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Forklift Training - General

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Forklift Training - General Overview Only trained and evaluated operators can drive forklifts Employer certifies successful completion of training and evaluation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Forklift Training - General


1
Forklift Training - General
2
Overview
  • Only trained and evaluated operators can drive
    forklifts
  • Employer certifies successful completion of
    training and evaluation

1a
3
Overview
  • Operators can only drive the types of forklifts
    on which they have been trained

1b
4
Overview
  • Operating a forklift takes
  • Skill
  • Mechanical knowledge
  • Knowledge of workplace hazards

1c
5
Overview
  • Take forklift out of service if defective

1d
6
Forklift rules
  • Dont stand or pass under raised forks
  • Only handle stable, safely arranged loads
  • Only handle loads within trucks rated capacity

2a
7
Forklift rules
  • Place forks under load as far as possible
  • Only tilt load forward while depositing it
  • High-lift rider trucks need overhead guards to
    protect operator

2b
8
Forklift rules
  • Use a safety platform to lift people
  • Forklifts must be approved for hazardous
    locations
  • Watch where you are going

2c
9
Forklift rules
  • Never drive up to anyone standing in front of a
    fixed object
  • Allow no riders
  • Keep arms, legs in truck

2d
10
Forklift rules
  • Keep the load close to the ground
  • Keep to the right
  • Obey speed limits

2e
11
Forklift rules
  • Slow down, sound horn where vision is obstructed
  • Maintain safe distances (3 truck lengths) when
    following other trucks
  • Do not pass a truck at dangerous locations

2f
12
Forklift rules
  • No stunt driving or horseplay
  • Ensure enough clearance at overhead locations
  • Stay within loaded/rated capacity

2g
13
Forklift rules
  • Use mechanical dock locks or set brakes of
    highway trucks before driving on trailer.
  • Follow any special precautions

2h
14
Forklift rules
  • Keep aisles free when parking forklift
  • Lower forks, neutralize controls, shut off
    engine, and set brakes when truck is unattended.

2i
15
Training geared for the workplace
  • Types of trucks
  • Site-specific information

3a
16
Training topics
  • Operating instructions, warnings, precautions
  • Differences between trucks and automobiles
  • Truck controls, instrumentation

4a
17
Training topics
  • Engine and motor operation
  • Steering and maneuverability
  • Visibility

4b
18
Training topics
  • Fork and attachment adaptation, operation, use
    limitations
  • Vehicle capacity, stability
  • Inspection and maintenance

4c
19
Training topics
  • Refueling/recharging
  • Operating limitations
  • Other instructions

4d
20
Workplace-related training topics
  • Surface conditions
  • Composition of loads
  • Load manipulation

5a
21
Workplace-related training topics
  • Pedestrian traffic
  • Narrow aisles, restricted areas
  • Hazardous locations

5b
22
Workplace-related training topics
  • Ramps, sloped surfaces
  • Closed environments
  • Unique, potentially hazardous environments

5c
23
Differences between trucks and automobiles
  • Driver has limited visibility
  • Rear-wheel steering
  • Different centers of gravity

6a
24
Differences between trucks and automobiles
  • Controls are different
  • Industrial trucks carry heavier loads

6b
25
Controls and instrumentation
  • Critical to safe operation
  • Unintentional, mistaken operation can cause
    serious accidents
  • Know where controls are located, what they do,
    how they work

7a
26
Engine and motor operation
  • Powered by gasoline, LP gas, propane, or battery

8a
27
Engine and motor operation
  • Knowing how a truck is powered helps to
    understand the trucks capabilities, limitations

8b
28
Steering and maneuvering
  • Rear-end steering
  • Many trucks do not have a standard steering wheel

9a
29
Steering and maneuvering
  • Operator may need to steer in reverse
  • Operator may need to steer with one hand
  • Understand the controls for the type of truck
    youre operating

9b
30
Operator visibility
  • Loads can restrict vision
  • Look in the direction youre traveling
  • Watch for overhead obstacles

10a
31
Operator visibility
  • Ensure adequate clearance
  • Check blind spots to side and rear

10b
32
Forks
  • Trucks can be equipped or modified to accept
    attachments for moving odd-shaped loads
  • Additions/modifications may affect stability,
    safe operation

11a
33
Forks
  • Attachments can cause restrictions/limitations to
    operation
  • Operate trucks with attachments as being
    partially loaded

11b
34
Vehicle capacity
  • Only handle loads within trucks rated capacity
  • Capacity is found on nameplate

12a
35
Vehicle capacity
  • Understand limitations for
  • how much weight can be handled
  • how high the load can be raised
  • how far the loads center of gravity can be from
    trucks vertical load rest

12b
36
Vehicle stability
  • Center of gravity shifts when load is raised
  • Truck is less stable with raised load
  • Moving an unstable truck can result in tipover

13a
37
Vehicle stability
  • During a tipover
  • Stay with vehicle and lean away from direction of
    fall
  • Dont jump downward while truck is tipping
  • Keep load at lowest practical point

13b
38
Inspection and maintenance
  • Follow procedures and schedules
  • Keeps forklifts operating safely
  • Inspect for damage, defects, unusual conditions

14a
39
Inspection and maintenance
  • Perform safety checks before operation
  • Fork pins and stops
  • Cowling and body parts
  • Fuel levels
  • Belts, hoses, tires

14b
40
Inspection and maintenance
  • Perform safety checks before operation
  • Brakes, steering, controls, hour meter, lights,
    horn
  • Remove unsafe trucks from service
  • Repairs must be made by authorized person

14c
41
Inspection and maintenance
  • Perform safety checks before operation
  • Remove vehicles from service that emit sparks
  • Dont operate trucks with fuel leaks

14d
42
Inspection and maintenance
  • Perform safety checks before operation
  • Remove trucks from service that operate in excess
    of normal operating temperature
  • Check water mufflers daily

14e
43
Fueling/charging of batteries
  • Exposes workers to hazardous chemicals
  • Involves electrical hazards, heat build-up,
    generation of gas
  • Be aware of all hazards involving fueling and
    battery handling

15a
44
Fueling/charging of batteries
  • Keep flames, sparks, arcs from fueling areas
  • Smoking is not allowed in fueling/charging areas
  • Keep tools and metallic objects from top of
    uncovered batteries

15b
45
Provide operators with the information they need
  • Operating instructions
  • Warnings
  • Precautions

16a
46
Truck-specific information
  • Limitations
  • Operators manual

16b
47
Workplace-specific information
  • Loads handled
  • Pedestrian traffic
  • Traffic routes
  • Unique hazards of the facility

17a
48
Retraining/re-evaluation
  • Triggered by certain events
  • Accidents
  • Near-misses
  • Assignment to different type of truck
  • Changes in work environment
  • Observation of unsafe operation

18a
49
Retraining/re-evaluation
  • Evaluate at least every 3 years
  • Avoid duplication of training

18b
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