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Safety Training Presentations


Shut off cylinder valve before turning off forklift to reduce pressure in the fuel line Liquid propane is approx. -40 degrees Wear heavy duty rubber gloves Wear ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Safety Training Presentations

Safety Training Presentations

(No Transcript)
Forklift Operator Training
  • Who needs forklift training?
  • Anyone who operates a forklift
  • Who must conduct the training?
  • A knowledgeable trainer
  • Why is training necessary?
  • Forklifts pose many hazards
  • Approx. 100 deaths and 38,000 injuries/year
  • Most Common accidents
  • Tip over
  • Struck by lift or struck by load

Forklift Safety Hazards
  • Forklifts are very heavy
  • Average automobile - 1,000 - 2,000 lbs.
  • Average forklift - 4,000 - 8,000 lbs.
  • Loads can be heavy
  • Too heavy to lift by hand
  • Forklifts or their loads can be unstable
  • Forklifts can roll over easily
  • Loads can fall off forks or cause roll over

Pre-Use Inspections
  • Inspect forklift before each use
  • Dont know condition left in by last user
  • Not inspecting the forklift prior to use could
    lead to a hazardous situation or cause serious
    damage to the forklift and/or the load

Pre-Use Checklist
  • Brakes
  • Steering
  • Horn
  • Lights
  • Oil
  • Coolant
  • Battery/LP Tank
  • Hoist
  • Forks
  • Engine/Drive Motor
  • Tires
  • Misc.
  • Cage
  • Seat belt
  • General overall condition of the forklift

Pre-Use Inspection - Lift Mechanisms
  • Inspect mast for damage
  • Broken or cracked weld point
  • Make sure roller tracks are greased and free to
  • Inspect forks
  • Cracks on ends, along blades or at heels
  • Make sure not bent
  • Check hydraulic lines and fluid levels

Pre-Use Inspection - Lift Mechanisms
  • Inspect all lift and tilt cylinders
  • Leaks
  • Mounting hardware
  • Inspect tires
  • Excessive wear
  • Proper inflation (if not solid rubber)

Propane Tank Inspection
  • Inspect cylinder for damage
  • Cracks and broken weld points
  • Inspect
  • Valves, nozzles and hoses
  • Be aware of flammability
  • Three ways to detect leaks
  • listen for gas escaping
  • smell odor
  • look for frost on the coupling

Changing Propane Tanks
  • No smoking!
  • Shut off cylinder valve before turning off
    forklift to reduce pressure in the fuel line
  • Liquid propane is approx. -40 degrees
  • Wear heavy duty rubber gloves
  • Wear safety glasses
  • Make sure pressure relief valve points straight
    up when replacing the tank

Battery Charging
  • Inspect batteries for worn parts and cables
  • Beware of acid
  • No smoking
  • Wear faceshield, goggles, apron, rubber gloves
  • Only add water after charging
  • Make sure charger is off before disconnecting the
  • Remove all jewelry
  • Use hoist or roller system when replacing

Capacity Plates
  • Must be on all forklifts
  • If missing or illegible, replace
  • Information found on capacity plates
  • Model
  • Max load weight
  • Max lift height
  • Serial
  • Manufacturer information

Starting the Forklift
  • Apply the foot brake
  • Shift gears to neutral
  • Turn the key
  • Check gauges and indicators
  • Check controls, steering and brakes for smooth

Operating the Forklift
  • Know locations and functions of all controls and
  • Be aware of what is going on around you
  • Be aware of potential problems with the forklift
  • Be sure path of travel is free from hazards
  • Traveling speed in doors should not be any faster
    than a quick walking pace

Handling and Moving Loads
  • Check the Capacity Plate to be sure the forklift
    can handle the load
  • Check the load for weight and stability
  • If load is not marked
  • Contact distributor/shipper of the load
  • Lift the load 1-2 inches to test the stability of
    the rear wheels and the forklift
  • If the forklift struggles, set the load down and
    if possible break load into smaller, more
    manageable loads

