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New Zealand

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New Zealand Cultural Geography I. History(2) -the first organized colonial settlement was founded in 1840 by the British -New Zealand became an independent ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: New Zealand


1
New Zealand
  • Cultural Geography
  •  
  •  

2
I. History(2)
  • -the first organized
  • colonial settlement
  • was founded in 1840
  • by the British
  •  
  • -New Zealand became an
  • independent dominion in
  • 1907 but still supported Britain in wars
  •  
  • -New Zealand is about the size of the state of
    Colarado
  •  
  • -capital is Wellington which is situated in the
    North Island
  •  
  • -it is the youngest country in the world

3
II. History(2)
  •   
  • -the total population is 4,213,418 people
  •  
  • -the literacy rate is 99 within the entire
  • country
  •  
  • -the GDP per capita is 27,400
  •  
  • -in the human development index New Zealand is
    ranked 20th
  •  
  • -the total GDP is 117.8 billion dollars
  • -the natural increase rate is .7
  • -New Zealand is currently in Stage 4 of the
    Demographic Transition

4
III. History(2)
  • -the Maori people migrated to New Zealand only a
    thousand years ago
  •  
  • - the Maori people are a moderately developed
    tribe and have their own language
  •  
  • - the Maori language became
  •  an official language in 1987
  •  
  •  

5
Music (10)
  • Maori music is more than just aggressive chants
    and bellicose dances.
  • Their traditional performance, a fusion of song
    and dance, is known as kapahaka haka being the
    generic name for Maori dance. The songs, often
    determined by a lyrical theme, are accompanied by
    traditional instruments such as the koauau
    (rotund flute), putorino (small flute), nguru
    (nose flute) and pututara (conch shell).
  •  
  • The types of songs can be divided into two
    categories
  • Recitatives
  • powhiri (a welcome ceremony recited by men and
    women)
  • haka taparahi (a dance without weapons)
  • haka peruperu (with weapons)
  • karakia (incantations and spells)
  • paatere (reactions to gossip). 

http//www.milestonestours.com/new-zealand-discove
rer-escorted-coach-tour
6
Music continued... (10)
  • Songs 
  •  poi (songs accompanied by a dance in which women
    hit their body rhythmically with cotton balls
    attached to a string)
  • oriori (songs composed to teach children of high
    rank their special descent and history)
  • pao (improvised songs of local interest)
  • waiata ahore (love songs)
  • waiata whaiaaipo (laments)
  • waiata tahit, chants or song poetry 
  •  

http//www.playme.com/thekiwibandallstars/awhi-mai
-ra-e-hine_2799183m.html
http//www.creativenz.govt.nz/international/nz_at_
awme
7
Maori action song- Te Hokioi 
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vliq2OtC0ZNg

8
Official Languages(1)
  • - there are currently three official languages in
    New Zealand English, Maori, and New Zealand sign
    language
  •  
  • -the official language of New Zealand is English
  •  
  •  - as of April 2006, New Zealand is the first
    country to declare sign language an official
    language 
  •  

http//photos.igougo.com/pictures-photos-p403838-S
unset_Storm.html
9
Food (6) 
  • New Zealand's cuisine has been described as
    Pacific Rim, drawing inspiration from Europe,
    Asia and Polynesia.
  • Because there is a large amount of sheep in New
    Zealand, it is part of everyday diet. 
  •  New Zealand's diet largely consists of seafood
    since it is an island. This includes bluff
    oysters, cod, flounder, hapuka, and king fish. 
  •  Barbecues are a custom in New Zealand's culture
    during the summer. 
  • Fish and chips is also a favorite meal in New
    Zealand. 

www.cuhk.edu.hk/ugh/news/bbq.jpg
10
Food Continued (8)
  • For a traditional barbecues, its common to cook
    with a maori hangi. 
  • A maori hangi is an oven that is dug in the
    ground, lined with red hot stones and covered
    with vegetation. The food being cooked is then
    placed on top. More vegetation is then added,
    with water sprinkled on top. The food is then
    cooked by steaming for several hours. 
  •  The hangi is prepared for special occasions,
    with men digging the hole and women preparing the
    food. 

