World War II, or the Second World War[1] (often abbreviated WWII or WW2), was a global military conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945 which involved most of the world's nations, including all great powers, organized into two opposing military alliances: the - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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World War II, or the Second World War[1] (often abbreviated WWII or WW2), was a global military conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945 which involved most of the world's nations, including all great powers, organized into two opposing military alliances: the

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Title: World War II, or the Second World War[1] (often abbreviated WWII or WW2), was a global military conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945 which involved most of the world's nations, including all great powers, organized into two opposing military alliances: the


1
World War II, or the Second World War1 (often
abbreviated WWII or WW2), was a global military
conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945 which involved
most of the world's nations, including all great
powers, organized into two opposing military
alliances the Allies and the Axis.
2
Information to know
  • How were Pearl Harbor, Iwo Jima, V-E Day and V-J
    Day important events in World War II?
  • How did Germanys and Japans actions lead to war
    with the United States?
  • Why did the Holocaust occur?
  • Education World Lesson Planning Teaching the
    Holocaust
  • The Children We Remember by Chana Byers Abells

3
Axis Powers
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Japan

4
Allied Powers
  • Great Britain
  • France
  • United States
  • Russia after being betrayed by Germany

5
Important People of WWII
  • Hitler Fuhrer of Germany who ruled by terror,
    his racist beliefs lead to the Holocaust
  • Roosevelt 4 term US President president at the
    time of the bombing of Pearl Harbor
  • Truman Us President who made the decision to end
    the war by dropping the atomic bomb on 2 cities
    in Japan
  • Mussolini Italian dictator and leader of the
    fascist party who ruled by terror
  • Stalin Russian leader
  • Churchill Prime Minister Great Britain built up
    the morale of the British people with his
    inspiring speeches
  • Eisenhower supreme commander of the Allied
    forces organized D Day operation military
    leader
  • Hirohito Japanese emperor

6
Terms to know
  • Alliance ________________________________________
  • Nationalism _____________________________________
  • Dictator ________________________________________
  • Infamy ______________________________________
  • Internment camp _________________________________

7
  • Why did the US decide to remain neutral at the
    beginning of the WAR?
  • What event leads to the US entering the war?
  • Where did the majority of the fighting take
    place?
  • What is the Holocaust?
  • Who were the Tuskegee Airman?

8
  • What is D-Day?
  • What is VJ Day?
  • What is VE Day?
  • What is Iwo Jima?
  • What role did rationing play in WWII?
  • Who is Rosie the Riveter?

9
Information to know
  • Why did President Truman decide to drop
  • atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
  • in World War II? Wanted the war to end as well as
    save the lives of the many Americans fighting in
    the war
  • How did citizens demonstrate their civic
    responsibilities during World War I?
  • Rationing
  • Victory gardens

10
How did Rosie the Riveter and the Tuskegee
Airmen illustrate the changing roles of women and
minorities as a result of WWII (SS5H6e
SS5G2a,b,c SS5E1SS5E2c
  • The United States fought World War II on the home
    front as well as overseas, and working women were
    essential to the success of the war effort.
    Between 1940 and 1945 the number of women in the
    labor force increased by 50 percent. For those
    women who had already been employed, the war
    offered opportunities to move into higher paying
    industrial jobs from which they were previously
    excluded. As a result, the number of women in
    manufacturing jobs more than doubled. In
    particular, women played a vital role in the
    critical defense industries. During the war, the
    female presence in defense plants jumped over 400
    percent in the aircraft industry alone, women
    made up 39 percent of the work force.
  • The image of Rosie the Riveter, the plucky gal
    who donned overalls "for the duration," helped
    rally Americans at home and abroad.
  • How did World War II change the lives of people
    at home?

11
How were the rights of Japanese-Americans
violated during World War II?
  • Internment Camps
  • Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on
    December 7, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt
    issued Executive Order 9066, which permitted the
    military to circumvent the constitutional
    safeguards of American citizens in the name of
    national defense.
  • These Japanese Americans, half of whom were
    children, were incarcerated for up to 4 years,
    without due process of law or any factual basis,
    in bleak, remote camps surrounded by barbed wire
    and armed guards.
  • They were forced to evacuate their homes and
    leave their jobs in some cases family members
    were separated and put into different camps.
    President Roosevelt himself called the 10
    facilities "concentration camps."

12
Home FrontChapter 11 Lesson 2
  • How does rationing change consumer and
    manufacturing behavior?
  • What was the opportunity cost for Americans that
    supported the efforts of the home front during
    WWII?
  • Opportunity cost is the next-best choice
    available to someone who has picked between
    several mutually exclusive choices.1 It is a
    key concept in economics.
  • A person who has 15 can either buy a CD or a
    shirt. If he buys the shirt the opportunity cost
    is the CD and if he buys the CD the opportunity
    cost is the shirt. If there are more choices than
    two, the opportunity cost is still only one item,
    never all of them
  • How did industry develop during WWII to meet the
    needs of its armed forces?
  • How was the United States able to supply its
    armed forces overseas in Europe and Asia?

13
United Nations
  • Why was the formation of the United Nations key
    to establishing a post-World War II peace?
    (SS5H6f)
  • The United Nations is an international
    organization that was established after World War
    II to keep the world at peace. It is located in
    New York City, New York. Almost all of the
    countries of the world belong to the United
    Nations. It is often called the UN and its role
    has expanded to include encouraging respect for
    human rights and reducing poverty
  • Who meets in the UN General Assembly Hall?
  • Representatives and leaders from many different
    countries meet here. They discuss important
    problems like war, poverty, and hunger.

14
Cold War
  • In 1945 the war ended in an Allied victory and a
    changed world. While the United Nations was
    established to foster international cooperation
    and prevent future conflicts, the Soviet Union
    and the United States emerged as two rival
    superpowers, setting the stage for the Cold War
    which lasted for the next 46 years.
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