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Communicable Diseases

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Communicable Diseases Preventing STDs STDs- the silent epidemic Epidemic- an outbreak of an infectious disease that new cases of STDs are reported each ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Communicable Diseases


1
Communicable Diseases
  • Preventing STDs

2
STDs- the silent epidemic
  • Epidemic- an outbreak of an infectious disease
    that
  • new cases of STDs are reported
    each year in the U.S.
  • Numerous cases go unreported because of

3
STDs and adolescents
  • CDC- sexually active teens
    will contract an STD before graduating from high
    school
  • Teens are at high risk because
  • They tend to have
    as opposed to a single
    long-term relationship
  • They are engaging in
  • They select partners at
  • History of
  • Intravenous

4
STDs and your future
  • Some STDs cause
  • Infants born to infected mothers can be infected
    also and suffer consequences such as
  • Some STDs are incurable individual must live
    with
  • Individuals with STDs are at greater risk for
  • The primary means of transmission of STDs is

5
Myths about STDs
  • You can get STDs only if you have lots of sexual
    partners.
  • FACT You can get an STD from
  • STDs can easily be cleared up with antibiotics.
  • FACT Some types of STDs are

6
Myths cont.
  • If you have an STD you would have symptoms of
    the disease.
  • FACT In some cases, especially early in the
    disease,
  • Once the symptoms of an STD go away, the disease
    is cured.
  • FACT You can still have an STD,

7
Myths cont.
  • You can have only one type of STD at a time.
  • FACT It is possible to have more than
  • Once infected with an STD, you cannot get it
    again.
  • FACT No one can become immune to STDs.

8
Myths cont.
  • A vaccine can prevent the spread of STDs.
  • FACT No vaccine exists for STDs,
  • Having a Pap test is one way a female can find
    out if she has an STD.
  • FACT A Pap test detects cancer cells,

9
Myths cont.
  • STDs are not a problem with teens
  • FACT 2/3 of all STD cases occur to

10
Communicable diseases
  • Common STDs and their treatments

11
Bacterial STDs
12
Chlamydia
  • Infection caused by bacteria that

13
Chlamydia - symptoms
  • Diagnosis
  • Laboratory test
  • Possible problems
  • Steriiltiy
  • Nongoncoccal uretrhritis NGU - bacteria infect
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease PID - painful
    infection of
  • Males
  • Pain and burning during
  • Unusual discharge from the
  • Female
  • Not always
  • Unusual
  • Pain in pelvic region
  • Painful

14
Chlamydia cont.
  • Other Facts
  • CDC - 4 million new cases
  • Infants - can cause eye infection, blindness, and
  • How it is spread
  • Sexual
  • Carried on hands
  • Transmitted to baby during
  • Treatment
  • Antibiotics
  • Scar tissue or sterility -

15
Gonorrhea
  • Bacteria that affects the genital mucous
    membrane,
  • Clap, the drip, a dose

16
Gonorrhea - Symptoms
  • Females
  • asymptomatic
  • Slight
  • Burning during
  • Abnormal
  • Abdominal pain or
  • Painful
  • 3 days to 6 weeks
  • Males
  • asymptomatic
  • discharge
  • Burning sensation during
  • Lymph nodes in the groin may also become

17
Gonorrhea cont.
  • Possible problems
  • Females -
  • Males - narrowing or blocking of urethra
  • Both - sterility, arthritis,
  • Diagnosis
  • Male - examine discharge
  • Female - culture

18
Gonorrhea cont.
  • Other facts
  • Cannot live outside the body - dies
  • Symptoms may go away on their own but the disease
  • Babies eyes - all babies silver nitrate or
  • How it spreads
  • Sexual
  • Transmit to
  • Treatment
  • Antibiotic
  • Series of shots of

19
Syphilis
  • Small bacteria that attacks
  • Bacteria -
  • Syph, pox, bad blood

20
Syphilis - symptomsPrimary stage
  • Chancre - painless, reddish sore at the place
  • days after contact
  • Chancre last
  • Will go

21
Syphilis - symptomssecondary stage
  • Pathogen will
  • month after contact - highly contagious
    stage
  • on
    chest, back of arms legs (females outer edge of
    vagina)
  • Sores may develop giving off a
    filled with infectious bacteria
  • Swelling of the - arms and
    groin
  • Fever, sore throat, an general sick feeling are
  • Without treatment symptoms will disappear but the

