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Personal Protective Equipment (PPEs) - Basics


Personal Protective Equipment (PPEs) - Basics For Laboratory and Facilities Employees of Tulane University July 2008 Tulane University - Office of Environmental ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Personal Protective Equipment (PPEs) - Basics

Personal Protective Equipment (PPEs) - Basics
  • For Laboratory and Facilities Employees of Tulane
  • July 2008

  • To know how to assess the work area for PPE use
  • To understand the importance of providing
    adequate amounts and various sizes of personal
    protective equipment
  • To understand why a worker should not wear PPE
    outside the work area
  • To know how to store PPE properly

PPE/Hazard Assessment
  • Assess each task and/or work area (e.g. lab,
    shop, studio, etc.) when any of the following
  • Hazardous materials are used
  • Potentially infectious substances are used
  • Equipment that can pinch, compress, or radiate
    intensive heat or light is used

Proper Dress
  • Employees must dress appropriately for their
  • For laboratories and areas where hazardous
    materials are used, employees must wear
    closed-toe shoes and appropriate clothing (no
    shorts, sandals, flip flops).
  • PPE must be worn as needed.

Control of Workplace Hazards
  • Engineering controls
  • Administrative and work practice controls
  • PPE is to be used when work practices and/or
    engineering controls do not lessen or eliminate
    the hazards. It is important to select and use
    PPE properly to reduce and/or eliminate worker
    exposure to the hazard.

PPE/Hazard Assessment
  • Assessment for personal protective equipment
    application must be done per hazard (physical and
  • - Chemical - Impact
  • - Biological - Penetration
  • - Radiological - Compression
  • - Noise - Heat/Cold
  • - Vibration - Harmful Dust
  • - Light radiation
  • Assessments must be done every two years and/or
    when new hazards are created.

PPE/Hazard Assessment
  • Things to look for include
  • Sources of motion
  • Temperature extremes (hot/cold)
  • Chemical exposures
  • Dust
  • Light radiation (welding, brazing, cutting,
    furnaces, high intensity lights)
  • Falling objects
  • Sharp objects
  • Rolling , pinching
  • Electrical hazards

PPE/Hazard Assessment
  • Assessment must include the following areas of
    the body which may be affected
  • Head eyes, ears, face, respiratory
  • Hand wrist, fingers and palms
  • Body torso and legs
  • Foot shins and feet

PPE/Hazard Assessment
  • After assessment has been completed, the proper
    PPE must be provided for each worker that the
    hazard affects.
  • PPE must be made available in adequate amounts
    and different sizes.
  • PPE must be stored as per manufacturer
    recommendations to prevent damage, distortion or
  • Bag respirators dont hang from straps
  • Rinse reusable gloves
  • Dont leave in sunlight
  • Dont paint hard hats.

PPE/Hazard Assessment
  • OSHA requires documentation of the hazard
  • To complete the assessment process, the
    supervisor must use the PPE/Hazard Assessment
  • For a copy of the form, go to
  • Submit the completed form to OEHS by fax,
    504-988-1693 or via campus mail, TW 16.

Use of PPE
  • All who wear PPE must be trained on its uses,
    limitations and proper decontamination /storage.
  • Those who wear PPE must not wear it outside their
    work area.
  • If PPE is reusable, it must be properly cleaned
    and decontaminated after use.
  • All PPE must be stored in a clean and safe manner.

Eye Protection
  • Safety glasses (with side shields and brow guard)
    impact hazards
  • Safety goggles liquid chemicals
  • Face shield used with eye protection
  • - For impact protection, face shields alone do
    not offer eye protection. They must be used
    with approved safety glasses or goggles.
  • The proper prescription safety glasses may be
    worn for impact protection with the approval of
    the supervisor.
  • Notes
  • The American Chemical Society advises that
    contact lenses may be worn around hazardous
    materials as long as the appropriate type of eye
    protection is used. Contact lenses do not
    provide adequate eye protection.

