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PREVENTION AND CARE OF DIABETES MELLITUS

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PREVENTION AND CARE OF DIABETES MELLITUS ... EDUCATION OF OLDER PATIENT Take illness lightly Stress on foot care ... Presentation Last modified by: – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: PREVENTION AND CARE OF DIABETES MELLITUS


1
PREVENTION AND CARE OF DIABETES MELLITUS
  • BY,
  • DR. REKHA DUTT
  • Associate professor, Department of PSM

  • Padmashree DR. D.Y.Patil Medical

  • College, Nerul,Navi Mumbai

2
Primary Prevention
  • Population Strategy
  • Primordial Prevention
  • Normal body weight
  • Healthy nutritional habit
  • Regular physical exercise
  • Two Diabetics discouraged to get into matrimony
  • High Risk Strategy
  • Obesity correction
  • Avoid alcohol, diabetogenic drugs and smoking
  • Maintain normal B.P, cholesterol triglyceride
    level
  • Avoid stress

3
Secondary Prevention
  • Screening
  • High risk cases
  • Treatment
  • Objectives
  • Maintain normal blood glucose levels
  • Maintain the ideal body weight
  • Treat the symptoms
  • Reduce serum lipids
  • Provide adequate nutrition
  • Avoid acute complications
  • Modes
  • Diet
  • Daily exercise
  • Drugs
  • Health education

4
Health education in a diabetic ensures
  • A longer life
  • Improves the quality of life
  • Prevents the complications
  • To be less costly to oneself, family health
    system under which one lives
  • WHO expert committee report 1980 states
    Education is corner stone of diabetic therapy
    vital to the integration of a diabetic in the
    society

5
Who should be taught
  • Patient Has to adopt a Self care
  • Adherence to diet
  • Drugs regimen
  • Urine examination
  • Blood glucose monitoring
  • Self administration of insulin Dose, Technique
    Care of syringe
  • Abstinence from alcohol
  • Maintenance of optimum weight
  • Care of feet
  • Recognition of symptoms associated with
    glycosuria hypoglycemia
  • Attending periodic check ups
  • Carry I-Card

6
  • People in close contacts Family, Neighbours
    Colleagues
  • Family doctor
  • Teacher in juvenile diabetic
  • Social worker

7
Being diabetic requires constant Re-enforcement
Re-education as it achieves better compliance
  • METHODS OF TEACHING
  • Mass educational programme
  • Books/ Pamphlets/ Magazines
  • Lectures Seminars
  • Radio talks, Videotapes, T.V
  • Personal approach
  • Diabetic clinic
  • Camps
  • OPD indoor patients

8
  • EDUCATION OF YOUNGER PATIENT PRESENTS A MAJOR
    CHALLENGE AS
  • Longevity of life
  • Prone to complications
  • Need for self sufficiency
  • Needs differ according to ages

9
  • EDUCATION OF OLDER PATIENT
  • Take illness lightly
  • Stress on foot care
  • Assistance needed i. Limited fund
  • ii. Loneliness
  • EDUCATION OF ILLITERATE PERSONS
  • More complications
  • Hospital as last resort
  • Language barriers

10
  • DIABETIC WHO KNOWS THE MOST
  • LIVES THE LONGEST

11
Tertiary prevention
  • To limit the disabilities
  • By diabetic clinics- To provide diagnostic
  • management skill of high order
  • Rehabilitation i.
    Psychological
  • ii. Vocational

12
THANK YOU
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