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17th Century (1625

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The Cavaliers & Puritans 17th Century (1625 1700) Turmoil Religious & Political Queen Elizabeth dies 1603 King James 1603-1625 King Charles 1625-1649 Oliver ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 17th Century (1625


1
17th Century (1625 1700)
  • The Cavaliers
  • Puritans

2
Turmoil Religious Political
  • Queen Elizabeth dies 1603
  • King James 1603-1625
  • King Charles 1625-1649
  • Oliver Cromwell 1642 - 1660
  • King Charles II 1660 - 1685
  • GLORIOUS REVOLUTION

3
The Controversy
  • Royal family are Anglican
  • (Catholic sympathizers)
  • WHILE
  • Common people are
  • Protestant sympathizers

4
Divine Right of Kings
  • King is Head of
  • Church State

5
King James
  • Not a picture of health
  • -- crippling arthritis -- weak limbs -- colic
    (digestion problems) -- gout -- difficulty
    walking -- tongue problems
  • After numerous attempts on his life, he required
    constant care.
  • Invented British flag -- combined England's red
    cross of St. George with Scotland's white cross
    of St. Andrew.

6
Religious Non-Conformity
  • Puritans/Separatists
  • Congregationists/Presbyterians
  • Church government styles
  • congregation vs. bishop
  • liturgical vs. non-liturgical

7
King James the Non-conformists
  • I shall make them conform themselves
  • or I will harry them out of the land, or elsedo
    worse.

8
King Charles
  • Angers Parliament
  • Angers Puritans
  • Private arrests, trials
  • Catholicize worship (High Church)
  • Last straw - Presbyterian Scots the new
    liturgy!

9
CIVIL WAR
  • Roundheads Puritans
  • Cavaliers Royal Loyalists
  • Council of State - backed by revolutionary
    officers
  • Cromwell assumes control as Lord Protector
    of the Commonwealth

The Bloody Revolution! King Charles beheaded in
1649!
10
Cromwells Rule
  • Puritan strictness
  • Military power
  • Suppression of theatre
  • other frivolous activities
  • Tyrant/dictator

11
The Restoration
  • Cromwells death dooms Puritan rule
  • Parliament asks King Charles II back from
    exile in Holland
  • People revolted vs. Puritan strictness

12
Hatred of Cromwell
13
Charles II
  • Catholic sympathizer
  • Repressive religious measures
  • Allied to Catholic France
  • Discontent grows vs. monarchy

14
James II
  • Catholic sympathizer
  • appoints Catholics to influential govt
    military posts
  • Vatican reps in court
  • religious persecution of Scottish Protestants

15
Glorious Revolution (Bloodless Revolution)
  • William of Orange (Protestant)
  • Mary (James IIs daughter)
  • Parliament asks them to rule in place of
    James II
  • New limited monarchy

16
  • London grows to 600,000!

17
Historic Events
  • Great Plague
  • in London
  • 1665
  • -------------
  • 68,000
  • die!

18
Historic Events
  • Great Fire of London - 1666
  • (Christopher Wren - rebuilder)

19
Cavalier Poets -- Lovelace, Suckling, Herrick --
  • Anglican
  • supporters of the King
  • topics of wine, women, war love
  • simple easy to understand
  • avoided religious topics
  • witty satirical

Tribe of Ben
20
Metaphysical Poets -- Donne, Herbert, later
Herrick --
  • Protestant
  • Not happy with the King
  • religious philosophical topics
  • challenging, demanding, symbolic
  • metaphysical conceits unusual metaphors

21
17th Century Poetry
  • John Milton
  • Paradise Lost (over 10,000 lines)
  • Puritan look at fall into sin
  • justify the ways of God to man
  • great English classic

22
17th Century Poetry
  • John Dryden
  • Poet laureate of Charles II
  • Neoclassic style (odes satires)
  • literary criticism
  • essayist - father of modern prose
  • translator
  • debater

23
17th Century Drama
  • Ben Jonson
  • Comedies
  • - Satiric Comedy
  • - Tragicomedy
  • - Comedy of Manners
  • Puritans close theater
  • Actresses acceptable by end of
    century

He was not of an age, but for all time.
-- To the Memory of
Shakespeare
24
17th Century Prose
  • Scientific writing
  • Hobbes Locke Philosophical writing
  • Izaak Walton The Compleat Angler
  • John Dryden Literary criticism
  • Samuel Pepys The Diary (in code)
  • John Bunyan The Pilgrims Progress
  • King James Bible

25
John Bunyan
Our Father which in heaven art, Thy name be
always hallowed Thy kingdom come, thy will be
done Thy heavenly path be followed By us on
earth as 'tis with thee, We humbly pray And let
our bread us given be, From day to day. Forgive
our debts as we forgive Those that to us indebted
are Into temptation lead us not, But save us
from the wicked snare. The kingdom's thine, the
power too, We thee adore The glory also shall be
thine For evermore.
26
Bunyans Pilgrims Progress
  • Written in prison
  • Main character is Christian
  • Allegory of Christian Life
  • Last great Christian classic

27
Samuel Pepys Diary Writer
June 15th The Duke of Yorke not yet come to town.
The town grows very sickly, and people to be
afeared of it - there dying this last wek of the
plague 112, from 43 the week before - whereof,
one in Fanchurch-street and one in Broadstreete
by the Treasurer's office.
28
Watch for . . .
  • Spelling becoming set (1st dictionaries)
  • Satire - moral writing to expose evil
  • Heroic couplet in poetry
  • Rise of comedies
  • Shakespeare considered rough, uncultured -
    not often performed
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