Expansion of the United States: The Northwest Ordinance and Louisiana Purchase 1785-1803 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Expansion of the United States: The Northwest Ordinance and Louisiana Purchase 1785-1803

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Expansion of the United States: The Northwest Ordinance and Louisiana Purchase 1785-1803 The Land Ordinance--1785 Key Features of the Northwest Land Ordinance--1785 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Expansion of the United States: The Northwest Ordinance and Louisiana Purchase 1785-1803


1
Expansion of the United StatesThe Northwest
Ordinance andLouisiana Purchase1785-1803
2
The Land Ordinance--1785
3
Key Features of the Northwest Land Ordinance--1785
  • Required land to be surveyed into townships of 6
    mile squares and divided into 36 one mile square
    sections
  • (640 acres)
  • A typical farm was equal to a ¼ section or 160
    acres
  • One section (N16) of every township was set aside
    for public education

4
The Northwest Ordinance--1787
  • Established territories for expansion and
    guidelines for becoming new states (after they
    reached a population of 60,000)
  • Required a Representative Government
  • SLAVERY WAS NOT ALLOWED!
  • Guarantee Freedom of Religion and Rights to Trial
    by Jury
  • (anticipated the Bill of Rights in 1789)

5
France Purchases Louisiana
  • Louisiana was secretly dealt to France by Spain
    in the Treaty of Ildefonso in 1800
  • Napoleon hoped to re-establish a French presence
    in the New World
  • The Haitian slave revolt eventually led to defeat
    of the French Army and their return to France
    leaving Louisiana undefendable

6
The Louisiana Purchase-1803
  • Learning of the secret deal, Jefferson sent
    Robert Livingston and James Monroe to purchase
    Louisiana from Napoleon.
  • Livingston Monroe Napoleon

7
The Louisiana Purchase
  • Total Cost was 15 million
  • Doubled the size of the United States
  • President Thomas Jefferson sent Lewis and Clark
    to explore the new territory and find the source
    of the Missouri River (Hoping to find a Northwest
    Passage)

8
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