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Political system of Great Britain

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Political system of Great Britain Elina Hanstein, Helen Heinsoo C.R Jakobson Gymnasium, 11c Supervisors:T.Pukk,M.Maasen Viljandi The royal family The introduction ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Political system of Great Britain


1
Political system of Great Britain
  • Elina Hanstein, Helen Heinsoo
  • C.R Jakobson Gymnasium, 11c SupervisorsT.Pukk,M.
    Maasen
  • Viljandi

2
The royal family
Prince Charles
Prince William
Queen Elizabeth
Princess Diana
3
The introduction
  • Britain is administered from the Palace of
    Westminister in London (also known as the Houses
    of Parliament)
  • The head of the state is the queen (she opens and
    closes Parliament.
  • In GB there is constitutional monarchy

4
The House of Commons
  • MP-S are elected by the British public
  • The House of Commons has 651 seats
  • The chairman is called speaker

5
The House of Lords
  • Members are not elected, they inherit their seats
    from their fathers
  • Members are called life peers

6
The Parties
The Labour Party The Conservative Party The Liberal Democrats
emerged at the end of the 19th century came to power in 18th century Formed in the late 1980s
The leader is Tony Blair M.Thatcher was deposed as leader in 1990 Close relations whit Labour Party
It returned to power in 1997 It is popular among older people
7
Parliament
8
Government
9
Queen Elizabeth
Birth 4.08.year 1900 Married 1923 Died 30.03
2002
10
Elections
  • Are held every five years
  • Voting is not compulsory and is from the age of
    18
  • The party which wins the most seats forms the
    government

11
The British flag
It is called Union Jack and it symbolises the
union of England. Flag is made up of the crosses
of the patron saints of England.
12
Five last prime ministers since
  • 1974-1976 Harold Wilson Labour
  • 1976-1979 James Callaghan Labour
  • 1979-1990 Margaret Thatcher Conservative
  • 1990-1997 John Major Conservative
  • 1997- Tony Blair Labour

13
The most important ministers
  • Responsibility
  • Government spending
  • Presents the Budget annually in March
  • Lives at 11 Downing street
  • Minister
  • Chancellor of the Exchequer

14
11 Downing Street
The home of the Chancellor of the Exchequer
15
  • Foreign Secretary
  • Responsibility
  • Relations with other countries

16
  • Home Secretary
  • Responsibility
  • Internal relations
  • The police
  • Law and order
  • Law courts

17
Do you know
  • What is the Cabinet?

18
The answer
The Cabinet is a committee of ministers
19
Queen Elizabeth II
Real name Elizabeth Alexandra Mary
Windsor Birth 21 April 1926 in London Children
3 sons, 1 daughter
20
Summary
  • The term Great Britain is the expression
  • for The United Kingdom of Great Britain and
    Northern Ireland
  • The head of the state is the Queen
  • In GB the Parliament is made up of two chambers
    The House of Commons and The House of Lords
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