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SUICIDE PREVENTION TRAINING

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SUICIDE PREVENTION TRAINING PRESENTED BY: LCDR STEVE SOUDERS D17 CHAPLAIN Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) Handle gestures and attempts as medical emergencies. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SUICIDE PREVENTION TRAINING


1
SUICIDE PREVENTION TRAINING
  • PRESENTED BY LCDR STEVE SOUDERS
  • D17 CHAPLAIN

2
Standard Operating Procedure (SOP)
  • Handle gestures and attempts as medical
    emergencies.
  • Take personnel to emergency rooms (clinics) for
    medical evaluation.
  • Never allow an individual to go alone.

3
SUICIDE PREVENTION TRAINING
  • Training material provided by
  • The Quick Series Guide to
  • Suicide Prevention

4
UNDERSTANDING SUICIDE
  • The first thing to understand about suicide is
    that it can strike almost anybody.
  • Most adults experience some vague suicidal
    thinking for one or two brief periods during the
    course of their lives.
  • Fortunately, most do not act on those thoughts,
    but shift energies to life functions.

5
HOW MANY VICTIMS
  • About 30,000 people in the US take their own
    lives each year.
  • 1,000,000 people throughout the world kill
    themselves each year.
  • One person commits suicide every 40 seconds
    somewhere in the world. Every 18 minutes in the
    U.S.

6
WHO?
  • SUICIDE occurs in every ethnic group, gender,
    occupation, geographic area and socioeconomic
    status.
  • Suicide is not for Adults only. Teens and young
    adults can be particularly vulnerable.
  • Suicide is the 3rd leading cause of death in
    young people between ages of 15 and 24.

7
WHY DOES SUICIDE OCCUR?
  • Suicide occurs when people are in intensely
    painful emotional states.
  • They cannot think their way out of the situation.
  • They lose hope and see no resolution to their
    difficulties.
  • Suicide appears the only way out to stop the
    overwhelming pain and frustration.

8
SUICIDE
  • SUICIDE is the conscious and deliberate act of
    killing oneself.
  • It is rare to find a single cause of suicide.
  • In most cases, many factors combine together.
  • The following are some potential reasons for a
    suicide

9
POTENTIAL REASONS
  • Social Isolation and Loneliness
  • Intense loss and grief feelings caused by the
    death of a loved one or break up of a
    relationship
  • Severe family, work, financial, legal or social
    problems
  • Alcohol or other substance abuse

10
POTENTIAL REASONS
  • Severe Depression or other mental illness
  • Severe chronic stress
  • Victims of domestic abuse
  • Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • Low Self-Esteem
  • Difficulties dealing with life changes
  • Serious Illness

11
MOTIVATIONS
  • To avoid or end perceived pain
  • To be perceived as a martyr for a cause
  • To avenge a perceived wrong
  • To express grief/resentment over a change in a
    relationship
  • To escape an intolerable situation/problem

12
SUICIDE RANGE OF BEHAVIORS
  • Suicidal Thinking vague to organized thinking
    of suicide, but no actions.
  • Gestures non-lethal behaviors like cutting, or
    taking small amount of RX drugs. No intention of
    dying, but want to draw attention to their plight
    and pain

13
SUICIDE RANGE OF BEHAVIORS
  • Attempt the person takes actions that are
    dangerous or potentially lethal with the
    intention to die.
  • Completion self-inflicted death occurs.

14
MYTHS ABOUT SUICIDE
  • MYTH If people talk about suicide, they dont
    commit it.
  • (FALSE)
  • About 80 of people give warnings of their intent
    to commit suicide.
  • MYTH Suicides are impulsive.
  • (FALSE)
  • Majority of suicides are not impulsive. Most
    have been preceded by warning signs.

15
MYTHS ABOUT SUICIDE
  • MYTH Suicidal people really want to die and
    nothing will stop them.
  • (FALSE)
  • Most suicidal people are undecided whether they
    really want to die. Most just want their pain to
    stop.
  • MYTH Once the person is suicidal then that
    person is suicidal always.
  • (FALSE)

16
MYTHS ABOUT SUICIDE
  • MYTH When people seem happy after a period of
    depression they are no longer in danger.
  • (FALSE).
  • Numerous suicides have occurred when people
    appear to be getting better. This is especially
    so if they have not been receiving professional
    care.