11
Food continued (3)
  • Pavlova is a dessert named for the Russian
    ballerina Anna Pavlova. She toured both Australia
    and New Zealand in 1926. Both countries argue
    over where the dessert was really invented, but
    both have taken it as the national dessert of
    their country.

http//www.google.com/imgres?imgurlhttp//www.lay
cockcatering.co.uk
12
Ethnicity (9)
  • As of 2006, 77.6 of New Zealanders identified
    themselves as European or from European decent.
  •  
  •  
  • 14.6 identified themselves as Maori, the
    indigenous people of New Zealand .
  •  
  •  
  • 6.9 as Pacific peoples, 9.2 as Asians and .9
    as others. 

Southern Asians in New Zealand
www.worldpress.org/images/20061031-niue.jpgimgref
url
New Zealand vs France
http//www.zimbio.com/pictures/taZ0XxK6snc/NewZea
landvFranceFirstTest/-seAeBaNlxA/MilsMuliaina
13
Language
  • -English is off the language branch of the Indo-
    European family

http//www.danshort.com/ie/iecentum.htm
14
Maori (7)
  • - Maori, the native language, is used only in New
    Zealand but not many people speak it
  •  
  • -the language originated in isolation until the
    19th century in New Zealand
  •  
  • -approximately 130,000 people know some Maori and
    the rest of the country speaks English
  •  
  • - in 1987 the native language of
  • Maori became an official language

http//www.pacificislands.com/Pacific-Island-Trave
l/Things-To-Do_IDL10_IDT310008_ID310502_.html
15
Religion (11)
  • In 2006 just over 2 million people, or 55.6 of
    the population of New Zealand identified
    themeselves as Christians or Monotheistic.
  • Over 8 out of 10 Pacfic peoples identify
    themselves as Christian as well.
  • - Maori is an ethnic religion in New Zealand,
    there are apox 2,427 followers.

http//www.trapperdesign.com/en/picture/new-zealan
d-church
16
Religion continued...(11)
  • Over the past years there has been an increase in
    people affiliating with non-Christian religions.
    This mainly attributed to migrants, particularly
    from Asia. Almost 8 in 10 people (78.8 percent)
    affiliated with the Hindu religion were born
    overseas, particularly in Southern Asia and the
    Pacific Islands. A similar proportion of people
    affiliating with Islam (77.0 percent) were born
    overseas, mainly in Southern Asia, but also in
    the Middle East. The majority of people born
    overseas affiliating with Buddhism (37,590
    people) were born in Asia (34,422 people). 

http//streetknowledge.wordpress.com/2009/12/
17
Environment(12)
  • When New Zealand was separated from other land
    masses 100 million years ago ancient plants and
    animals survived and evolved into unique species.
  • New Zealand's landscape is very unique, ranging
    from mountains, beaches, rainforests, glaciers,
    and active volcanoes. 
  • But, because of Maori and European settlers new
    plants and species were introduced. This began to
    overpower the natural species of New Zealand.

http//members.virtualtourist.com/m/175e8/c51/
18
Environment (17)
  • ?New Zealand lies about 1,600 km from both
    Australia and Polynesia. Its three main islands
    are the North and South islands and Stewart
    Island, or Rakiura, lying due south of the South
    Island.
  • Much of the history of mountain building,
    earthquakes and volcanic activity is due to its
    location on the Pacific Ring of Fire. 
  • There is no location in New Zealand that is more
    than 130 km from the sea. It is a very long
    coastline estimates range from 15,000 to 18,000
    km. 
  • http//www.teara.govt.nz/files/p2649gns.jpg

19
Popular Culture (13)
  •  In New Zealand, organized sports are 
  • popular such as cricket, rugby, and
  • soccer
  •  
  • Rugby originated in England and 
  • diffused to New Zealand where it
  • became popular
  • Soccer also has origins in England
  • but is now popular in New Zealand    
  • -however when first introduced to the culture
  •  it was not very popular
  •  
  •                                                   
                                                      
               

