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Four Skills of Cultural Diversity Competence

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Four Skills of Cultural Diversity Competence Chapter 2, Skill One: Understanding Culture as Multilevel Skill 1: Understand culture as multilevel (contd.) Definition ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Four Skills of Cultural Diversity Competence


1
Four Skills of CulturalDiversity Competence
  • Chapter 2, Skill One
  • Understanding Culture as Multilevel

2
Skill 1 Understand culture as multilevel
(contd.)
  • Definition of Culture Human Ways of Life
  • Culture Includes
  • Ways of thinking and perceiving
  • - Such as values, beliefs and norms
  • -A groups meaning system
  • -Relates to language use
  • Ways of doing
  • -Such as behaviors, lifeways, customs and
    material objects

3
Skill 1 Understand culture as multilevel (contd.)
  • The ways of thinking, perceiving and doing of any
    specific group
  • Are learned, shared and generally transmitted to
    their childrens generation
  • Influence the thinking and actions of individual
    members

4
Skill 1 Understand culture as multilevel (contd.)
  • Culture has two broad components
  • Culture is subjective and objective
  • it is invisible (norms, values,
  • beliefs, assumptions)
  • it is visible (patterned behaviors,
  • customs)

5
Skill 1 Understand culture as multilevel (contd.)
  • Cultures second broad component
  • Culture is multilevel and dynamic
  • Culture exists at the
  • Micro level -personal and interpersonal levels
  • Meso level group, mid-level agencies/organizatio
    ns
  • Macro level-the institution , whole society level
  • Culture is dynamic because it is continuously
    shaped and reshaped by policy decisions (at the
    meso and macro levels) and by our daily decisions
    (at the micro level)

6
Skill 1 Understand culture as multilevel
(contd.) Aspects of Culture the following
categories are designed as a thinking tool for
cultural observation and understanding
  • 1. History
  • 2. Social Status Factors
  • 3. Social Group Interaction Patterns
  • Intra-group Inter-group
  • 4. Value Orientations
  • 5. Language and Communication
  • Verbal Non-verbal
  • 6. Family Life Processes
  • 7. Healing Beliefs and Practices
  • 8. Religion
  • 9. Art and Expressive Forms
  • 10. Diet/Food
  • 11.Recreation
  • 12.Clothes

7
Aspects of Culture the following categories are
designed as a thinking tool for cultural
observation and understanding
  • Worksheet 3, page 29
  • Purpose To practice identifying and thinking
    about Aspects of Culture
  • Film Analysis

8
Skill 1 Level One
  • Culture at the personal level
  • As individuals grow up, each develops a personal
    identity, a personal system of meanings which
    underlie behavior

9
Skill 1 Level One
  • Culture at the personal level
  • One's personal identity is formed through
    interacting within one's social group (for
    example, interacting within one's family,
    neighborhood, school, work).

10
Skill 1Level One
  • Culture at the personal level, contd.
  • Personal identity changes during ones lifetime
  • Ethnicity is one influence on personal identity.
  • Other influences include age, race, gender,
    ableness, physical appearance, religion, sexual
    orientation, and social economic position

11
Skill 1 Level One ASPECTS OF PERSONAL CULTURE
EXAMPLES
  • One's personal culture or meaning system is
    comprised of various aspects, with some aspects
    being more conscious than others- To name a few
  • Verbal Communication
  • -voice loudness and inflection
  • -degree of directness
  • -topics perceived as appropriate for
    conversation
  • Nonverbal Communication
  • -one's orientation to space and time
  • -facial expressions
  • -eye contact
  • -use of silence
  • Values
  • Family Life Processes Decision-Making Style,
    Work Habits and Behaviors
  • Religion Spiritual Beliefs and Practices
  • Food and Eating Habits
  • Dress and Appearance

