exhibiting the desired behavior, for various
privileges or treats.
19
Cognitive Therapy
20
Cognitive Therapies
  • A therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive
    ways of thinking and acting based on the
    assumptions that thoughts intervene between
    events and our emotional reactions.

21
Cognitive Therapy
  • Cognitive Therapists try to teach people new,
    more constructive ways of thinking.

Is .300 a good or bad batting average?
22
Cognitive Therapy
23
Aaron Beck and his view of Depression
  • Noticed that depressed people were similar in the
    way they viewed the world.
  • Used cognitive therapy get people to take off the
    dark sunglasses in which they view their
    surroundings

24
Cognitive Therapy- Does It Work?
25
Group Therapies
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