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BREEDS OF HORSES

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BREEDS OF HORSES Breeds of Ponies Hackney Pony of the Americas Shetland Pony Welsh Pony Hackney Hackney characteristics Origin: England Color: Chestnut, bay, brown ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: BREEDS OF HORSES


1
BREEDS OF HORSES
2
Terms to Know
  • Domesticated Tamed for use by man
  • Feathering Fringe of hair around the horses
    foot just above the hoof
  • Hands The height of a horse, taken from the top
    of the withers to the ground. 1 hand4 inches

3
More Terms to Know
  • Overo White extends up from the belly legs
    towards the back
  • Tobiano White extends downward over the horses
    back

4
Horse Terms
  • Foal Young horse of either sex up to one year of
    age
  • Filly Female less than three years of age
  • Colt Male less than three years of age
  • Mare Mature female, four or older
  • Stallion Mature male, four or older
  • Gelding Castrated male

5
CLASSIFICATIONS
  • Light Horse Breeds
  • Breeds of Ponies
  • Breeds of Draft Horses

6
Light Horse Breeds
  • American Paint Horse
  • American Saddlebred Horse
  • Appaloosa
  • Arabian
  • Morgan
  • Palomino
  • Pinto
  • Quarter Horse
  • Standardbred
  • Tennessee Walking Horse
  • Thouroughbred

7
Light Horse Characteristics
  • 14 to 17 hands
  • Weigh 900 to 1,400 pounds
  • Primary use is for riding, driving or racing
  • Generally more capable of more action and greater
    speed

8
American Paint Horse
9
American Paint characteristics
  • Origin United States
  • Color White with any other color may be overo
    and tobiano
  • Height 14 to 16 hands
  • Weight 750 to 1,300 pounds
  • Uses Stock, pleasure, show purposes, racing

10
American Saddlebred
11
American Saddlebred characteristics
  • Origin Fayette County, Kentucky
  • Color Bay, brown, chestnut, gray, black or
    golden
  • Height 15 to 16 hands
  • Weight 1,000 to 1,200 pounds
  • Uses Saddle, pleasure, stock and fine harness

12
Appaloosa
13
Appaloosa characteristics
  • Origin Idaho, Oregon, Washington
  • Color Variations combinations of colors and
    spots eye encircled with white, mottled skin
    hooves black white striped
  • Height 14 to 15 hands
  • Weight 900 to 1,200 pounds
  • Uses Stock, pleasure, race and parade

14
Arabian
15
Arabian characteristics
  • Origin Arabia
  • Color Bay, gray, chestnut white on head legs
    is common
  • Height 14 to 15 hands
  • Weight 850 to 1,100 pounds
  • Dished face is most distinguishing characteristic
  • Uses Saddle, show, stock, pleasure, racing

16
Morgan
17
Morgan characteristics
  • Origin Vermont
  • Color Bay, brown, black, chestnut white
    markings less common
  • Height 14 to 15 hands
  • Weight 1,000 to 1,200 pounds
  • Known for easy manageability and remarkable
    endurance
  • Uses Saddle, stock, harness, jumpers

18
Palomino
19
Palomino characteristics
  • Origin United States
  • Color Golden with white, silver or ivory mane
    tail
  • Height 14 to 16 hands
  • Weight 900 to 1,300 pounds
  • Uses Parade, pleasure, stock, saddle

20
Pinto
21
Pinto characteristics
  • Origin United States, from horses brought in by
    Spanish conquistadors
  • Color Half color (bay, brown, chestnut) with
    white spots from 2 to 12 inches across
  • Height 14 to 16 hands
  • Weight 750 to 1,300 pounds
  • Uses Hunters, polo mounts, racing, saddle, stock

22
Pinto characteristics contd
  • Type not color determines if a horse is
    identified as a paint or pinto. The Pinto
    registry accepts several breed types, while the
    Paint registry accepts only Quarter or
    Thoroughbred conformation.

