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Teddy Roosevelt


Teddy Roosevelt s Square Deal Chapter 17 Section 3 Terms & Names Theodore Roosevelt Square Deal The Jungle Upton Sinclair Meat Inspection Act Pure Food and Drug Act ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Teddy Roosevelt

Teddy Roosevelts Square Deal
  • Chapter 17
  • Section 3

Terms Names
  • Theodore Roosevelt
  • Square Deal
  • The Jungle
  • Upton Sinclair
  • Meat Inspection Act
  • Pure Food and Drug Act
  • conservation

A Rough Riding President
  • Suffered from asthma as a child
  • Drove himself to accomplish many physical feats
  • Marksmanship
  • Horseback riding
  • Boxing
  • Wrestling

Roosevelts Rise
  • Served three terms in the New York state assembly
  • New York City police commissioner
  • Assistant Secretary of the US Navy
  • Started a volunteer calvary and fought in the
    battle at San Juan Hill in Cuba
  • Governor of New York
  • Vice President of the United States

The Modern Presidency
  • Became president in 1902
  • Youngest president 42 years old
  • Bully Pulpit
  • Influence news media
  • Shape legislation
  • Square Deal
  • Described the progressive reforms

1902 Coal Strike
  • 140,000 coal miners in PA went on strike
  • 20 raise
  • 9 hour work day
  • Right to organize a union
  • Mine operators refused to negotiate
  • Coal supplies ran low

  • Roosevelts Options
  • Settle the strike
  • US Military will take over the mines
  • Results
  • 10 pay hike
  • 9 hour day
  • Cannot strike for 3 years
  • Whenever a strike threatens public safety, the
    federal government can step in

  • Trusts
  • Companies that control all of a particular good
    or service
  • Many trusts used unfair business practices
  • good trusts had a conscience
  • bad trusts abused the public
  • Roosevelt filed 44 lawsuits under the Sherman
    Antitrust Act
  • Was able to break up some of the trusts

Railroad Regulation
  • 1887 Interstate Commerce Act
  • Prohibited railroad owners from dividing business
    in certain areas then sharing the profits
  • 1903 Elkins Act
  • Illegal for railroad officials / shippers to give
    or receive rebates for using their railroad
  • Rates could not be changed WITHOUT letting the
    public know

  • 1906 The Hepburn Act
  • Limited the distribution of free railroad passes
  • Gave the ICC power to set maximum railroad rates

Protecting Health
  • The Jungle by Upton Sinclair
  • Identified unsanitary conditions in meat packing
  • 1906 Meat Inspection Act
  • Strict cleanliness for meatpackers
  • Created the program of federal meat inspection

Pure Food and Drug Act
  • 1906
  • Stopped the sale of contaminated foods or
  • Called for truth in labeling
  • Popular childrens medicine often contained
    opium, cocaine, or alcohol
  • This act did not ban harmful products outright,
    but allowed consumers to be educated

Conservation Natural Resources
  • Federal government paid little attention to the
    nations natural resources
  • Farmers
  • Cut down forests and plowed up prairies
  • Ranchers
  • Allowed cattle to overgraze
  • Coal companies
  • Cluttered the land with spoil dumps
  • Lumber companies
  • Didnt replace the trees they cut down

John Muir
  • Naturalist / Writer
  • Persuaded the president to set aside 148 million
    acres of forest reserves
  • Roosevelt also set aside 1.5 million acres of
    water power sites and 80 million acres of land
    to be explored for mineral and water resources

Gifford Pinchot
  • A professional conservationist
  • Head of the US Forest Service
  • Conserve forest and grazing lands
  • Keep large tracts of federal land exempt from
    private sale

  • Some wilderness areas would be preserved while
    others would be developed for the common good
  • National Reclamation Act of 1902
  • (Newlands Act)
  • funded irrigation to states in the Midwest

Roosevelt and Civil Rights
  • Wasnt a supporter of civil rights
  • Did support individual African Americans
  • Appointed an African American as head of a South
    Carolina custom house
  • Did not bow to the demands to dismiss a black
    postmistress in Mississippi
  • Invited Booker T. Washington to the White House

  • National Association for the Advancement of
    Colored People
  • Formed in 1909
  • Aimed for equality among the races
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