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HDTV-Technology and Trends


HDTV-Technology and Trends By C K Jain Station Engineer, DDK Delhi High Definition Television HDTV allows production and broadcast of TV signals with much higher ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: HDTV-Technology and Trends

HDTV-Technology and Trends
  • By C K Jain
  • Station Engineer, DDK Delhi

High Definition Television
  • HDTV allows production and broadcast of TV
    signals with much higher visual information than
    traditional standards like PAL and NTSC.
  • High definition television is the highest form of
    digital television and is therefore the best
    available picture on a television.
  • It has the aspect ratio same as a movie theater
    screen. This is possibly HDs biggest selling
    point. The other is the resolution.

HDTV Features
  • Up to five times the resolution of SDTV.
  • Wider Aspect Ratio of 169.
  • Film like picture quality comparable to 35mm
  • Supports 5.1 channel surround sound.
  • HDTV is a subset of Digital television.

Aspect Ratio 43 (169) 169
Vertical TV Line 576 (625) 1080 (1125/1250)
Horizontal Pixels 720 1920
Frame Rate 50i, 59.94i 24P, 23.97P, 25P, 50i, 59.94i, 60i
Marked Difference?
HDTV Advantages?
  • Clarity The digital signal is crystal clear and
  • Sharpness In addition to clarity, HDTV provides
    a more intense viewing experience just like a
    digital cinema. The highest resolution HDTV
    format has approximately 2 million pixels
    compared to ½ million in SDTV.
  • Wide Screen Picture The aspect ratio is 169
    thus making the image looks "movie-like. Besides
    conventional TV sets, HDTV can be enjoyed on
    larger size Plasma TV, LCD screen and even on
    projection TVs. TV can now be viewed with lesser
    distance thanks to high resolution.
  • Digital Sound HDTVs digital audio sounds
    better, just like digital CD. It uses Dolby
    digital sound used on DVDs.
  • Repurposing Producing today in HDTV allows you
    to future protect your investment. It will add
    years of shelf life and sales possibilities to
    your programs.

HDTV Advantages?
  • HD is enhancing the value of the content.
  • It is high quality in digital and it provides
    content creators and distributors a lot more
    flexibility to create high quality competitive
  • Before HD digital TV formats, the only option for
    high quality content was film, which is expensive
    to shoot, produce and distribute, and cumbersome
    to handle.

HDTV Formats
  • Until now, the world has been used to two basic
    picture formats, 525/59.94 and 625/50, both with
    21 interlace.
  • Our lives would have been simpler if a single
    format was adopted worldwide.
  • However, this is not to be standards are
    multiple complex.
  • The next generation of formats have been
    determined by the compatibility with the existing
    systems, technical issues and political factors.

DVB Picture Formats
720 x 576
720 x 576
960 x 576
1920 x 1080
ATSC Picture Formats
1920 x 1080
1280 x 720
3 Picture Formats 24P, 30P, 60i
3 Picture Formats 24P, 30P, 60P
704 x 480
704 x 480
640 x 480
4 Picture Formats 24P, 30P, 60i, 60P
4 Picture Formats 24P, 30P, 60i, 60P
4 Picture Formats 24P, 30P, 60i, 60P
HDTV Formats
  • 1080i1080i format is the picture with 1080
    vertical lines, each with 1920 pixels
    horizontally. It uses interlaced scanning , like
    traditional TV. Interlaced scanning is based on
    the principle that the screen shows every odd
    line at one scan of the screen and then all the
    even lines in a second scan.
  • 1080p1080p format is the picture with 1080
    vertical lines with 1920 pixels in each
    horizontal line and p stands for progressive
  • 720p720p format makes a picture with 720
    vertical lines, each with 1280 pixels
    horizontally. It also uses progressive scanning,
    like computers, which sends a complete picture 50
    frames per second. It provides the smoothest
    possible motion rendition, but does not have as
    much resolution as 1080i.

HDTV Image Quality
  • The best image in SD format is 720x576 totaling
    4,14,720 pixels. HDTV on the other hand has
    sampling structure of 1920x1080 with total pixels
    20,73, 600.
  • Thus, HDTV has five times more samples than SDTV.
    This makes it great viewing experience on normal
    wider screen.
  • On the other hand, five times greater pixels can
    be mobilized to support much larger and wider
    screen with the same or more resolution per
    square inch.

HDTV Carriage
  • HDTV can be carried on all available platforms
    i.e. Cable, Satellite, Terrestrial and IPTV.
  • But the bandwidth requirement is high.
  • HD signal can be distributed on digital cable
    with larger bandwidth.
  • HDTV can also be carried on Digital Terrestrial
    Transmitter (DTT).
  • Satellite transponders need more than 3 times

HDTV at Homes
  • HDTV is best viewed on HDTV receiver.
  • HD receivers come with separate receiver box or
    an integrated receiver box.
  • The existing TVs can also receive HDTV signals
    with receiver boxes.
  • HD ready Plasma and LCD monitors are easily
    available and prices are falling rapidly.

HD Production
  • Program production will require equipment which
    are format specific or support multiple format as
    most picture formats are not directly compatible
    or interchangeable.
  • System design needs to accommodate camera,
    storage/recording and editing equipment that are
    specific to picture and sound formats with the
    connectivity requirement.
  • A common production format from which all other
    formats could be output would be the ideal

HD Production in SD environment
  • For compatibility with the existing HDTV formats,
    production at the site is done mainly in 1080i
    HDTV format, with surround sound audio.
  • HD cameras shoot the event in 169 aspect ratio
    but protected for 43.
  • The incoming HD signal is split. One HD copy is
    down converted to 576i SD and then routed to the
    existing production and play-out facility to be
    integrated into regular transmission.
  • The other HD split goes to a simple HD master
    control room for preserving the master copy or
    for HDTV broadcast.

