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The Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative ECAI, Eekeye

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Glyphs coded by who the translator was . . . Feb 5, 2009. ECAI. 15. Coded by ... partnerships: Emma Goldman Papers; Celtic Studies; Academia Sinica, Taiwan; ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative ECAI, Eekeye


1
The Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative (ECAI,
Eek-eye) Michael Buckland Co-Director, ECAI,
IAS Emeritus Professor, School of
Information UCB Libraries Arts and Humanities
Council Feb 5, 2009
2
Origins Lewis Lancaster interest in how
Buddhism changed in time and space as it moved
north out of India into the Himalaya then east to
China, Japan and Korea. The problem of maps.
ECAI formed at a meeting of scholars in 1997.
ECAIs dual existence 1. Behaves as an informal
international collaboration of scholars,
librarians, IT experts, and others. 2. Formally
a unit reporting to the Dean of International
Area Studies, some administrative support but no
money. Initial pump-priming grants from the
Lilley Foundation and others. Subsequently small
grants (usually for specific purposes) and
grant-supported research projects.
3
The Mission of ECAI is to advance scholarship
through increased attention to place and time.
An initiative! Objectives 1. Advance a vision
and understanding of ECAIs Mission. 2.
Encourage the development of communities of
interest and collaboration. 3. Identify or
provide exemplary good practice. 4. Promote the
development, availability, and adoption of needed
techniques and technology. 5. Advocate the
development and adoption of standards and
interoperability. 6. Seek resources to support
the mission. 7. Sustain an evolving strategic
plan. 8. Strengthen the community through
education and communication. 9. Provide
cost-effective organizational support.
4
  • ECAIs Program
  • Clearinghouse of georeferenced internet
    accessible resources and support for TimeMap
    software.
  • Two international conferences a year Moscow,
    Berkeley, Perth, Hanoi, next Williamsburg.
  • Exemplary e-publications.
  • Training workshops.
  • Research projects.
  • Community building and best practices.

5
  • ECAIs Current Research and Development Program
  • Religious Atlas of China and Himalaya (Luce
    Foundation).
  • Blue dot high dimensional visualization of the
    Korean Buddhist canon (NSF)
  • Context for biographical text (Institute of
    Museum Library Services) ecai.org/imls2006
  • Context and relationships Ireland and Irish
    Studies (NEH IMLS). ecai.org/neh2007
  • Austronesian languages and cultures, esp. in
    Taiwan (UCB Shung-ye Museum of Formosan
    Aborigines Endowment Fund)
  • Several cultural atlas projects Varied online
    publications with some geographical emphasis,
    e.g. ECAI Iraq Begram ivories.
  • Digital Sanskrit Buddhist canon (Ralph Moon and
    others).
  • Several other informal efforts, e.g. Medieval
    Latin place names.

6
All religions! Funding largely passed on to
scholars elsewhere to clean up and geo-register
existing data and make it interoperable.
7
Islam in China Mosques are not mainly in the
west.
8
Detailed metadata from each mosque.
9
Blue dot High Dimensional Visualization of
Korean Buddhist Canon. (NSF) Lewis Lancaster
Howie Lan. Abstraction of text of wood printing
blocks allows analyses of Korean (Chinese
language) Buddhist canon and relatiing of any
glyph to metadata and contextualizing resources,
such as data of religious atlas of China and
Himalaya.
10
(No Transcript)
11
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12
Blocks are very regular. Could do the same with
book of printed pages.
13
Any type of glyph can be color-coded and
visualized.
14
Glyphs coded by who the translator was . . .
15
Coded by monastery of origin.
16
Narrative rings can be made visible . . .
17
Three projects on search support - Support for
the learner (2004-06) ecai.org/imls2004 -
Biographical texts (2006-09) ecai.org/imls2006
- Irish Studies (2007-09) ecai.org/neh2007 Part
of a long-term metadata program. Teamwork by
several people Aitao Chen, Fredric Gey, Ray
Larson, Dan Melia, Barry Pateman, Vivien Petras,
Ryan Shaw, and others. Supported by the
Institute of Museum and Library Services and the
National Endowment for the Humanities.
18
  • Some ideas about learning. . . .
  • Understanding requires knowing the context.
    Knowledge is power (Sir Francis Bacon) implies
    understanding relationships.
  • 2. So libraries should support finding the
    context of anything! What? Where? When? Who?
    Whatever!
  • 3. Best place to read is in a library among
    reference works.
  • The reference library has been largely forgotten
    in the move of library services into an online
    environment.
  • Using reference resources online should be as
    easy as Google and the Wikipedia to use and but
    also as reliable as a library reference
    collection.