Stability Triangle
Stability Triangle
  • The closer the center of gravity (CG) is to line
    BC the more stable the forklift is
  • The closer the CG is to lines AB or AC the more
    unstable the forklift becomes
  • If the CG ever goes outside the stability
    triangle, the forklift can tip
  • Loads too heavy or offset
  • Taking corner too fast
  • Traveling surface is not level

Fulcrum Point
  • The front wheels of the forklift are the fulcrum
  • The rear of the forklift has counter weights to
    help off set the weight of the load
  • Unloaded forklift is unstable - all the weight is
    in the rear
  • When the forks are loaded the weight of the
    forklift and load are more evenly balanced
  • Loaded forklift is more stable
  • When the load out weighs the counter weight the
    forklift can tip forward when the load is raised

Tipping Forklift
  • What should you do?
  • Must be wearing seatbelt
  • Will keep you from falling out of caged area
  • Hold tightly to steering wheel with both hands
  • Keep hands and arms inside caged area
  • Plant feet flat on floor and press down
  • Keeps body stable and keeps legs in caged area
  • Lean in opposite direction

Handling and Moving Loads
  • Picking up load
  • Approach the load straight on with the forks in
    the travel position
  • Stop when the fork tips are approx. 1 foot away
    from the load
  • Level forks and drive slowly forward until load
    is against backrest
  • Lift the load high enough to clear what is under

Handling and Moving Loads
  • Picking up load (cont.)
  • Look over both shoulders to make sure you are
    clear and slowly back out one foot
  • Sound horn before backing if cant clearly see
    behind you
  • Slowly tilt mast back to stabilize the load

Handling and Moving Loads
  • Setting down the load
  • Drive to location, square up to load area and
    stop about one foot away
  • Level the forks and slowly drive forward
  • Lower the load
  • Tilt the forks slightly forward
  • Look over your shoulders and back straight out
    until the forks clear the load

Stacking and Unstacking
  • Lifting a load
  • Approach the load slowly with the forks in the
    travel position
  • Stop approx. one foot away from the load and
    raise forks to correct height
  • Level forks and drive forward until load is flush
    against backrest

Stacking and Unstacking
  • Lifting a load (Cont.)
  • Lift high enough to clear the bottom load, look
    over both shoulders to see if clear to back and
    slowly back straight out
  • After clearing top of stack, stop and lower mast
    to travel position
  • Tilt forks back
  • Proceed to destination

Stacking and Unstacking
  • Stacking a load
  • Approach placement area slowly and square
  • Stop about one foot away and lift mast high
    enough to clear the placement area
  • Move forward slowly until the load is square over
    the stack
  • Level the forks and lower the mast until the load
    is resting on the stack
  • Slowly back straight out

Stacking and Unstacking
  • Additional tips
  • Never lift a load while moving
  • Stop completely before raising the mast
  • Make sure the top load is squarely stacked on
    bottom load
  • Always approach and leave the load area slowly
  • Always look over shoulders before backing up

Driving with a Load
  • Travel with load tilted slightly back for
  • Travel with the load at the proper height
  • 4-6 Inches at fork tips
  • 2 Inches at heels
  • Drive in control
  • Drive in reverse if you cannot see over the load

Driving on Inclines - Ramp/Slope
  • Always drive with the heavier or less stable end
    of the forklift pointing up the incline
  • If the forklift is loaded (heavier/less stable in
  • Drive forward up the incline with the load
  • Drive in reverse coming down the incline with the
    load pointed up the incline
  • If the forklift is not loaded (heavier in rear)
  • Drive forward down the ramp
  • Drive in reverse going up the ramp

Stopped Forklift
  • When Parked or unattended
  • Forks flat on ground
  • Turn off engine
  • Set parking brake
  • Do not block
  • Exits
  • Emergency equipment
  • Signs or postings

  • Pedestrians have the right of way
  • Slow down at intersections
  • Look before backing
  • Use horn when coming around blind corners and at
    blind intersections
  • Check mirrors at intersections if they are
    present in workplace
  • Pedestrians must be cautious in areas where
    forklifts may be operating

  • Forklifts are more hazardous than most people
    usually perceive them to be
  • Pre-use inspections must be performed before each
  • It is important to understand how the load will
    affect the stability of the forklift
  • The operator must always be on the look out for
    hazards and pedestrians