12
Skill 1 Level OnePersonal Culture Change and
Sociocultural Awareness
  • Different stages of sociocultural awareness
    surface in the identity change process
  • Stage 1 Conformity (blindsight)
  • Stage 2 Resistance (no, it cant be)
  • Stage 3 Redefinition (self-reflection and
    practice competencies)
  • Stage 4 New Identity (yes, it can be and this is
    what I can do)
  • Stage 5 Diversity Competence (this is the way it
    is and this is how to deal with it)

13
Skill 1 Level One Culture at the personal
level (contd.)
  • Worksheet 4, pages 33-34
  • Experiencing Personal Culture
  • Purpose to provide an experience of your
    personal culture

14
Skill 1 Level One Culture at the personal
level (contd.)
  • Worksheet 5, pages 35-37
  • Identifying the Aspects of Personal
    Culture, Part 2
  • Purpose to provide an experience of your
    personal culture

15
Skill 1 Level Two
  • Ethnic Racial Group
  • The term ethnic or culture group refers to the
    cultural heritage a group shares that relates to
    the Aspects of Culture language, values, family
    life processes, religion, etc. and their
    associated beliefs and customs.
  • The beliefs and customs associated with each
    Aspect are generally learned from one generation
    to the next.

16
Skill 1 Level Two
  • Ethnic Racial Group
  • The term racial group is also relevant. As a
    result of historical social developments among
    groups in the United States, race is a 500 year
    old belief that ascribes differential status to
    groups of people within the society based on
    surface physical differences (skin color, eye
    shape)
  • Although race is defined, perceived, and believed
    to be a biological classification of human groups
    based on heredity and genetic differences, it has
    no scientific base
  • Humans are the most homogenous species
  • There is only one race of humans and it is the
    human race

17
Skill 1 Level Two Ethnic Racial Group
  • Worksheet 6, pages 39-41
  • Aspects of culture as applied to an ethnic group
  • Purpose to demonstrate an ethnic/culture groups
    aspects of culture

18
Skill 1 Level Three
  • Mainstream (National) Culture of the USA
  • The United States society is composed of a
    mainstream or national culture and many
    subcultures, such as Irish American, Mexican
    American, African American, Korean American,
    Navaho American, Thai American, Samoan American,
    Filipino American, Luiseno American
  • Mainstream culture, originally based on the core
    culture of England, is commonly referred to as
    "dominant" because it is institutionalized in all
    major organizations and institutions (see Aspects
    on pages 121-122)

19
Skill 1 Level Three
  • Mainstream (National) Culture of the USA
  • Since the United States is multicultural, all of
    us are to some extant members of ethnic groups
    although we may not personally identify with our
    membership.

20
Skill 1 Level Three
  • Mainstream (National) Culture of the USA
  • Worksheet 7, pages 43-44
  • Purpose to demonstrate an aspect of U.S.
    Mainstream culture in relation to time
    orientation (a value and a nonverbal form of
    communication)

21
Monochronic and Polychronic
Time
22
Skill 1 Level Three
  • Mainstream (National) Culture of the USA
  • Worksheet 8, pages 45-47
  • Purpose to demonstrate aspects of U.S.
    Mainstream culture.

23
Skill 1 Level Four
  • Organization Culture
  • Organization culture refers to the policies,
    procedures, programs, and processes that
    organizations employ.
  • Within each of these organizational policies,
    procedures, programs and processes we find deeply
    embedded Aspects of Culture and their beliefs,
    assumptions, and customary ways of behaving and
    doing

24
Skill 1 Level Four
  • Aspects of Organization and U.S. National Culture
  • Worksheet 9, pages 49-51
  • Purpose to demonstrate the congruence between
    aspects of organization culture and U.S.
    national culture

25
Skill 1Level Four
  • Understanding Aspects of Culture/Ethnicity in an
    Organization
  • Worksheet 10, pages 53-55
  • Purpose to demonstrate the need for cultural
    understanding in daily life (at work, etc.)
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