19
In a paper environment, reading inside a library
is the best place to learn. It is well designed
to explain the context!
How do we move this situation into an internet
environment?
Library resources Encyclopedias Atlases, place
name Biographical dictionaries Bibliographies Libr
ary catalog Statistical series etc., etc. . . . .
Text with a interesting details. Who was
she? Where is that? What is this? What else was
happening?
Reader
20
Present situation 1 -- Definition For the
purpose of the research agenda, digital reference
is defined . . . as the use of human
intermediaries to answer questions in a digital
environment. Empowerment of librarians is good,
but library science is really about designing
services that empower library users, an even
higher goal. Library reference service in a
digital environment, Library and Information
Science Research 30, no 2 (2008)
81-85. http//people.ischool.berkeley.edu/bucklan
d/libref.pdf
21
Present situation 2 Stage of technology
change. Adoption of new technology typically in
two stages First Stage 1 - use new technology
to do the same thing better. Second - Stage 2 -
exploit the full capability of the new technology
to do different better things. The Internet
Public Library reference department is a good
example of Stage 1, Time now for Stage 2! What
would it look like?
22
Emanuel Goldberg, b. Moscow, 1881 son of
Grigorii Goldberg Univ. of Moscow, 1900-04 Ph.D
w. Robert Luther, Leipzig Univ., 1906 Assistant,
Adolf Miethe, TU Charlottenburg, 1906-07 Prof,
Akad. f. graphische Künste, Leipzig, 1907-17
ICA, Zeiss Ikon, Dresden, 1917-1933 Kinamo cine
camera, 1921 microdots, 1925 search engine,
1927 Contax 35 mm camera 1932 kidnapped by Nazi
SA refugee in Paris, 1933-37 Laboratory,
Palestine, Israel, 1937 d. 1970.
WHO? Click a name to search for an internet
resource.
23
Emanuel Goldberg, b. Moscow, 1881 son of
Grigorii Goldberg Univ. of Moscow, 1900-04 Ph.D
w. Robert Luther, Leipzig Univ., 1906 Assistant,
Adolf Miethe, TU Charlottenburg, 1906-07 Prof,
Akad. f. graphische Künste, Leipzig, 1907-17
ICA, Zeiss Ikon, Dresden, 1917-1933 Kinamo cine
camera, 1921 microdots, 1925 search engine,
1927 Contax 35 mm camera 1932 kidnapped by Nazi
SA refugee in Paris, 1933-37 Laboratory,
Palestine, Israel, 1937 d. 1970.
WHERE?
24
Emanuel Goldberg, b. Moscow, 1881 son of
Grigorii Goldberg Univ. of Moscow, 1900-04 Ph.D
w. Robert Luther, Leipzig Univ., 1906 Assistant,
Adolf Miethe, TU Charlottenburg, 1906-07 Prof,
Akad. f. graphische Künste, Leipzig, 1907-17
ICA, Zeiss Ikon, Dresden, 1917-1933 Kinamo cine
camera, 1921 microdots, 1925 search engine,
1927 Contax 35 mm camera 1932 kidnapped by Nazi
SA refugee in Paris, 1933-37 Laboratory,
Palestine, Israel, 1937 d. 1970.
WHAT?
25
The 9 to 5 problem
The reference library is open from 900 a.m. to
500 p.m.
Students are writing papers at home on laptops
from 900 p.m. to 500 a.m.
What is wrong with this situation?
What can librarians do about it?
26
Other problems with the paper reference
collection . . .
-- Designed for community, not for an individual.
-- Designed for many queries, not the current one.
-- Not volatile.
-- Guides but no index. One doesnt really know
where to look. Little green lights on shelves
indicating which volumes mention this topic would
be nice.
-- Multimedia in theory bound volumes in
practice.
-- Distant and disconnected from work practices
Much error-prone note-talking and transcription.
27
Building the functionality of a reference
collection. 1. Context finder Search support
from text to reference works. 2. Context
builder Make, retain notes and links to
reference works. 3. Context provider Make
