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Unit 2: Culture, Cultural Competency

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Improving Cross-Cultural Communication in the Criminal Justice System ... and understanding in order to value cultural diversity, and act in ways that promote ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Unit 2: Culture, Cultural Competency


1
Unit 2 Culture, Cultural Competency the
Criminal Justice System
Building Community TrustImproving
Cross-Cultural Communication in the Criminal
Justice System
Prepared by
2
When you think about the word culture,what
comes to mind?
3
What is culture?
  • Culture is a communitys shared set of norms,
    practices, beliefs, values, traditions, customs,
    history, and means of expression that affects
    (among other things) how we analyze, judge, and
    interpret information, behavior, and perceptions
    about behavior.

4
The concept of culture relates to
  • Identity
  • Time linear - circular
  • Broad race, gender, language, religion,
    nationality, ethnicity, abilities, sex, sexual
    orientation, profession
  • Deep visible (skin tone, religious symbols)
    invisible (values, beliefs) dimensions

5
Culture Shapes Attitudes
  • Punctuality
  • Child rearing
  • Dress
  • Education
  • Discipline
  • Importance of Families
  • Government
  • Authority Figures
  • Courts
  • Punishment
  • Domestic Violence

6
Culture Shapes Behavior
  • Communication style
  • Interactions with others
  • Decision-making paradigms
  • Individual vs. family

7
Culture Group
  • A group of people who consciously or
    unconsciously share identifiable values, norms,
    symbols, and some ways of living that are
    repeated and transmitted from one generation to
    another.

8
To what culture groups do you belong?
9
Draw Five Circles
10
Your Culture Groups
(etc.)
(religious affiliation)
(ethnicity)
(etc.)
(etc.)
11
Shared Cultural Connections
(etc.)
(religious affiliation) --Susan
(ethnicity) --Ted
(etc.)
(etc.) --Gary --Katrina
12
Describing the Criminal Justice System Culture
  • Words to describe
  • Visible invisible dimensions
  • Values
  • Norms
  • Symbols
  • Ways of living/interacting
  • Preferred modes of communication
  • Decision-making paradigms

13
CJS Culture
  • Visible
  • Structure,
  • Jargon/language
  • Communication style cross-examination
  • Rules
  • Adversarial
  • Process
  • Suits/clothing
  • Invisible
  • Motivations
  • Values
  • Preferences
  • Iceberg

14
Other Aspects of CJS Culture
  • Culture affects how we analyze, judge, and
    interpret information, behavior, and perceptions
    about behavior.
  • Analytical - Logic
  • Precedent - Reliance on Facts
  • Jargon Thought Process, Decision-making

15
Cultural Collisions
  • Occur when individuals or groups with different
    traditions, world views, values, and/or languages
    come together in a situation in which neither
    side is able to view the situation from the
    perspective of the other.

16
Cultural Collisions
  • Sexual roles
  • Dress/Attire
  • Punctuality
  • Authority Figures
  • Punishment
  • Body Language
  • Communication style
  • Role of the prosecutor, judge, and defender
  • Cultural blindness vs. cultural competence

17
Cultural Collisions
  • Within the CJS
  • Prosecutor vs. Defender - assumptions about
    motivations, goals
  • Other?
  • Within the community
  • Listening for facts that fit rules/precedent vs.
    hearing the story the victim/witness/client is
    telling
  • Other?

18
What is cultural competence?
  • Cultural competence means building awareness,
    knowledge, and understanding in order to value
    cultural diversity, and act in ways that promote
    fairness, justice, and community confidence.
  • Process a vehicle for moving toward a goal
    fairness.
  • Substance the highest level of functioning in
    multi-cultural environments.

19
Cross-Bennet Models
20
Rationale Why Cultural Competence?
  • Better understand issues of community trust
  • More effectively address systemic issues
  • Stats - increasing diversity
  • Agree?
  • Why else?
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