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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

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Title: The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland


1
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Northern Ireland
2
Great Britain includes
  • England
  • Wales


Scotland
3
The UK
  •  England (English)
  • Population 51,092,000 (2007 estimate)
  •  Scotland (Scottish)
  • Population 5,144,200 (2007 estimate)
  •  Wales (Welsh)
  • Population 3,004,600 (2008 estimate)
  • Northern Ireland (Irish)
  •  Population 1,741,600 (2006 estimate)

4
The UK
  • Population 60,943,912 (July 2008 est.)
  • Land Size 241,590 km² (76th)
  • Currency Pound Sterling ()
  • Establishment 1801
  • Capital London
  • Largest City London
  • Location The UK is located just off the
    northwestern coast of continental Europe,
    surrounded by the North Sea, the English Channel,
    the Irish Sea and the Atlantic Ocean

5
The UK
  • Climate temperate moderated by prevailing
    southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current
    more than one-half of the days are overcast
  • Ethnic Make-up white (of which English 83.6,
    Scottish 8.6, Welsh 4.9, Northern Irish 2.9)
    92.1, black 2, Indian 1.8, Pakistani 1.3,
    mixed 1.2, other 1.6 (2001 census)
  • Religions Christian (Anglican, Roman Catholic,
    Presbyterian, Methodist) 71.6, Muslim 2.7,
    Hindu 1, other 1.6, unspecified or none 23.1
    (2001 census)
  • Government constitutional monarchy

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7
The difference between
  • The United Kingdom (UK)
  • England
  • Great Britain (GB)
  • The British Isles
  • link

8
History
  • England has existed as a unified entity since the
    10th century
  • the union between England and Wales, begun in
    1284 was not formalized until 1536 with an Act of
    Union
  • in another Act of Union in 1707, England and
    Scotland agreed to permanently join as Great
    Britain
  • the legislative union of Great Britain and
    Ireland was implemented in 1801, with the
    adoption of the name the United Kingdom of Great
    Britain and Ireland
  • the Anglo-Irish treaty of 1921 formalized a
    partition of Ireland six northern Irish counties
    remained part of the United Kingdom as Northern
    Ireland and the current name of the country, the
    United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
    Ireland, was adopted in 1927

9
History
  • the dominant industrial and maritime power of the
    19th century
  • a leading role in developing parliamentary
    democracy and in advancing literature and science
  • British Empire stretched over one-fourth of the
    earth's surface
  • The first half of the 20th century saw the UK's
    strength seriously depleted in two World Wars
  • the Irish republic withdraw from the union
  • The second half witnessed the dismantling of the
    Empire and the UK rebuilding itself into a modern
    and prosperous European nation

10
The UK is
  • one of five permanent members of the UN Security
    Council
  • a founding member of NATO, and of the
    Commonwealth
  • a member of the EU
  • weighing the degree of its integration with
    continental Europe
  • outside the Economic and Monetary Union for the
    time being

11
Head of State
  • The UK's current monarch and head of state is

12
Head of State
  • The UK's current monarch and head of state is
    Queen Elizabeth II

13
The Queen
  • has access to all cabinet papers
  • is briefed weekly by the Prime Minister
  • is consulted
  • advises
  • warns
  • reigns in 15 other sovereign countries
    (Commonwealth Realms)

14
The Commonwealth of Nations
  • is a voluntary association of 54 independent
    sovereign states, most of which are former
    British colonies, or dependencies of these
    colonies (the exceptions being the United Kingdom
    itself and Mozambique).
  • Official language is English
  • Headquartered in Marlborough House, London, UK
  • Population 1,921,974,000 (2005 estimate)

15
Parliament
  • Parliament, Britain's legislature, is made up of
    the House of Commons, the House of Lords and the
    Queen in her constitutional role.
  • Conservative Party and Labour Party
  • In day-to-day politics the Prime Minister and
    cabinet exercise the real executive political
    power.
  • The current prime minister is

16
Parliament
  • Parliament, Britain's legislature, is made up of
    the House of Commons, the House of Lords and the
    Queen in her constitutional role.
  • Conservative Party and Labour Party
  • In day-to-day politics the Prime Minister and
    cabinet exercise the real executive political
    power.
  • The current prime minister is David Cameron of
    the Conservative Party.