22
Syphilis - symptomslatent stage
  • years after initial
    infection
  • Many people believe they are cured or perhaps
  • Syphilis begins to attack the heart and blood
    vessels and the
  • Damage to the areas is
  • Can relapse into the second stage and

23
Syphilis - symptomsNeurosyphilis stage
  • years
  • Loses the ability to coordinate muscular
    movements, may experience
  • This stage can be treated but

24
Syphilis cont.
  • Diagnosis
  • test
  • Possible problems
  • Left untreated can damage
    - heart, liver, kidneys, central nervous system,
    and brain
  • Heart disease, blindness,
  • How it is spread
  • Sexual
  • Treatment
  • Penicillin
  • Early treatment

25
Viral STDs
26
Genital Warts
  • Pink or reddish warts with cauliflower like tops
    that
  • Human papilloma virus ( )

27
Genital warts - symptoms
  • Diagnosis
  • Usually made on the basis of
  • Blood
  • Possible problems
  • Cervical cancer
  • Scar tissue
  • Males
  • Wart on the
  • Females
  • Most are internal -

28
Genital warts
  • How this is spread
  • Sexual
  • Treatment
  • No
  • Remove by
  • Application of prescription
  • Other facts
  • Known cause for cervical cancer
  • Can pass warts along even when there

29
Genital Herpes
  • Blister like sores in the
  • Caused by herpes simplex type
  • Herpes simplex type 1 -

30
Genital Herpes cont.
  • Symptoms
  • days
  • Blisters
  • Fever
  • Burning sensation upon
  • Diagnosis
  • Medical examination of sores verified by
  • Possible problems
  • With the help of moisture and friction, the virus
    can spread to other areas of the body - told not
    to
  • Cause

31
Genital Herpes cont.
  • How it is spread
  • Sexual
  • Direct contact with an infected person or
  • Treatment
  • No
  • Medication to
  • Other facts
  • Herpes may last as long as
    for one outbreak
  • Blisters can break out at any time and often
    occur during
  • To avoid spreading - avoid sexual contact during
    blisters and

32
Parasite STDs
33
Trichomoniasis
  • Vaginal infection that can lead to
  • Parasite
  • Trich

34
Trichomoniasis - symptoms
  • Diagnosis
  • Laboratory
  • Possible problems
  • NGU
  • Vaginitis common inflammation
  • Caused by bacteria, protozoan, or virus
    transmitted through semen and other body
    secretions
  • Males
  • Itching of the
  • Clear
  • Pain upon
  • Females
  • Burning and itching in the
  • Yellowish-green
  • Pain upon

35
Trichomoniasis - cont.
  • How it is spread
  • Sexual
  • Treatment
  • Medication
  • Other facts
  • Males rarely are infected but

36
Pubic Lice
  • Tiny insects that attach themselves to
  • Parasite
  • Crabs

37
Pubic lice cont.
  • How it is spread
  • Sexual
  • Contact with
  • Treatment
  • Prescription or OTC drugs
  • , vacuuming carpets and
    furniture
  • Symptoms
  • Intense
  • Diagnosis
  • Visual

38
Pubic lice - other facts
  • Can survive for without human contact
  • Mites (eggs) can survive for
  • Size of

39
Scabies
  • Skin
  • They attach themselves to the base of
  • Parasite

40
Scabies cont.
  • Symptoms
  • after infection
  • similar to
    those found during the primary stage of syphilis
  • Found
  • Diagnosis
  • Laboratory
  • How it is spread
  • Sexual
  • Contact with surface where

41
Scabies cont.
  • Treatment
  • Hot baths and
  • Wash bedding,
  • Other facts
  • Mite - not visible

42
Other STDs
43
Chancroid
  • Deep sore
  • Bacterial infection with many similarities to
  • Antibiotics

44
Candidiasis
  • of the vagina
  • Occurs without sexual contact but often
  • Yellowish discharge,
  • Medicated creams or

45
Hepatitis B
  • Virus attacks
  • Symptoms do not show up for
  • Vaccine is

46
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  • HIV virus that causes
  • Spread through contact with
  • No
  • Disorder is

47
Responsibility of infected individuals
48
Responsibility
  • Individual must seek
    because it will not go away on its own
  • Information will remain
    - doctor or public heath clinic
  • Important to notify all people with whom he or
    she ahs had
  • Infected person has responsibility to
  • about symptoms and risk of
    the STDs and encourage them to have a medical
    checkup
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