reference works better by adding two-way links,
e.g. text has links to place name list AND place
name list has links to texts. Demos at
http//metadata.berkeley.edu/demos/
28
Initial sketch for Context Finding / Building
interface. Save search path Save link
notes as stand-off markup. Save link notes as
embedded mark-up.
Insert / block text
Ranked lists of suggested resources for each
facet chosen
Define facet
Display of search result
29
Context Finder Ad hoc searches. Looking
outwards, not inwards!
Reference works
CONTEXT
FRAGMENT
CORPUS
30
Scanned text
Named Entities
31
Cursor over a name highlights every mention of
that name in the text.
32
Named entities are linked to specific resources
or dynamic searches over relevant databases.
33
Building the functionality of a reference
collection. 1. Context finder Search support
from text to reference works. 2. Context
builder Make, retain notes and links to
reference works. 3. Context provider Make
reference works better by adding two-way links,
e.g. text has links to place name list AND place
name list has links to texts.
34
Context Builder Query, source, result saved as
markup in text and in notes.
Reference work
CONTEXT
FRAGMENT
CORPUS
35
-- Disconnect with work practices Much
error-prone note-talking and transcription. The
case of editing of historical papers . . .
36
Building the functionality of a reference
collection. 1. Context finder Search support
from text to reference works. 2. Context
builder Making, retaining notes / links to
reference works. 3. Context provider Enriching
reference works by adding reverse links, e.g.
place name gazetteer mentions where a place is
mentioned in texts.
37
Context Provider Also reverse links from
resource back to text. Now two-way!
Reference work
CONTEXT
FRAGMENT
CORPUS
38
Paper-based reference collection Codex
determines structure and use.
Reference Genre Vocabulary Displays
Facet Encyclopedia Topics Cross-references
WHAT Atlas, place list Places Maps
WHERE Chronology Time Timelines
WHEN Biogr. Dictionary Persons Relationship
s WHO
Search interest
Reversed in a digital environment Metadata forms
infrastructure.
Facet Vocabulary Displays
Reference Genre WHAT Topics
Cross-references Encyclopedia WHERE
Places Maps Atlas, place list WHEN
Periods Timeline Chronology WHO
Persons Relationships Biogr.dictionary
Search interest
Build a union index, so you know where too look!
Little green lights! http//metadata.berkeley.edu/
demos/
39
  • Importance of inverting the relationship between
    the part and the whole
  • -- Indexes are created by inversion
  • -- Union indexes Tell you which reference work
    mentions your query, like the Science Citation
    Index. . . as in Google.
  • Use dynamic links to for real time searches the
    latest version of the best resources and, for
    vocabulary
  • Search term recommender systems.
  • Demos at http//metadata.berkeley.edu/demos/
  • buckland_at_ischool.berkeley.edu

40
Who is ECAI? Co-Directors Lewis Lancaster,
Michael Buckland Technical support Jeanette
Zerneke, Kim Carl Staff Hui Nie Locally active
Howie Lan, Ralph Moon, Ray Larson (and metadata
group), . . . . Affiliates Several hundred
scholars, librarians, cultural heritage
specialists, . . . Joint conferences with
Computer Applications in Archaeology (CAA),
Pacific Neighborhood Consortium (PNC),
etc. Opportunistic partnerships Emma Goldman
Papers Celtic Studies Academia Sinica, Taiwan
Queens University, Belfast Fudan Univ.,
Shanghai, Numerous evolving informal ad hoc
collaborations as time, energy, and funding
permit. Visit ecai.org buckland_at_ischool.berkel
ey.edu
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