20
II. Popular Culture (14)
  • The culture that resembles 
  • American pop culture is found 
  • mainly in Auckland
  • -Auckland is the center of
  • New Zealand's fashion industry
  •     -it is home to many fashion
  •     houses such as Karen Walker
  •     and Trelise Cooper
  • -Auckland is also a hub for
  • popular music in the country

21
Folk Culture (5)
  • -The folk culture in
  •  New Zealand primarily 
  • consists of the Maori 
  • culture because it is
  •  unique from the typical
  •  culture in the rest of the
  •  country
  •  
  • -The Maori people have their own language and
    tribal customs
  •  
  • -They have belief in many different gods and have
    their own legends about how the Earth was formed 

22
North Island Tourist Destinations (16)
  • Waitamo Glow Worm Caves
  • Since 1887 when the Waitomo Glowworm Caves were
    first explored, people have been attracted to
    this fascinating network of limestone caves and
    grottos
  • You can take a tour on boat through the glow worm
    caves. 
  • Te Papa 
  • The National Museum of New Zealand tells the
    story of the national people and history. 
  •  Located in Wellington, the museum is free and
    has interesting and informative displays about
    Maori and New Zealand. 

http//images.google.com/imgres?imgurlhttp//www.
tailor-made.co.uk
http//www.cringel.com/files/images
23
South Island Tourist Destinations (16) 
  • Christchurch Gondola 
  • You can take a ride from Christchurch to the
    summit of Port Hills.
  • Get 360 degree views of the city, Lyttelton
    Harbour, the Southern Alps, and Canterbury
    Plains. 
  • http//www.abbotthouse.co.nz/images/gondola-L.jpg
  • Hanmer Springs
  • With thermal pools ranging in temperature from 95
    to 115 degrees
  • There are also water slides
  • Located inland from Kaikoura 
  • http//www.firstlighttravel.com/Assets/snow_hanmer
    .jpg

24
Web Sites- 
  •  
  •  
  • New Zealand Language. (n.d.). (1)
  • Retrieved from http//www.tourism.net.nz
  • New Zealand World Fact Book. (n.d.). (2)
  • Retrieved from http//www.cia.gov
  • Pavlova. (n.d.). (3)
  • Retrieved from http//joyofbaking.com
  •  
  •  Travel Stories . (n.d.). (4)
  •  Retrieved from http//www.travelpod.com

25
Sources continued
  • Folk Culture. (n.d.). (5)
  • Retrieved from http//newzealand.com
  • Food and Wine in New Zealand. (n.d.). (6)
  • Retrieved from http//kiwiaccommodation.com
  • Maori Culture. (n.d.).(7)
  • Retrieved from http//newzealand.com
  • New Zealand Cuisine.(8)
  • (n.d.). Retrieved from http//tourism.net.nz
  •        Ethnic composition of the population.
    (n.d.). (9)
  •        Retrieved from http//socialreport.msd.govt
    .nz

26
sources continued...
  • Hancock, D. (n.d.). Maori Music Music. (10)
  • Retrieved from  http//worldmusic.nationalgeograph
    ic.com
  • QuickStats About Culture and Identity. (n.d.).
    (11)
  • Retrieved from http//www.stats.govt.nz
  • Natural Environment. (n.d.). (12)
  • Retrieved from http//newzealand.com
  • Popular culture. (n.d.). (13)
  • Retrieved from http//teara.govt.nz
  • Popular culture media. (n.d.). (14)
  • Retrieved from http//teara.govt.nz
  • Indo-European Languages. (n.d.). (15
  • Retrieved from http//danshort.com

27
sources continued...
  • www.newzealand.com (16)
  • www.leadingattractions.co.nz (16)
  • http//www.teara.govt.nz/en/natural-environment/2
    (17)
  • http//www.manywallpapers.com/nature-wallpapers/sc
    enery/new-zealand.html
  • http//www.diggerhistory.info/pages-flags/coat_of_
    arms-nz.htm
  • http//www.tripadvisor.com/LocationPhotos-g255104-
    New_Zealand.html
  • http//www.insureandgo.com/press/Twitter_traveller
    _reaches_New_Zealand_12710.html

28
sources continued
  • http//www.grasmere.co.nz/gallery/activities.asp
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