23
Quarter Horse
24
Quarter Horse characteristics
  • Origin Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Colorado
    Kansas
  • Color Chestnut, sorrel, bay, dun, palomino,
    black, brown roan
  • Height 14 to 16 hands
  • Weight 1,050 to 1,300 pounds
  • Well-muscled powerfully built considered most
    versatile
  • Uses Stock, racing, pleasure

25
Standardbred
26
Standardbred characteristics
  • Origin United States
  • Color Bay, brown, chestnut, black, gray, roan
    and dun
  • Height 15 to 16 hands
  • Weight 900 to 1,300 pounds
  • Developed primarily for harness racing
  • Uses Harness racing, trotting or pacing, show

27
Tennessee Walking Horse
28
Tennessee Walking Horse characteristics
  • Origin Tennessee
  • Color Sorrel, chestnut, roan, black, white,
    golden, gray, bay and brown
  • Height 14 to 15 hands
  • Weight 1,000 to 1,200 pounds
  • The running walk is distinctive to the breed
  • Uses Pleasure, plantation walking, show

29
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30
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31
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32
Thoroughbred
33
Thoroughbred characteristics
  • Origin England, developed as a running horse
  • Color Bay, brown, chestnut, sorrel, black, gray
    white on the face legs is common
  • Height 15 to 17 hands
  • Weight 900 to 1,400 pounds
  • Conformation emphasizes factors contributing to
    racing sports
  • Uses Race horses, saddle, stock, hunters and
    jumpers, polo mounts

34
Breeds of Ponies
  • Hackney
  • Pony of the Americas
  • Shetland Pony
  • Welsh Pony

35
Hackney
36
Hackney characteristics
  • Origin England
  • Color Chestnut, bay, brown white markings are
    desirable
  • Height 12 to 16 hands (those under 14 are
    referred to as ponies)
  • Weight 800 to 1,200 pounds
  • Uses Valued chiefly for show purposes, heavy
    harness or carriage horses

37
Pony of the Americas
38
Pony of the Americas characteristics
  • Origin Mason City, Iowa
  • Color Similar to Appaloosa
  • Height 46 to 54
  • Weight 400 to 800 pounds
  • Breed standard calls for conformation between
    Quarter Horse and Arabian
  • Uses Western type using pony for youth

39
Shetland Pony
40
Shetland Pony characteristics
  • Origin Shetland Isles
  • Color Black, dark brown, bay, chestnut, mouse
    spotted
  • Height 43 under 43 to 46
  • Weight 300 to 500 pounds
  • Develops long shaggy outer coat during winter
    months and has a full mane tail
  • Uses Childs mount, harness, racing, roadster

41
Welsh Pony
42
Welsh Pony characteristics
  • Origin Wales
  • Color Black, gray, bay, roan, cream, chestnut
  • Height A division 12 hands under B
    division 12 hands over
  • Weight A division less than 500 pounds B
    division 500 to 900 pounds
  • Uses Childs mount, harness racing, pleasure,
    parade, hunting

43
Draft Breeds
  • Belgian
  • Clydesdale
  • Percheron
  • Suffolk

44
Belgian
45
Belgian characteristics
  • Origin Belgium
  • Color Bay, chestnut, roan
  • Size Wide, deep, low set bodies
  • Weight Male 1,900 to 2,200 pounds Female
    1,850 to 2,100 pounds
  • Very docile quiet
  • Uses Exhibition purposes, special attractions,
    farm work

46
Clydesdale
47
Clydesdale characteristics
  • Origin Scotland
  • Color Bay and brown with white markings
  • Height 16 to 17 hands
  • Weight Male 1,700 to 1,900 pounds Female
    1,500 to 1,700 pounds
  • Superior style and action
  • Heavy feathering of feet
  • Uses Exhibition purposes, special attractions,
    farm work

48
Percheron
49
Percheron characteristics
  • Origin France
  • Color Black or gray
  • Height 16-1 to 16-3 hands
  • Weight Male 1,800 to 2,000 pounds Female
    1,700 to 1,850 pounds
  • Extremely docile
  • Uses Exhibition purposes, special attractions,
    farm work

50
Suffolk
51
Suffolk characteristics
  • Origin England
  • Color Chestnut, varying from light to dark no
    white
  • Height 15-2 to 16-2 hands
  • Weight Male 1,600 to 1,800 pounds Female
    1,450 to 1,600 pounds
  • Excellent deposition
  • Uses Exhibition purposes, special attractions,
    farm work
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