Child Abuse and Neglect, Domestic Violence, and Alcohol (and other drug) Abuse in Social Work - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Child Abuse and Neglect, Domestic Violence, and Alcohol (and other drug) Abuse in Social Work

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Child Abuse and Neglect, Domestic Violence, and Alcohol (and other drug) Abuse in Social Work – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Child Abuse and Neglect, Domestic Violence, and Alcohol (and other drug) Abuse in Social Work


1
Child Abuse and Neglect, Domestic Violence, and
Alcohol (and other drug) Abuse in Social Work
2
Violence in Families the Statistics
  • Rates of co-occurring spousal abuse and child
    abuse ranges from 6-60 percent of all child
    welfare cases (Appel and Holden, 1998).
  • In 74 cases reviewed in St. Louis County (1998),
    one-third involved DV or a high risk of DV.
  • Edleson (1999) estimates co-occurrence at 30-60
    percent, based on review of 35 studies over 25
    years.

3
Is Spousal Battering Child Abuse?
  • Recent child welfare laws have created problems
    for battered women, assigning timelines for
    permanency planning, and authorizing criminal
    charges for failing to protect from abuse.
    Whether this is blaming the victim or not is
    highly controversial. Should women be criminally
    charged for failing to protect their children
    from (witnessing) abuse?

4
NO!
  • ASFA timelines do not coincide with the amount of
    time needed by a battered mother to recover
    emotionally and physically from her abuse, find
    employment, and set up a home. Failure to protect
    laws do not recognize the limited choices of
    low-income women nor the reasons why they feel
    they must cope with the violence in order for
    their children to have a home. New limits on
    welfare assistance (TANF) also limit the options
    of low- income women, especially immigrants.

5
YES!
  • Witnessing physical assaults on moms is traumatic
    for children. Furthermore, a great deal of
    tension is produced by living with a high level
    of intraparental conflict. These children are
    living with a batterer.
  • Exposure to spousal abuse is emotional abuse.
    Although self-determination is a superordinate
    goal in social work, those charged with
    protecting children cannot allow that mothers
    choice to endanger the child.

6
To work in these contexts, social workers must
know
  • The dynamics of family violence (see power and
    control wheel).
  • How to work with the victim advocate when your
    role is to advocate for the child
  • How to develop effective safety plans
  • The laws in your state related to DV.

7
Alcohol, other drug abuse, and child welfare
  • Alcohol and drug use are often under-recognized
    as factors in CAN. National statistics reveal
    that at least 50 percent of all substantiated
    cases of CAN involve parental substance use.
  • Parental drug and alcohol abuse impacts
    significantly on children in the following ways

8
  • Children often experience considerable chaos and
    an unpredictable home life.
  • Kids will receive inconsistent emotional
    responses and care
  • Issues of abandonment

9
Alcohol Abuse and Dependence
  • Failure to fulfill obligations at home, work or
    school.
  • Recurrent use in situations that are hazardous
  • Legal problems (OUIs)
  • Continued use despite recurrent social or
    interpersonal problems
  • Increasing tolerance
  • Withdrawal
  • Larger amt. taken over a longer period
  • Persistent, unsuccessful efforts to cut down
  • Large amts. of time spent in obtaining, using,
    recovering from effects
  • Impt. social/rec activities given up
  • Continues, despite knowledge of impact of abuse

10
Examples of risk to kids Abuse
Dependence
  • Driving under influence
  • Unsafe supervision
  • Neglect of regular meals, clothing, cleanliness
  • Behavior pattern of parent will be inconsistent
    (violence followed by remorse, e.g.).
  • All of those listed, plus
  • Leaving kids unattended while seeking
  • Using money intended for food, e.g.
  • Parent may be unable to think logically, make
    rational decisions
  • Inability to prioritize needs of parent over
    child
  • Child endangerment (meth)
  • Meth use (5.3 pop in 2002) triggers violence
    because it raises dopamine and adrenaline

11
  • When a parent is addicted, role of the social
    worker in child welfare is to support treatment,
    and to help reduce barriers to that treatment, be
    it financial, child-related, or readiness
    related.
  • All of these issues are discussed in greater
    depth in professional education programs and OJT.
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