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What is Indoor Air Quality (IAQ)?

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What is Indoor Air Quality (IAQ)? Chemical, biological pollutants in the air Temperature, humidity A good IAQ Management Plan controls indoor air pollutants, brings ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: What is Indoor Air Quality (IAQ)?


1
What is Indoor Air Quality (IAQ)?
  • Chemical, biological pollutants in the air
  • Temperature, humidity
  • A good IAQ Management Plan controls indoor air
    pollutants, brings in adequate outside air and
    maintains comfortable temperature and humidity
    levels.

2
So how does Tools for Schools fit in?
  • Tools for Schools is a VOLUNTARY program, a low
    cost-no cost tool to help schools improve their
    IAQ
  • Organizes cleaning, maintenance activities that a
    school is (or should be) already doing
  • TfS is not intended to be a crisis management
    tool
  • Its free, effective (800) 438-4318

3
History of Tools for Schools
  • Late 1980s extent of problem with IAQ in
    schools realized
  • 1995 Tools for Schools kit developed
  • Currently 50 of schools use either Tools for
    Schools or an IAQ plan that meets EPA guidelines.

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5
Tools for Schools 5 steps
  1. Form IAQ team, appoint IAQ coordinator
  2. Distribute checklists, questionnaires
  3. Conduct walk through of school
  4. Prioritize repairs what gets fixed now, what
    can wait
  5. Develop IAQ management plan

6
Why is IAQ in Schools important?
  • We spend 80-90 of our lives indoors
  • 55 million Americans spend their days in schools
  • There are no laws, no indoor air standards that
    protect students, staff from poor IAQ
  • Indoor levels of air pollution can be 2-5 times
    (even up to 100 times) more polluted than outside
    air. The reasons

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14
Radon
  • Occurs naturally
  • EPA Estimate 23,000 lung cancer deaths per year
  • Test kits (800) 557-2366, or for a few free
    kits, (702) 798-2430
  • If over 4 pC/liter, consider remediation
  • Radon caves in Montana!

15
Carbon Monoxide (CO)
  • 500 deaths each year CO poisoning
  • A byproduct from fuel combustion
  • What you can do annual appliance checks, dont
    use fuel burning things indoors (hibachis, gas
    powered generators, etc.)
  • Buy a CO detector

16
Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs)
  • Can be built into a school (carpets, paints,
    cabinets etc.)
  • Can be intentionally introduced (air fresheners,
    scented candles, perfumes, after shaves)
  • VOCs can trigger asthma attacks, aggravate
    respiratory problems
  • Formaldehyde a probable carcinogen?

17
Indoor Pollution Sources
  • Copy machines, faxes give off ozone,
    particulates
  • Pesticides
  • Cleaning products
  • Perfumes, candles, room fresheners
  • Dirty, malfunctioning A/C, swamp coolers
  • Mold 300 increase in lawsuits in past 5 years

18
Add all these pollutants to a poorly
ventilated, insulated box
19
Why should schools be concerned about poor IAQ?
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22
The Asthma Epidemic
  • Asthma rates have doubled since 1980
  • 1 in 13 school children has asthma
  • 10-13 million school days missed each year
  • Tools for Schools helps identify, remove common
    asthma triggers from classrooms

23
More reasons that schools should be concerned
about poor IAQ
  • Health, morale of staff
  • Poor IAQ, high CO2 lower performance
  • Liability issues
  • Loss of funding when students are absent
  • You cant teach kids that are medicated or absent

24
What are challenges for schools?
  • Funding
  • Test scores, student safety, discipline, etc.
  • Why draw attention to an IAQ problem?
  • (if we ignore the problem, no one will notice)

25
How can Tools for Schools address these concerns?
  • Increased attendance more funding
  • Improved IAQ, lower CO2 levels better learning
    environment (www.epa.gov/iaq)
  • Dont think of it as drawing attention to a
    problem, think of it as being proactive

26
Prioritize your needs into.
  • What can be done now to improve IAQ? Simple,
    quick fixes
  • What can we do soon? Low cost fixes that can be
    done with existing budget/staff
  • What can we do when we have more ? Have an
    inventory of what the IAQ needs of the school are

27
For new school construction.
  • IAQ Design Tools for Schools www.epa.gov/iaq/schoo
    ldesign
  • For a comprehensive healthy schools approach
  • Healthy Seat www.epa.gov/schools/healthyseat

28
Who can help schools get started?
  • The EPA Regional offices, symposiums
    (www.epa.gov/iaq)
  • Contractors working through the EPA
  • American Lung Association state offices
  • State Health Departments
  • State Energy offices or Energy Performance
    Contractors (www.escperform.org)
  • Ron Schiller (303) 312-6017

29
To get more information or materials on indoor
air in schools, contact
  • Ron Schiller (303) 312-6017
  • EPA Publications Warehouse (800) 490-9198

30
I think its interesting that cologne rhymes
with alone
  • Demetri Martin
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