Capturing Creation _at_1920x1080
1920 x 1080 High Resolution Real-Time Imaging
_at_1080/24p/25p/30p Progressive
_at_1080/60i, 50i Interlace
Broadcast Live Show Sports Event News
Drama, Documentary
Movie Making
Format Conversion from 1080/24P Master
24P Original Camera Negative
1080/24P Telecine transfer
1080/24P Program mastering
1080/24P Master tape
  • Despite obvious advantages, transmission requires
    extraordinary bandwidth of more than three times
    the capacity of a conventional TV signal.
  • TV receivers are estimated to be 30 more
    expensive than today's most costly sets.
  • Compatibility of HDTV transmission with the
    current receivers.

HD Trends in Global Perspective
Global Presence
  • Japan, USA, Korea, Australia have already
    commenced HD production and transmission.
  • Europe has been a late starter, but the HD
    momentum is catching speed.
  • Asian countries like China, Taiwan, Singapore and
    Hong Kong are expected to adopt HD soon in near

HD -- Evolution
  • Academically, French "755i" 819-line is the first
    HDTV system in B/W and ceased to exist in mid
  • Japan pioneered HDTV, commenced broadcast in
    1998. 15 HD channels in operation.
  • USA and Australia also adopted HDTV very early.
  • CHINA-HDTV productivity activity started from
    2000 onwards. First HDTV channel launched by CCTV
    early 2006. Olympics 2008-full coverage planned
    in HDTV.
  • USA-HDTV sets outsold conventional TV sets in

Current Trends
  • 24p HD format has been widely accepted as a
    universally mastering format.
  • Material can be converted to virtually any HD or
    SD format for broadcasting, archiving, DVD
    mastering and numerous similar applications.
  • HD equipment are easily available.

Current Trends
  • Consumers drive the market not the technology.
  • Quality is superior but the cost is the
    consideration in Indian market.
  • This is why, HDTV is being used in niche
    programming like Science programs, sports events,
    classic dramas, Medical applications etc.
  • DVD is giving a taste of quality to viewers.
  • This may ultimately pave the way for the TV
    industry to adopt HDTV in other countries
    including India.

Technology Support to HD
  • Advancement in the compression technology has
    halved the required transmission bandwidth.
  • Real-time HD encoders for MPEG-4 AVC and Windows
    Media 9 have been developed which are bandwidth
  • This will enable the broadcaster to squeeze an
    extra HD channel in the satellite transponder,
    add HD in the existing cable services or make HD
    reality in the digital terrestrial.

Chain reaction
  • Major sports channels go HDTV.
  • Build-out of production trucks and studios.
  • More affordable HD equipment.
  • People buy HDTV sets to see sports.
  • Other specialty channels follow suit.
  • Price of flat-screens falling rapidly.
  • Introduction of HD DVDs.
  • Cable/DTH motivated to carry HDTV.
  • Network TV gets serious about HDTV, and local
    broadcasters increase HDTV content.
  • Consumers are key.

Present HD Status
  • 2m HD Ready Households already in Europe.
  • By 2010, 50m HD Ready TV sets in Europe.
  • 100 HD channels expected in Europe by 2010.
  • HD broadcasts already available in 12 countries,
    USA, Canada, Japan, Australia, South Korea,
    China, Germany, Austria, Sweden, Finland, Denmark
    and Norway.

Present HD Status
As of mid-2006, the US and Japan accounted for
91 of all worldwide HDTV households. Other
countries with significant numbers of HDTV
households include Canada, Australia, and South
Korea.The number of worldwide HDTV households
is expected to spike over the next few years as
new markets for HD services, particularly in
Europe, open up. By the end of 2009, it is
projected that the number of HDTV households will
exceed 55 million.
High Definition for Sports
  • Sports has been driving force for HD for
  • All Olympic Games and Soccer World cups will be
    produced and broadcast in HD.
  • FIFA 2006 World cup, Germany-New HD service
    launched by many broadcasters.
  • Doha Asian Games were also partly covered in HD.
  • All ICC tournaments to be covered in HD.
  • 2010 Commonwealth Games to be partly produced in

HDTV in Indian Perspective
HDTV in India
  • India has all potential HDTV carriage platforms
    i.e. DTTB, Digital Cable and Satellite including
  • The sale of home theatre systems is rapidly
  • DVDs are already popular in the country and HD
    DVDs have also started coming.
  • Indians are sports crazy and will therefore drive
    the craze for HD quality.

HDTV in India
  • Around 3lacs household HD ready in India
    Projected number to be 3mn by 2010.
  • Major Production Post-Production houses
    equipped engaged in HD activities commercially
    of late.
  • Govt. organisations Rashtrapati Bhavan Lok
    Sabha TV getting HD TV Studio chains.
  • HDTV is focus area of 11th five year Plan.

HDTV in India
  • Doordarshan is taking up its pilot project.
  • HD equipment are available on hire.
  • CAS implementation is likely to act as catalytic
    for the growth of HD in India.
  • Growing National economy supportive of HD

  • A long term policy to be in place.
  • A single format to be adopted across the country.
  • Delivery methods and the requisite policies may
    also be put in place in time.
  • A consumer format for mass distribution of HDTV
    content must initially be accomplished over the
  • To begin with, delivery platforms may be
    initially decided for carrying the HDTV content.

And the Flip Side of HD!!!
  • Sky News anchor had to get his hands waxed to
    avoid annoying view of his extra grown hairs.
  • Make-up artists have to revisit their skills to
    accommodate high resolution picture.
  • Scenic designers need to have fresh concepts for
    set-designs little things in view would matter.
  • Glamour shows on HDTV call for a fitter and
    better shaped bodies to cause pleasing experience.

Thank you
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