17
Economy
  • a leading trading power and financial centre
  • essentially capitalist economy, one of the
    largest of Western Europe
  • agriculture is intensive, highly mechanized, and
    efficient by European standards
  • large coal, natural gas, and oil reserves
  • services, particularly banking, insurance, and
    business services, account for by far the largest
    proportion of GDP while industry continues to
    decline in importance.
  • the sixth major tourist destination in the world,
    whereas Turkey is ranked as the eighth most
    popular destination.

18
Demographics
  • overall population density is one of the highest
    in the world
  • Almost one-third of the population lives in
    England's prosperous and fertile southeast and is
    mostly urban and suburban--with about 7.5 million
    people living in the capital of London.
  • The United Kingdom's high literacy rate (99) is
    attributable to universal public education
    introduced for the primary level in 1870 and
    secondary level in 1900.
  • Education is mandatory from ages 5 through 16.
    About one-fifth of British students go on to
    post-secondary education.

19
Language in the UK
  • The United Kingdom does not have a
    constitutionally defined official language.
  • English
  • Welsh (Cymraeg)
  • (about 26 of the population of Wales)
  • Scottish form of Gaelic (Gàidhlig)
  • about 60,000 in Scotland

20
The Class System
  • Although in the past few decades, people from
    varied backgrounds have had greater access to
    higher education, wealth distribution is changing
    and more upward/downward mobility is occurring,
    the British class system is still very much
    intact although in a more subconscious way. The
    playing field is levelling but the British still
    seem to pigeon-hole people according to class.
  • Class is no longer simply about wealth or where
    one lives the British are able to suss out
    someones class through a number of complex
    variables including demeanour, accent, manners
    and comportment.

21
Culture
  • As a nation, the Brits tend not to use
    superlatives and may not appear terribly animated
    when they speak. This does not mean that they do
    not have strong emotions merely that they do not
    choose to put them on public display. They are
    generally not very openly demonstrative, and,
    unless you know someone well, may not appreciate
    it if you put your arm around their shoulder.
    Kissing is most often reserved for family members
    in the privacy of home, rather than in public.
    You'll see that the British prefer to maintain a
    few feet of distance between themselves and the
    person to whom they are speaking. If you have
    insulted someone, their facial expression may not
    change.

22
Culture
  • The British are very reserved and private people.
  • Privacy is extremely important. The British will
    not necessarily give you a tour of their home
    and, in fact, may keep most doors closed. They
    expect others to respect their privacy. This
    extends to not asking personal questions. The
    question, Where are you from? may be viewed as
    an attempt to place the person on the social or
    class scale. Even close friends do not ask
    pointedly personal questions, particularly
    pertaining to ones financial situation or
    relationships.

23
Culture
  • There is a proper way to act in most situations
    and the British are sticklers for adherence to
    protocol.
  • The British are a bit more contained in their
    body language and hand gestures while speaking.
  • They are generally more distant and reserved than
    North and South Americans and Southern Europeans,
    and may not initially appear to be as open or
    friendly.
  • Friendships take longer to build however, once
    established they tend to be deep and may last
    over time and distance.

24
Culture
  • The United Kingdom contains two of the world's
    most famous universities, the University of
    Cambridge and the University of Oxford, and has
    produced many great scientists and engineers
    including Isaac Newton and Charles Darwin.
    British people made many world changing
    inventions or discoveries.
  • A great number of the world's major sports
    originated in the United Kingdom, including
    football, golf, boxing, and billiards.

25
Culture
  • Playwright William Shakespeare is arguably the
    most famous writer in the world other well-known
    writers include the Bronte sisters (Charlotte,
    Emily and Anne), Jane Austen, Agatha Christie,
    and Charles Dickens. Important poets include Lord
    Byron, Robert Burns, and Thomas Hardy.
  • The UK was, with the US, one of the two main
    countries in the development of rock and roll,
    and the UK has provided some of the most famous
    bands, including The Beatles, the Rolling Stones,
    Led Zeppelin, Pink Floyd, Eurythmics, David
    Bowie, The Cure, and many others.

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