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American History Chapter 18: World War II: Americans at War

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American History Chapter 18: World War II: Americans at War III. The Holocaust Bell Ringer Define genocide. Besides the holocaust when else has genocide occurred? – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: American History Chapter 18: World War II: Americans at War


1
American History Chapter 18 World War II
Americans at War
  • III. The Holocaust

2
Bell Ringer
  • Define genocide.
  • Besides the holocaust when else has genocide
    occurred?
  • What are some synonyms of holocaust?

3
Objectives
  • In what ways did Germany persecute Jews in the
    1930s?
  • How did Germany's policies toward Jews develop
    from murder into genocide?

4
The Nazis r
5
Herman Goering
  • Head of the police and Gestapo
  • Head of the Luftwaffe

6
Rudolph Hess
  • Deputy Fuhrer
  • Crash landed in Britain in 1941
  • Murdered in Spandau prison in 1989

7
Heinrich Himmler
  • Head of the SS

8
Ernst Roehm
  • Head of SA

9
Joseph Goebbels
  • Head of Propaganda

10
Martin Bormann
  • Hitlers Secretary

11
Albert Speer
  • Minister of the Interior

12
A) Setting the Scene
  • Aryans are German people
  • Semites are Arabs and Jews
  • anti-Semitism discrimination, hostility, and
    violence directed at Jews
  • Quote 609

13
B) Persecution in Germany
  • 1933 Hitler makes ant-Semitism the official
    policy of Germany
  • Holocaust Nazi Germany's systematic murder of
    European Jews.
  • 6 million Jews 6 million other

14
a) Nazi Policies
  • Boycotts of Jew businesses
  • Nuremberg Laws took German citizenship
  • Jews and non-Jews no marriage
  • 1938 lost businesses
  • Doctors and lawyers forbidden to work for
    non-Jews
  • Identity cards Sarah and Israel letter J on
    clothing

15
b) Hitlers Police
  • SS Schutzstaffel black shirts
  • Gestapo German secret police
  • Concentration camps place where political
    prisoners and undesirables are confined.
    Harsh.
  • Communists, Jews, homosexuals, Jehovahs Witness,
    Gypsies, and homeless

16
c) Kristallnacht
  • German thugs throughout Germany and Austria
    looted and destroyed Jewish stores, houses, and
    synagogues
  • Kristallnacht night of broken glass
  • Fined the Jews to pay for damage

17
d) Refugees Seek an Escape
  • Jews tried to get out of Germany allowed but
    most recaptured later
  • US did not allow more Jews into country

18
C) From Murder to Genocide
  • Ghettos self contained areas surrounded by wall
    and guards where Jews forced to live
  • 14) Warsaw Ghetto ghetto in the capital of
    Poland for Jews

19
a) The Einsatzgruppen
  • Special action squads/mobile killing squads
  • Babi Yar killed 33,000 Jews in 2 days
  • Wannsee Conference where the final solution to
    the Jewish question was created
  • Genocide deliberate destruction of an entire
    ethnic or cultural group

20
b) The Death Camps
  • Zyklon B poison gas most efficient way to kill
    people
  • 6 camps built in Poland EZ
  • Death Camps mass murder camps
  • 2 biggest Auschwitz (1.5 mil) and Majdanek
  • Young and old killed rest worked to death
  • Death chambers disguised as shower rooms
  • Cruel medical experiments
  • SS unit Totenkopfverbande (Death Head Units)
    man the camps

21
c) Fighting Back
  • 1943 uprising at Treblinka death camp closed it
    for days
  • Warsaw Ghetto uprising Jews received info that
    they were being killed 50,000 Jews held out for
    27 days

22
d) Rescue and Liberation
  • US knew about camps by 1942 but did little
  • Denmark all 8,000 Jews smuggled out to Sweden
  • War Refugee Board program that tried to help
    save people threatened by the Nazis
  • US troops stumbled upon camps
  • Nuremberg Trials international military tribune
    conducted by the allies that convicted Nazis of
    War crimes
  • following orders

23
Review
  • In what ways did Germany persecute Jews in the
    1930s
  • How did Germanys polices toward Jews develop
    from murder into genocide?
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