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Course Expectations

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Course Expectations – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Course Expectations


1
Course Expectations
  • On-time
  • Prepared
  • Have all equipment
  • Respect for classmates
  • 100 course attendance
  • 100 participation
  • Proof of prerequisites

2
Materials
  • Course Materials
  • Pen Paper
  • Bathing Suits
  • Towels

3
Aim Goal
  • Aim To reduce drowning and water-related
    fatalities by providing Canadians with...
  • Goal
  • Awareness knowledge to recognize avoid
    dangerous situations
  • Knowledge skills to save lives
  • Basic rescue skills to save others
  • Knowledge awareness to recognize hazardous
    envt and equipment in their communities and
    provide solutions

4
Mission of Red Cross
  • To improve the lives of vulnerable people by
    mobilizing the power of humanity in Canada and
    around the world

5
Water Safety Services Structure
Water Safety Services
Learn-to-Swim Programs
Instructor Development Programs
On Board
Adults
Teens
Red Cross Swim Preschool
Red Cross Swim Kids
Assistant Water Safety Instructor
Water Safety Instructor
Instructor Trainer MIT
6
Haddon Matrix
  • A guide to assist swimmers to plan for safety and
    to prevent injuries
  • Three stages
  • PSSS Prepare! Stay Safe! Survive!
  • Factors for safety in, on and around water
  • PPE Personal, Environment and Equipment

7
Tips for Developing Water Safe Attitudes
Behaviours
  • Language Use -choose language that is simple
    effective
  • Small Chunks -present info in small manageable
    chunks
  • Ask Why
  • Wise Choices
  • Simulate Choices

8
Communication
  • Can create a positive or negative learning
    environment

9
Characteristics of Communication
  • Brainstorm a list of components for effective
    communication

10
Developing Positive Relationships
  • Include everyone
  • Show trust respect
  • Create opportunities for friendship
  • Show warmth interest
  • Treat everyone as an individual
  • Work as a team to solve problems
  • Be a positive role model mentor
  • Create a physically mentally safe environment
  • Use discretion when dealing with confidential
    information

11
Communicating with Parents
  • Take time before and after class to speak with
    parents
  • Be honest about the childs ability
  • Offer suggestions for improvement
  • Show parents the back of the worksheet
  • Share comments and progress on worksheet
  • Dont be intimidated

12
Developing Healthy Relationships with Parents
  • Make the parent part of the team
  • Know parents by name
  • Enlist the parent in solving the problem

13
Building Healthy Relationships with Swimmers
  • Recognize children develop at different rates
  • Dont be afraid to tell children some things are
    personal and cannot be shared
  • Plan your activities to meet the class needs

14
Developing Healthy Relationships with Co-Workers
  • Never discuss children in your group in front of
    others
  • Use appropriate language behaviour
  • Dont ignore your class while you speak with a
    co-worker
  • Support and offer assistance

15
Learning
  • Modes of perception
  • Eyes
  • Ears
  • Touch
  • Movement

16
Visual Learners
  • Learn best from rich visual images
  • Use demonstrations
  • Ex Show swimmers safety equipment items or
    pictures of the safety items that they need to
    take boating and demonstrate how to use the
    equipment.

17
Auditory Learners
  • Receive information best through sound
  • Ex When demonstrating the arm action for front
    crawl, explain what you are doing at the same time

18
Tactile Learners
  • Learn by touching manipulating things
  • Hands-on experience, problem solving, puzzles and
    experimentation
  • Ex In addition to identifying the steps in
    calling EMS, put each step on a card and let
    swimmers physically arrange them in the correct
    order

19
Kinaesthetic Learners
  • Learning through physical action
  • Ex When teaching a stride jump, keep the
    explanation short and give swimmers plenty of
    opportunity to practise the skill themselves

20
Domains of Learning
  • Knowledge of cognitive learning (thinking/mental)
  • Skill or psychomotor learning (doing/physical)
  • Attitude or affective learning (feeling/emotional)

21
Domains of Learning
  • Cognitive - What do you need to know?
  • Psychomotor What do you need to be able to do?
  • Affective What you do you need to feel or
    believe?

