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Materials Handling


Materials Handling MODULE 18 ... or precautions listed in the operator's manual 1910.178(l)(3) Training program content Workplace-related topics: ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Materials Handling

Materials Handling
  • MODULE 18

Materials Handling on Oil and Gas Sites
  • What materials are handled?
  • What machines are used to handle them?
  • What precautions are taken to avoid accidents and

  • 29 CFR 1910 Subpart N
  • 29 CFR 1926 Subparts H and N
  • API RP 54, 4G, 9B
  • ANSI B56.6 for forklifts
  • Crane standards for derricks?
  • RP 54 and general duty clause
  • Look at application for each crane standard

Materials Handling and Storage
  • 29 CFR 1910 SUBPART N

Organization of Subpart N
  • 1910.176 - Handling materials - general
  • 1910.177 - Servicing multi-piece and single piece
    rim wheels
  • 1910.178 - Powered industrial trucks
  • 1910.178 App A Stability of powered industrial
    trucks (non-mandatory)
  • 1910.179 - Overhead and gantry cranes
  • 1910.180 - Crawler locomotive and truck cranes
  • 1910.181 - Derricks
  • 1910.183 - Helicopters
  • 1910.184 - Slings

1910.176 Handling materials - general
  • Mechanical equipment safe clearances permanent
    passageways marked
  • Housekeeping avoid tripping, fire, explosion,
    or pest harborage hazards
  • Covers or guardrails for open pits, tanks, vats,

1910.176 Handling materials - general
  • Storage must not create a hazard Stable/secure
    against sliding or collapse

1910.177 Servicing multi-piece and single-piece
rim wheels
  • Applies to large vehicles not pickups,
    automobiles, or vans
  • Training
  • Tire servicing equipment
  • Wheel component acceptability
  • Safe operating procedures

Powered Industrial Trucks
  • 29 CFR 1910.178

1910.178 Powered industrial trucks
  • Contains safety requirements relating to
  • Fire protection
  • Design
  • Maintenance
  • Use of fork trucks, tractors, platform lift
    trucks, motorized hand trucks, and other
    specialized industrial trucks powered by electric
    motors or internal combustion engines

1910.178 Powered industrial trucks
  • ANSI B56.1 1969
  • Marking indicating approval by testing laboratory
  • No modifications that affect capacity and safe
    operation without manufacturers prior written
  • Front-end attachments identified
  • Markings maintained legible

1910.178(b) and (c)
  • Designations for industrial trucks by fuel and
    safeguards against ignition source
  • Designated locations where specific types of
    trucks may be used
  • Table N-1

1910.178(e) Safety guards
  • Overhead guards for High Lift Rider trucks if
    operations permit
  • Vertical load backrest extension for types of
    loads that present hazards

1910.178(f) Fuel handling and storage
  • Storing and handling of liquid fuels Follow NFPA
    No. 30-1969
  • Storing and handling of LPG fuel Follow NFPA No.

1910.178(g) Changing and charging storage
  • Battery charging installations located in areas
    designated for that purpose
  • Facilities provided for
  • Flushing and neutralizing spilled electrolyte,
  • For fire protection,
  • For protecting charging apparatus from damage by
    trucks, and
  • For adequate ventilation for dispersal of fumes
    from gassing batteries

1910.178(g) Changing and charging storage
  • Conveyor, overhead hoist, or equivalent provided
    for handling batteries
  • Reinstalled batteries properly positioned and
    secured in the truck

1910.178(g) Changing and charging storage
  • When charging batteries, acid poured into water
    not water poured into acid
  • Trucks properly positioned and brake applied
    before attempting to change or charge batteries
  • Care taken to assure that vent caps are

1910.178(g) Changing and charging storage
  • Smoking prohibited in the charging area
  • Precautions taken to prevent open flames, sparks,
    or electric arcs in battery charging areas
  • Tools and metallic objects kept away from the
    tops of batteries

1910.178(h) and (i)
  • Auxiliary directional lighting on truck if
    lighting lt2 lumens per square foot
  • Control carbon monoxide to levels in 1910.1000

1910.178(k) Trucks and railroad cars
  • Brakes set and wheel chocks placed for highway
    trucks boarded with powered industrial trucks
  • Positive protection to keeptrain cars from
    moving while loading or with dockboards/bridge
  • Fixed jacks for uncoupled semitrailer during

1910.178(l) Operator training
  • Ensure that before employee operates a powered
    industrial truck, operator has completed training
    and evaluation successfully
  • Trainees may operate a powered industrial truck
  • Under direct supervision of persons with the
    knowledge, training, and experience to train
    operators and evaluate their competence and
  • Where such operation does not endanger the
    trainee or other employees.

1910.178(l) Operator training
  • Required
  • Lecture or other formal instruction (computer,
    video tape, written)
  • Practical training (demonstrations and exercises)
  • Evaluation by trainer of operator performance in
  • Refresher training required after certain
    conditions in (4)

1910.178(l)(3) Training program content
  • Truck-related training topics
  • Operating instructions, warnings, and precautions
  • Differences between the truck and the automobile
  • Truck controls and instrumentation
  • where they are located
  • what they do
  • how they work
  • Engine or motor operation
  • Steering and maneuvering
  • Fork and attachment adaptation

1910.178(l)(3) Training program content
  • Truck-related training topics
  • Vehicle capacity
  • Vehicle stability
  • Any vehicle inspection and maintenance that the
    operator will be required to perform
  • Refueling and/or charging and recharging of
  • Operating limitations
  • Operating instructions, warnings, or precautions
    listed in the operator's manual

1910.178(l)(3) Training program content
  • Workplace-related topics
  • Surface conditions
  • Composition of loads and load stability
  • Load manipulation, stacking, and unstacking
  • Pedestrian traffic in areas where the vehicle
    will be operated
  • Ramps and other sloped surfaces that could affect
    the vehicle's stability

