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THE MASS:

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The Last Supper--the First Mass ... Praise the Lord of lords; God's love endures forever; Who alone has done great wonders, God's love endures forever; ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE MASS:


1
THE MASS Its Beginning
Part IIb The Last Supper-- the First Mass What
Jesus did.
30 AD
100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900
1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700
1800 1900 2000
2
The FIRST CUP is poured. Kadesh the recitation
of Kiddush--a prayer of blessing Drink the
entire cup of wine. Urchatz wash
hands. Karpas eat a piece of non bitter
vegetable dipped in salt-water. Yachatz break
the middle unleavened loaf. The SECOND CUP is
poured and drunk. The unleavened bread is
eaten A prayer of thanksgiving to God. Maggid
the recitation of the Haggada. CLOSE with the
singing of the first part of Hallel (Ps. 112
1131-8)
3
Kadesh - the
Benediction The Passover begins with the
recitation of Kiddush, proclaiming the holiness
of the holiday. This is done over a cup of wine,
the first of the four cups drunk while reclining
at the Meal. Blessed be You, O Lord our God,
King of the universe, who have sanctified us by
Your commandments, and have taken pleasure in
us, and in love and favor have given us Your holy
Sabbath as an inheritance, even the Sabbath of
the remembrance of good a memorial of the
creation, the first of the holy convocations, in
remembrance of the Exodus from Egypt, to make
known that it is us whom You have chosen and us
You have sanctified above all the peoples and
Your holy Sabbaths have You given us as an
inheritance in love and favor. Blessed be You,
O Lord, from the midst of the Sabbath, Who gives
food to all flesh, for his mercy endures for
ever. (Psalm 13625). Blessed be You, O Lord
our God, King of the universe, who brings forth
bread from the earth. Amen.
4
Rachtzak washing of the hands a second
time. Motze the recitation of the blessing.
Jesus prays the Blessing CONSECRATION OF THE
BREAD Matzak the second loaf is broken eating
the unleavened loaf Jesus passes the bread
around Apostles eat the bread Morror eating the
bitter herbs. Korech eating a sandwich of
unleavened loaf and bitter herbs. Shulchan
Oruch the Paschal Lamb is eaten eating the
festive meal, with more wine if desired The
Meal PROPER is ended.
5
Psalms 112 Hallelujah. I will praise the LORD
with all my heart in the assembled congregation
of the upright. Great are the works of the
LORD, to be treasured for all their delights.
Majestic and glorious is your work, your wise
design endures forever. You won renown for your
wondrous deeds gracious and merciful is the
LORD. You gave food to those who fear you,
mindful of your covenant forever. You showed
powerful deeds to your people, giving them the
lands of the nations. The works of your hands
are right and true, reliable all your decrees,
Established forever and ever, to be observed
with loyalty and care. You sent deliverance to
your people, ratified your covenant forever holy
and awesome is your name. The fear of the LORD
is the beginning of wisdom prudent are all who
live by it. Your praise endures forever.
6
Psalms 113 Hallelujah! Happy are those who fear
the LORD, who greatly delight in God's commands.
Their descendants shall be mighty in the land,
generation upright and blessed. Wealth and
riches shall be in their homes their prosperity
shall endure forever. They shine through the
darkness, a light for the upright they are
gracious, merciful, and just. All goes well for
those gracious in lending, who conduct their
affairs with justice. They shall never be
shaken the just shall be remembered forever.
They shall not fear an ill report their hearts
are steadfast, trusting the LORD. Their hearts
are tranquil, without fear, till at last they
look down on their foes. Lavishly they give to
the poor their prosperity shall endure forever
their horn shall be exalted in honor. The wicked
shall be angry to see this they will gnash their
teeth and waste away the desires of the wicked
come to nothing.
7
The THIRD CUP, a common vessel, is poured and
taken (Chalice of Benediction)
Bayrech the recitation of grace after the
Meal the real Table Prayer Jesus takes the
Common Cup of wine CONSECRATION OF THE WINE BY
JESUS All drink from the Common Cup Hallel the
singing of Hallel psalms of praise (Ps
1139-11729 Ps. 136). JESUS AND HIS DISCIPLES
DEPART FOR GETHESAME The Passover is not
completed by Jesus and His Apostles in the
Upper Room The FOURTH CUP was poured and
drunk. Nirtzak the prayer that God accepts our
service dismissal and departure.
8
Psalms 114 When Israel came forth from Egypt,
the house of Jacob from an alien people, Judah
became God's holy place, Israel, God's domain.
The sea beheld and fled the Jordan turned back.
The mountains skipped like rams the hills, like
lambs of the flock. Why was it, sea, that you
fled? Jordan, that you turned back? You
mountains, that you skipped like rams? You
hills, like lambs of the flock? Tremble, earth,
before the Lord, before the God of Jacob, Who
turned rock into pools of water, stone into
flowing springs.