17
MYTHS ABOUT SUICIDE
  • MYTH Suicidal people are always mentally ill.
  • (FALSE)
  • Suicidal people may be very sad, but they are not
    necessarily mentally ill.
  • MYTH If there is no note, then it cannot be
    suicide.
  • (FALSE).
  • Many suicides occur without a note.

18
CAUTIONS
  • Every suicidal threat should be taken seriously.
    Not paying attention to a persons warning could
    set the person up for an attempt which could end
    in death.
  • Avoid thinking that there is one way of dealing
    with a suicidal person. SUICIDE IS A VERY
    INDIVIDUAL AND PERSONAL ACT.

19
TO PREVENT A SUICIDE WE MUST
  • Know the warning signs
  • Talk openly with the person
  • Show care and concern
  • Never underestimate the power of understanding
    and support
  • Seek professional help. Talk with the chain of
    command, or Chaplain

20
WARNING SIGNSDEPRESSION
  • Emotional depression is one of the primary
    factors in a suicide.
  • Depression can be caused by many things
  • Chemical imbalances
  • Alcohol or other substances of abuse
  • Deficits in early childhood development
  • Immaturity

21
WARNING SIGNSDEPRESSION (cont.)
  • Mental disturbances such as severe anxiety
  • Significant losses of relatives and friends
  • Loss of body function accident/illness
  • Important changes in job or finances
  • Prolonged frustrations and stress
  • Actual or perceived threatening conditions which
    produce anxiety about ones future

22
SIGNALS OF DEPRESSION
  • Changes in SLEEP patterns
  • Changes in APPETITE
  • Diminished energy level
  • Loss of positive motivation
  • Loss of interest in pleasurable things such as
    sexual activity, hobbies and interests
  • Feeling HOPELESS, HELPLESS

23
SIGNALS OF DEPRESSION
  • Not caring anymore
  • Bad things just keep happening to me
  • Poor personal cleanliness
  • Poor job performance
  • Frequent vague complaints about ones physical
    condition
  • Excessive focus on DEATH

24
CLUES TO SUICIDE
  • OBVIOUS I am going to kill myself.
  • HIDDEN loneliness, withdrawn, excessive
    spending, giving away personal possessions,
    feeling rejected, changes in personality, buying
    a weapon.
  • MIXED Loss of clear thinking, rigid thinking
    blocks finding a solution, elevated anxiety, high
    levels of frustration.

25
BEFORE THE ATTEMPT
  • When people who attempted suicide were asked what
    they were feeling just before they attempted
  • Intense emotional pain, extreme hopelessness,
    helpless, worthless, no meaning in life, despair,
    emotionally drained, angry, resentful, hostile.

26
THOUGHT PROCESS JUST BEFORE SUICIDE
  • Mentally confused
  • Repetitive thinking couldnt get rid of
    particular thoughts
  • Rigid thinking either/or thinking. Losing
    ability to problem solve
  • Tunnel vision only one option is seen
  • Extreme thinking fears, failures

27
THE 10 PS OF SUICIDE
  • Pain
  • Pressure
  • Problems (trigger events)
  • Previous attempt
  • Prior family history
  • Poor outlook on life
  • Plan

28
THE 10 PS OF SUICIDE
  • Presence of weapons or means
  • Permanence of method (how deadly is the method)
  • Paucity Lack of resources to help them through
    difficult times

29
FORMULA FOR TROUBLE
  • Current specific suicide plan
  • Available means
  • Lethal method
  • Previous history personal attempts or suicide
    in family history
  • Lack of connection to resources
  • All this equals Potential deadly outcome

30
FINALLY
  • Attend ASIST (Applied Suicide Intervention Skills
    Training) when offered

31
REMEMBER
  • It is the UNITS responsibility to
  • log this training.
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