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Aging, Death,

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Aging, Death, & End of Life Issues Allport s Characteristics of a Healthy Adult Extension of sense of self Warm human interaction Emotional security and self ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Aging, Death,


1
Aging, Death, End of Life Issues
2
Allports Characteristics of a Healthy Adult
  • Extension of sense of self
  • Warm human interaction
  • Emotional security and self acceptance
  • Realistic perceptions
  • Self objectification
  • Demonstrate a unifying philosophy of life

3
Theories of Aging
  • Cellular Clock Theory (Hayflick limit)
  • Cells have an absolute limit on the number of
    times they can divide. As they stop aging
    increases.
  • Free Radical Theory
  • Chemicals produced by cell division and by the
    environment (pollution, smoking, etc.) cause cell
    damage and aging
  • Hormonal Stress Theory
  • Aging of bodies hormonal system can lower
    resilience to stress and cause aging

4
Theories of Aging
  • Cellular Garbage Theory
  • Garbage builds in cells due to aging cells
    difficulty in disposing of waste which creates
    slower functioning due to crowding.
  • Wear and Tear Theory
  • Bodies accumulated damage over time makes it
    impossible to repair

5
Successful Aging
  • Theories
  • Continuity theory
  • Must maintain continuity of past and change
  • Disengagement theory
  • Must have mutual disengagement between individual
    and society
  • Activity theory
  • Must remain as active as possible

6
Pecks Three Developmental Tasks of Late Adulthood
  • Differentiation vs. Role Pre-occupation
  • Must redefine worth in terms other than career
  • Body Transcendence vs. Body Pre-occupation
  • Must learn to cope with declining physical health
  • Ego Transcendence vs. Ego Pre-occupation
  • Must recognize death is inevitable and come to
    terms with ones life

7
Dealing with the End of Life
  • Spirituality
  • Advanced Directives
  • Will
  • Living Will
  • Durable Power of Attorney
  • Funeral arrangements

8
(No Transcript)
9
Dealing With Death
  • Experience
  • Bereavement
  • The state or condition of loss
  • Grief
  • The emotional response to loss
  • Mourning
  • Outward display of grief (culturally prescribed)

10
Models of Grieving
11
Models of Grieving
  • Grief Work
  • Individual process
  • Cannot underestimate the time needed
  • Involves
  • Acknowledging the reality of the loss
  • Working through the emotional turmoil
  • Adjusting to the environment where the deceased
    is absent
  • Loosening the ties to the deceased

12
Dual Process Model of Coping w/ Loss Stroebe
Schut
13
Why Grieving is Important
  • Loss involves more than death of a loved one.
  • The problem of compounded grief.
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