9
Psalms 115 Not to us, LORD, not to us but to
your name give glory because of your
faithfulness and love. Why should the nations
say, "Where is their God? Our God is in heaven
whatever God wills is done. Their idols are
silver and gold, the work of human hands. They
have mouths but do not speak, eyes but do not
see. They have ears but do not hear, noses but
do not smell. They have hands but do not feel,
feet but do not walk, and no sound rises from
their throats. Their makers shall be like them,
all who trust in them. The house of Israel
trusts in the LORD, who is their help and
shield. The house of Aaron trusts in the LORD,
who is their help and shield. Those who fear the
LORD trust in the LORD, who is their help and
shield. The LORD remembers us and will bless us,
will bless the house of Israel, will bless the
house of Aaron, Will bless those who fear the
LORD, small and great alike. May the LORD
increase your number, you and your descendants.
May you be blessed by the LORD, who made heaven
and earth. The heavens belong to the LORD, but
the earth is given to us. The dead do not
praise the LORD, all those gone down into
silence. It is we who bless the LORD, both now
and forever. Hallelujah!
10
Psalms 116 I love the LORD, who listened to my
voice in supplication, Who turned an ear to me
on the day I called. I was caught by the cords
of death the snares of Sheol had seized me I
felt agony and dread. Then I called on the name
of the LORD, "O LORD, save my life! Gracious is
the LORD and just yes, our God is merciful.
The LORD protects the simple I was helpless, but
God saved me. Return, my soul, to your rest the
LORD has been good to you. For my soul has been
freed from death, my eyes from tears, my feet
from stumbling. I shall walk before the LORD in
the land of the living. I kept faith, even when I
said, "I am greatly afflicted! I said in my
alarm, "No one can be trusted! How can I repay
the LORD for all the good done for me? I will
raise the cup of salvation and call on the name
of the LORD. I will pay my vows to the LORD in
the presence of all his people. Too costly in
the eyes of the LORD is the death of his
faithful. LORD, I am your servant, your servant,
the child of your maidservant you have loosed
my bonds. I will offer a sacrifice of
thanksgiving and call on the name of the LORD. I
will pay my vows to the LORD in the presence of
all his people, In the courts of the house of
the LORD, in your midst, O Jerusalem. Hallelujah!
11
Psalms 117 Praise the LORD, all you nations!
Give glory, all you peoples! The LORD'S love
for us is strong the LORD is faithful forever.
Hallelujah!
Psalms 118 Give thanks to the LORD, who is
good, whose love endures forever. Let the house
of Israel say God's love endures forever. Let
the house of Aaron say, God's love endures
forever. Let those who fear the LORD say, God's
love endures forever. In danger I called on the
LORD the LORD answered me and set me free. The
LORD is with me I am not afraid what can
mortals do against me? The LORD is with me as my
helper I shall look in triumph on my foes.
Better to take refuge in the LORD than to put
one's trust in mortals. Better to take refuge in
the LORD than to put one's trust in princes. All
the nations surrounded me in the LORD'S name I
crushed them. They surrounded me on every side
in the LORD'S name I crushed them. They
surrounded me like bees they blazed like fire
among thorns in the LORD'S name I crushed them.
I was hard pressed and falling, but the LORD
came to my help. The LORD, my strength and
might, came to me as savior.
12
The joyful shout of deliverance is heard in the
tents of the victors The LORD'S right hand
strikes with power the LORD'S right hand is
raised the LORD'S right hand strikes with
power. I shall not die but live and declare the
deeds of the LORD. The LORD chastised me
harshly, but did not hand me over to death.
Open the gates of victory I will enter and
thank the LORD. This is the LORD'S own gate,
where the victors enter. I thank you for you
answered me you have been my savior. The
stone the builders rejected has become the
cornerstone. By the LORD has this been done it
is wonderful in our eyes. This is the day the
LORD has made let us rejoice in it and be
glad. LORD, grant salvation! LORD, grant good
fortune! Blessed is he who comes in the name of
the LORD. We bless you from the LORD'S house. The
LORD is God and has given us light. Join in
procession with leafy branches up to the horns
of the altar. You are my God, I give you
thanks my God, I offer you praise. Give thanks
to the LORD, who is good, whose love endures
forever.
13
Psalms 136 (The Great Hallel) Praise the LORD,
who is so good God's love endures forever
Praise the God of gods God's love endures
forever Praise the Lord of lords God's love
endures forever Who alone has done great
wonders, God's love endures forever Who
skillfully made the heavens, God's love endures
forever Who spread the earth upon the waters,
God's love endures forever Who made the great
lights, God's love endures forever The sun to
rule the day, God's love endures forever The
moon and stars to rule the night, God's love
endures forever Who struck down the firstborn
of Egypt, God's love endures forever And led
Israel from their midst, God's love endures
forever With mighty hand and outstretched arm,
God's love endures forever Who split in two
the Red Sea, God's love endures forever And
led Israel through, God's love endures forever
But swept Pharaoh and his army into the Red Sea,
God's love endures forever Who led the people
through the desert, God's love endures forever
Who struck down great kings, God's love endures
forever Slew powerful kings, God's love endures
forever Sihon, king of the Amorites, God's
love endures forever forever.
