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Science Fiction and Fantasy


Science Fiction and Fantasy A Genre Comparison Based on the Poem Science Fiction Overview The Poem Protagonists Antagonists Setting Plot Conclusion The Poem ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Science Fiction and Fantasy

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Science Fiction and Fantasy
  • A Genre Comparison Based on the Poem Science

By Craig and Patrick
  • The Poem
  • Protagonists
  • Antagonists
  • Setting
  • Plot
  • Conclusion

The Enterprise D (Star Trek)
The Poem Science Fiction
  • Discusses contrasts and comparisons between the
    fantasy genres
  • Compares example fantasy plots and fantasy
    characters with their science fiction
  • The first stanza compares typical plot hooks for
    fantasy, versus typical plot hooks for science
    fiction (Slaying the dragon versus investigating
    a sub-space rift)
  • The second stanza compares plot elements in more
    detail, and makes a comparison between
    necromancers rings and ogres to radioactive
    mutants and aliens (a reference to B-Movie
    science fiction)

Insert valuable quote here Science
Fiction, Line ?
Fantasy Protagonists
  • Usually a single warrior or small band of
    warriors, occasionally royalty (Frodo and the
    Fellowship, Lord of the Rings, King Arthur and
    the Knights of the Round, Beowulf).
  • Heroes tend to play the integral part in opposing
    the antagonist, usually being the direct and
    sometimes sole opposition rather than simply a
    key deciding factor,

Beowulf (Beowulf)
Frodo and the Fellowship (Lord of the Rings)
King Arthur (Arthurian Legend)
Science Fiction Protagonists
  • Tend to be key members within a larger group, a
    starship captain, or a government agent, rather
    than the sole person fighting the antagonist.
  • More often than not, science fiction protagonists
    are lacking in physical comparison to their
    fantasy counterparts. There are few heroes
    resembling Hercules or Beowulf. Generally, the
    protagonist is a mere average human, at least in
    appearance. Furthermore, they usually play a key
    role, rather than the sole role in opposing the

Paul Atreides (Dune)
Luke Skywalker (Star Wars)
Captain Picard (Star Trek The Next Generation)
Fantasy Antagonists
  • Antagonists in the fantasy genre tend to be
    demons, necromancers wizards, legendary monsters
    (Orcs, Grendel) and other supernatural beings
  • Commonly fantasy beings are drawn from
    mythological creatures and present a larger than
    life challenge for the protagonists

Grendel (Beowulf)
Sarumon (Lord of the Rings)
Eye of Sauron (Lord of the Rings)
Science Fiction Antagonists
  • Science fiction antagonists range from alien
    races (The Borg from Star Trek), artificial
    intelligence (2001 A Space Odyssey), mutant
    monsters (Godzilla), and in some cases, a
    dystopian version of humanity and its beliefs
  • In some cases, the antagonist represents a modern
    idea or belief (e.g. communism) and the idea that
    the belief can be challenged

A Terminator Terminator Series
The Borg Star Trek
HAL 9000 (2001 A Space Odyssey)
Godzilla Godzilla (1998)
Kahn Star Trek II
Settings in Fantasy
  • Fantasy settings generally trend more towards
    nature oriented environments and environments
    found in the Middle Ages. Forests, castles,
    towers, mountains, are all common settings.
    (Example Middle Earth)
  • Modern settings in fantasy tend to be more rare
    due to the common themes of magic, legendary
    monsters, but do exist (I.E. Legendary)
  • Fantasy realms are generally set in a consistent
    location or set of locations

Generic Fantasy Settings
Settings in Science fiction
  • Tend to be futuristic environments laden with
    technology, such as starships, colonies on other
    worlds, or an alternate version of a locale on
    Earth (Chicago 2035 from iRobot, London AD2540 in
    Brave New World)
  • A common theme amongst science fiction an
    inconsistent setting, changing worlds between
    chapters, novels or episodes. Usually, there is a
    common location, such as a starship, space
    station or a home base used as an intermediary

24th Century San Francisco (Star Trek)
The U.S.S. Voyager (Star Trek)
Fantasy Plot Hooks
  • Generally involve supernatural or paranormal
    themes, such as wizards, magical artifacts,
    fantasy races, magic, or legendary creatures.
  • A common theme of fantasy involves a hero
    stepping up to meet the challenge of some great
    evil (Beowulf answering the call to stop Grendel,
    Frodo having to destroy the one ring)
  • Fantasy plots generally use impossible elements
    such as sorcery, fictional realms or magical

The Legend of the Rings (Lord of the Rings)
Science Fiction Plot Hooks
  • Depending on the media, may focus on culture and
    diplomacy (alien races, or our own as seen in
    1984), technology, exploration, or mutants
    (Godzilla and B-Grade Science Fiction)
  • The specific hook depends on the type of science
    fiction. Invasion literature generally revolves
    around opposing or surviving an alien invasion
    (War of the Worlds), while others may revolve
    around super weapons (Star Wars), alien
    technology (Halo, Sphere, Rendezvous with Rama),
    a spatial anomaly or day to day life onboard a
    starship as it travels the stars (Star Trek).
  • Many science fiction plots are grounded in fact,
    using variations of real science (albeit, at
    times loosely) to support the story. (Jurassic
    Park, 2001)

The Imperial Death Star (Star Wars)
  • The point Kingsley Amis was trying to make was
    how science fiction evolved from fantasy.
  • During the time a work like Beowulf would have
    been written, it is important to remember the
    idea of Grendel or a dragon would have been more
    plausible than being able to call someone across
    the world or travel to the moon.
  • The majority of society no longer believes in
    dragons, ogres, or magic, whereas the concept of
    a heuristic computer intelligence becoming
    self-aware with disastrous consequences, or an
    invading alien horde is a frighteningly real
  • Science fiction is a natural extension of
    fantasy, where the idea of the impossible (to us)
    is not justified in terms of magic, which we
    would find false, but instead grounded in
    science, which we find easier to believe
  • Depending on the development of technology,
    people in the future may look back on our science
    fiction in disbelief at our simplistic views on
    warp travel and AI, just as we look in disbelief
    upon the magic and dragons of fantasy.

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