1910.178(l) Certification
  • The certification shall include
  • Name of the operator
  • Date of the training
  • Date of the evaluation, and
  • Identity of the person(s)
    performing the training or evaluation
  • Previous training does not need to be repeated if
    operator can operate safely

1910.178(m) Truck operations
  • Trucks never driven up to anyone standing in
    front of a bench or other fixed object
  • No one allowed to stand or pass under the
    elevated portion of any truck,
    whether loaded or empty
  • Unauthorized personnel not permitted to ride on
    powered industrial trucks
  • A safe place to ride provided where riding of
    trucks is authorized

1910.178(m) Truck operations
  • Prohibit arms or legs from being placed between
    the uprights of the mast or outside the running
    lines of the truck
  • When truck left unattended (25 ft. away or out of
  • load engaging means fully lowered
  • controls neutralized
  • power shall be shut off
  • brakes set

1910.178(m) Truck operations
  • Maintain safe distance from edges of ramps or
    platforms while on any elevated location
  • Never use trucks to open or close freight doors
  • Trucks, trailers, and railroad cars Immobilize
    vehicles and check floors for breaks and weakness
    before driving on

1910.178(m) Truck operations
  • Overhead guard as protection against falling
  • Intended to offer protection from the impact of
    small packages, boxes, bagged material, etc.
  • Not intended to withstand the impact of a falling
    capacity load

1910.178(n) Traveling
  • Follow all traffic regulations, including
    authorized speed limits
  • Maintain safe distance approximately three truck
    lengths from the truck ahead
  • Keep truck under control at all times

1910.178(n) Traveling
  • Never pass other trucks traveling in the same
    direction at intersections, blind spots, or other
    dangerous locations
  • Slow down and sound horn at cross aisles and
    other locations where vision is obstructed
  • If the load being carried obstructs forward view,
    travel with the load trailing

1910.178(n) Traveling
  • Ascending or descending grades gt10 drive loaded
    trucks with the load upgrade
  • On all grades the load and load engaging means
    tilted back if applicable, and raised only as far
    as necessary to clear the road surface

Overhead and Gantry Cranes
  • 29 CFR 1910.179

1910.179(b) General Requirements
  • Application cranes with trolleys and other
    characteristics similar to gantry cranes
  • ANSI B30.2.0-1967
  • Rated load marking on each side and legible from
    the floor
  • Operated by designated personnel only

Organization of Standard
  1. Cabs access, controls, location
  2. Footwalks and ladders location, construction,
    walking/working surfaces
  3. Stops, bumpers, rail sweeps, and guards
  4. Brakes
  5. Electric equipment, including controllers

Organization of Standard
  1. Hoisting equipment sheaves, ropes, equalizers,
  2. Warning device
  3. Inspection frequent and periodic
  4. Testing operational and load
  5. Maintenance
  6. Rope inspection

Organization of Standard
  • Handling the load
  • Size
  • Attaching the load
  • Moving the load
  • Hoist limit switch
  • Other requirements ladders, cabs, fire

Crawler, Locomotive, and Truck Cranes
  • 29 CFR 1910.180

1910.180(b) General Requirements
  • Application
  • Crawler cranes, locomotive cranes, wheel mounted
    cranes, used as lifting cranes
  • Both truck and self-propelled wheel type
  • Powered by internal combustion engines or
    electric motors
  • Utilize drums and ropes
  • ANSI B30.5-1968
  • Operated by designated personnel only

Organization of Standard
  1. Load ratings
  2. Inspection classification
  3. Testing
  4. Maintenance procedure General
  5. Rope inspection
  6. Handling the load
  7. Other requirements
  8. Operations near overhead lines

  • 29 CFR 1910.181

1910.181(b) General Requirements
  • Application
  • any modification of these types which retain
    their fundamental features, except for floating
  • ANSI B30.6-1969
  • Operated by designated personnel only

Organization of Standard
  1. Load ratings permanent and nonpermanent
  2. Inspection
  3. Testing
  4. Maintenance
  5. Rope inspection
  6. Operations of derricks
  7. Handling the load
  8. Other requirements

  • 29 CFR 1910.184

  • Used for hoisting of material
  • Alloy steel chain
  • Wire rope
  • Metal mesh
  • Natural or synthetic fiber rope
  • Synthetic web
  • Illustrations in (b)

(c) Safe operating practices
  1. Never use damaged / defective slings
  2. Never shorten slings with makeshift devices
  3. Never use kinked sling legs
  4. Never load slings in excess of rated capacities
  5. Balance loads in basket hitches to prevent

(c) Safe operating practices
  1. Attach slings securely to loads.
  2. Pad / protect slings from sharp edges.
  3. Keep suspended loads clear of obstructions
  4. Keep employees clear of loads to be lifted and
    suspended loads.

(c) Safe operating practices
  1. Never place hands or fingers between sling and
    load while sling is being tightened.
  2. Shock loading is prohibited take up the slack
    in the sling slowly.
  3. Never pull a sling out from under a load while
    the load rests on it.

Organization of Standard
  1. Inspections each day before use and during use
  2. Alloy steel chain slings
  3. Wire rope slings
  4. Metal mesh slings

Construction Standards
  • 29 CFR 1926 Subparts H and N

Applicability of Construction Standards in 29 CFR
  • Subpart H Materials Handling, Storage, Use, and
  • Subpart N Cranes, Derricks, Hoists, Elevators,
    and Conveyors
  • Do construction standards apply
  • To a derrick during drilling operations?
  • To a crane setting up equipment at a site?

Hazards Standards for Oil Gas
  • API RP 54, RP4G, RP9B