Eye Protection
  • When working with cryogenic materials, one must
    wear the proper gloves, eye protection, and a
    face shield.
  • Proper eye protection must be used when working
    with UV light or when welding. Eye protection
    may also be required with some lasers.
  • Contact OEHS for further assistance on the
    selection of appropriate eye wear.

Protective Clothing
  • Aprons
  • Clean if contaminated with hazardous materials.
  • Replace if torn, ripped or tattered .
  • Chemical Suits
  • If disposable, they must be handled properly and
    discarded as hazardous waste after use.
  • If reusable, they must be properly cleaned,
    decontaminated and properly stored for next use.
  • Laboratory Coats
  • Must be worn only inside the work area
  • Must be removed before leaving work area for
    breaks, lunch and end of the work day.
  • Must be cleaned by a professional cleaning

Protective Clothing
  • When working with bloodborne pathogens,
    disposable clothing and/or laboratory coats may
    not be adequate protection for the employee.
  • Such clothing must be resistant to blood and body
    fluid splashes.

Hand Protection
  • Latex Gloves
  • Supervisors must supply adequate supplies and
  • Worker and supervisor should be aware of latex
    allergies and must supply the appropriate
    substitute PPE as needed.
  • Rubber Gloves
  • Must be worn when working with highly corrosive
    or toxic materials
  • Must be cleaned, decontaminated and properly
    stored after each use
  • Temperature Resistant Gloves (non-asbestos)
  • Leather

Hand Protection
  • Gloves must be inspected before each use for
    tears, holes, cracks, and deterioration.
  • If gloves are defective or badly soiled, they
    must be discarded.
  • Disposable gloves must not be reused.
  • Contact OEHS for information on latex allergies
    and glove use.

Hand Protection - Chemical
  • For information as to the type of glove that
    should be used to protect yourself from a
    particular chemical, consult the glove
    manufacturers chemical compatibility chart.
  • Contact OEHS for further assistance.

Foot Protection
  • Rubber Booties
  • Chemical Resistant Shoes/Boots
  • Steel-toe Shoes
  • Paper booties

Head Protection
  • Hard hats can protect from head impact,
    penetration injuries, and electrical injuries
    such as those caused by falling or flying
    objects, fixed objects, or contact with
    electrical conductors.
  • Cover and protect long hair from getting caught
    in moving machine parts such as belts, pulleys,
    chains, etc.

Hearing Protection
  • Earplugs/earmuffs can help prevent damage to
  • Replace earplugs regularly. Dirty earplugs can
    cause ear infections.

Types of Respiratory Protection
  • Air Purifying
  • - TB Respirators (N-95)
  • - Cartridge Respirators
  • - Dust/Mist/Particulate Respirators
  • - Positive Air-Purifying Respirators (PAPRs)
  • Air Supplied
  • - Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBAs)

Respiratory Protection
  • Respiratory protective equipment is needed when
    work practices and engineering controls cannot
    eliminate the inhalation hazard.
  • The selection and type of respirator is based on
    the air contaminant and other factors (such as
    the concentration of the contaminant, oxygen
    deficient atmosphere, etc.).

Respiratory Protection
  • In order to wear a respirator, the following must
    be done
  • The employee must receive a copy of the OSHA
    Respiratory Protection Standard and the Tulane
    University Respiratory Protection Program.
  • The employee must be clean shaven.
  • The employee must have a medical evaluation to
    determine their ability to wear a respirator.
  • The employee must be fit-tested by OEHS on an
    annual basis or when the employees facial
    features have changed dramatically.
  • Contact OEHS for more details on the Respiratory
    Protection Program.

  • PPE hazard assessment forms must be filled out
    and submitted to OEHS every two years.
  • PPE must be adequate for the job and available to
    the employee in different sizes and styles.
  • PPE must not be worn outside work areas or
    brought home for laundering.
  • PPE must be stored properly so that it will not
    be damaged.

Tulane UniversityOffice of Environmental Health
Safety (OEHS) Bruce
McClue, Hazardous Waste Supervisor (504)
988-2865 / bmcclue_at_tulane.eduIf unable to
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