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Shakespearean Theater

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Shakespeare 1564-1616 Basic Shakespeare Facts Born: April 23rd,1564 Died: April 23rd, 1616 Married Anne Hathaway in 1582 He was 18, she was 26 They had 3 children ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Shakespearean Theater


1
Shakespeare1564-1616
2
Basic Shakespeare Facts
  • Born April 23rd,1564
  • Died April 23rd, 1616
  • Married Anne Hathaway in 1582
  • He was 18, she was 26
  • They had 3 children together
  • Susanna, Hamnet and Judith (twins)
  • Hamnet died as a child.

3
The Age of Shakespeare
  • He wrote from 1585-1616 during the Renaissance or
    the Elizabethan Age
  • This time period is known for its theater and
    thriving literature

4
Shakespeares Patrons
  • Queen Elizabeth and King James of Scotland were
    great supporters of literature and the arts.
  • They both supported Shakespeare during their
    reign
  • This time period also brought economic and social
    growth to England.

5
The Lives of Actors
  • During Shakespeares time, actors were referred
    to as players.
  • Players were not always greatly accepted by the
    cities they visited because play-acting was
    considered sinful by some communities.
  • In 1574, players were banished from London.

6
Theaters
  • To get around this, James Burbage built the first
    public playhouse, or theater, in England.
  • Shakespeares company performed at Burbages
    theater until building their own.
  • Shakespeare (along with other company
    shareholders) built his theater in 1599.
  • He called it the Globe and referred to it as
    the wooden O
  • The Globe was a circular building with three
    levels overlooking a courtyard with a platform
    stage

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10
The Wooden O
  • Day time, outdoor performances only
  • Flags were used to show that a play was being
    held
  • Black tragedy
  • White comedy
  • Red history
  • In 1613, a cannon caught the Globe on fire
  • It was rebuilt in 1614
  • It was demolished in 1644 by the Puritans because
    it was immoral

11
The Wooden O
  • Three main parts the building proper, the
    stage-Pit (5ft above the ground), and the tiring
    house (used for dressing)
  • Heaven decorated with a zodiac
  • Hell upper lower trap doors
  • 3 stories high
  • Fit 3,000 people

12
The Cost
  • 1 shilling to stand
  • 2 shillings to sit in the balcony
  • 6 shillings for the galleries-Private/Lords Room
  • 1 shilling was 10 of their weekly income

13
Actors
  • Elaborate costumes, but props were minimal. Scene
    changes were announced by actors
  • Characters were performed by males only (even the
    female roles)
  • Had to have great memorization skills for 2 hour
    long plays

14
Customers
  • Play seekers ranged from Queen Elizabeth I to the
    poorest of the land.
  • Private plays were performed for people of the
    highest nobility.
  • The audience was allowed to throw rotten food at
    bad actors.

15
Plague
  • The Black or Bubonic Plague killed millions
    throughout Europe and Asia
  • Theaters were closed however, Shakespeare
    presented plays for King James during this time

16
Flag
Heaven
Upper Stage
Galleries
Tiring House
Inner Stage
Pillars
Trap Door
Stage
Yard
Foundation
Entrance
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