14
Og, king of Bashan, God's love endures forever
And made their lands a heritage, God's love
endures forever A heritage for Israel, God's
servant, God's love endures forever. The LORD
remembered us in our misery, God's love endures
forever Freed us from our foes, God's love
endures forever And gives food to all flesh,
God's love endures forever. Praise the God of
heaven, God's love endures forever.


27x
15
From Meal to Worship Whats to Come Gradually
the apostles and their successors developed the
Eucharistic celebration into the structure that
endures to this day. They first named it the
Breaking of the Bread but soon they saw the
need to separate the rite from a meal, both
because of abuses at meals (1 Corinthians
1117-22) and because they wanted a more
prayerful setting for this act of worship. This
development was reported by a late first-century
document, the Didache or Teaching of the
Apostles. Eucharist was moved to Sunday in
memory of Christs resurrection. In place of the
meal the early Christians created a Liturgy of
the Word somewhat modeled after synagogue prayer
that included readings from Scripture, singing of
psalms and an instruction. Around the words of
institution they added prayers of thanksgiving,
praise and intercession. By the year 150, St.
Justin Martyr tells us that the basic structure
of the Mass was already in place. These
Eucharists were held in peoples homes up until
the year 313.
16
On Sunday there were two readings by a lector, a
homily by the priest, then the Eucharistic Prayer
and the distribution of Communion. And there
was a collection--for widows, orphans and others
in need! The threefold roles of bishop, priest
and deacon were already in place in the first
century. Our Second Eucharistic Prayer today is
brief and simple, and owes its inspiration to a
similar one composed by Hippolytus of Rome in
215. It is clear that the basic form of the
Eucharist occurred very early and has remained
remarkably durable for 2,000 years.
17
The Meaning of the New Testament Passover The
New Testament Passover is a memorial of the death
of Jesus Christ as the true Passover Lamb. We eat
the broken bread and drink the wine in
remembrance of the sacrifice of His beaten body
and shed blood. This sacrifice makes possible the
forgiveness of our sins. By partaking of the
Passover symbols of bread and wine, we are
proclaiming our continual faith in Jesus'
sacrifice. 1Corinthians 57 Therefore purge out
the old leaven, that you may be a new lump,
since you truly are unleavened. For indeed
Christ, our Passover, was sacrificed for
us. John 129 The next day John saw Jesus
coming toward him, and said, Behold! The Lamb of
God who takes away the sin of the world.
18
1Peter 118-19 Knowing that you were not
redeemed with corruptible things, like silver or
gold, from your aimless conduct received by
tradition from your fathers, but with the
precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without
blemish and without spot. 1Corinthians
1123-26 For I received from the Lord that which
I also delivered to you that the Lord Jesus on
the same night in which He was betrayed took
bread and when He had given thanks, He broke it
and said, Take, eat this is My body which is
broken for you do this in remembrance of Me. In
the same manner He also took the cup after
supper, saying, This cup is the new covenant in
My blood. This do, as often as you drink it, in
remembrance of Me. For as often as you eat this
bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the
Lord's death till He comes.
19
Sharing in the Death of Jesus Christ Each year
at Passover the eating of the bread and the
drinking of the wine, are reminders that we share
or participate in the death of Christ.
1Corinthians 1016-17 The cup of blessing
which we bless, is it not the communion of the
blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it
not the communion of the body of Christ? For we,
though many, are one bread and one body for we
all partake of that one bread. When a person
professes the sacrifice of Jesus, he shares in
the death of Christ, his "old man" is crucified
with Jesus.
20
Romans 61-11 What shall we say then? Shall we
continue in sin that grace may abound? Certainly
not! How shall we who died to sin live any
longer in it? Or do you not know that as many of
us as were baptized into Christ Jesus were
baptized into His death? Therefore we were
buried with Him through baptism into death, that
just as Christ was raised from the dead by the
glory of the Father, even so we also should
walk in newness of life. For if we have been
united together in the likeness of His death,
certainly we also shall be in the likeness of
His resurrection, knowing this, that our old man
was crucified with Him, that the body of sin
might be done away with, that we should no
longer be slaves of sin. For he who has died has
been freed from sin. Now if we died with Christ,
we believe that we shall also live with Him,
knowing that Christ, having been raised from the
dead, dies no more. Death no longer has dominion
over Him. For the death that He died, He died to
sin once for all but the life that He lives, He
lives to God. Likewise you also, reckon
yourselves to be dead indeed to sin, but alive
to God in Christ Jesus our Lord.
21
The is the End of The Last Supper, the First Mass
Part IIb Go to The Last Supper, the First Mass
Part IIc
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