22
Information Processing
  • Step 1 Input
  • Step 2- Storage
  • Step 3 - Retrieval

23
The Basics Safety Supervision
  • Safety is the 1 concern
  • You prevent dangerous situations
  • You establish rules and routines
  • You take attendance at the start of every class

24
Site Safety Planning
  • Facilities
  • Water depth
  • Space
  • Water temperature
  • Equipment
  • Site

25
Routines
  • Class meeting place
  • Permission
  • Partners for practice
  • Distributing collecting equipment
  • Games

26
Screening
  • To determine the ability and readiness of your
    swimmers
  • Does not need to be formal
  • Focus on items that form the basis for the new
    skills

27
Formations
  • Make classes safer because it is easier for you
    to control and watch swimmers
  • Tips
  • Identify boundaries
  • Keep weak swimmers close to you
  • Keep energetic swimmers in the middle
  • Consider your class size
  • Use only safe activities
  • Ensure your formation matches the pool space

28
Emergency Procedures
  • Know the facility emergency procedures
  • Clearing the swimming area and/or building
  • Supervising swimmers
  • Performing rescue backup
  • Contacting EMS
  • Get trained in emergency response skills

29
Class Management
  • Children misbehave because of...
  • Boredom
  • Fear
  • Attention seeking
  • Challenging authority
  • Unfair treatment
  • Distraction
  • Shyness
  • Lack of interest

30
Teaching
  • Start fast
  • If they are not active, they are not learning
  • Model what you want
  • If they are in the water, so are you
  • Challenge them

31
Teaching Methods
  • Direct
  • Discovery
  • Games

32
Teaching through Progressions
  • Gradual and logical series of steps to teach a
    new skill
  • Steps in a progression are...
  • Lead up to the new skill
  • Introduce the new skill
  • Reinforce the learning of a new skill

33
Corrective Methods
  • Shaping
  • Overcorrection
  • Physical Manipulation

34
Activity Planning
  • Being prepared will make your classes successful
  • Activity Plans...
  • -Ensures you cover essential knowledge
  • -Gives you confidence
  • -Helps you organize thoughts
  • -Helps budget time
  • -Provides a logical learning sequence

35
Activity Planning
  • Keep in mind...
  • -Skill/knowledge you are teaching
  • -Performance criteria the swimmers need to meet
  • -Age and skill level of swimmers
  • -Time allotted
  • -Equipment available
  • -Drills
  • -Space available
  • -Safety considerations hazards

36
Feedback
  • To guide the current efforts of your swimmer
  • To acknowledge reward their efforts in the past
  • To motivate them for the future

37
Feedback
  • Corrective
  • Specific
  • Constructive
  • Focus on changeable behaviour
  • Sooner rather than later

38
Science of Swimming
  • Buoyancy
  • Resistance
  • Propulsion
  • Laminar Flow
  • Conservation of momentum

39
Buoyancy
  • Archimedes Principle a body in water is buoyed
    up by a force equal to the weight of water it
    displaces
  • Factors affecting buoyancy
  • Body type
  • Lung capacity
  • Body position
  • Centre of mass/centre of gravity

40
Resistance
  • 3 Types...
  • Form Drag is resistance caused by shape of an
    object and its profile as it moves through water
  • Wave Drag is the resistance caused by water
    turbulence, including turbulence you generate as
    you swim
  • Frictional Drag is the resistance caused by the
    texture of an objects surface as it moves
    through the water

41
Propulsion
  • Law of Inertia tendency of a body at rest to
    stay at rest and a body in motion to stay in
    motion
  • Law of Acceleration the speed of a body depends
    on how much force is applied to it and the
    direction that force comes from
  • Law of Action Reaction the principle for
    every action there is an equal and opposite
    reaction
  • Law of Levers states the product of the force
    and the force arm is equal to the product of the
    resistance and resistance arm

42
Successful Strokes
  • Efficient
  • Depends on each component body position, arm
    and leg action and breathing all being done
    correctly

43
Stages of a Stroke
  • Recovery
  • Catch
  • Power Phase
  • Glide

44
Stroke Feedback
  • Body Position
  • Legs Power Recovery
  • Arms Power Recovery
  • Breathing
  • Coordination Timing

45
Skills Water Safety
  • Drowning is 4th major cause of death by
    unintentional injury in Canada
  • Drowning is the leading cause of death for
    recreational sporting activities

46
Teaching Tips
  • Games Routines
  • Stress key concept be safe in, on around
    water
  • Use visual aids
  • Simulate aquatic situations

47
Fitness Red Cross Swim Preschool
  • To build fundamental motor skills
  • Increase awareness of how the body moves
  • Promote develop social skills
  • Develop muscular strength endurance

48
Fitness Red Cross Swim Kids
  • Personal Best
  • Fun
  • Lifelong aquatic skills

49
Fitness Content
  • Play songs
  • Kicking drills
  • Intro to synchronized swimming
  • Eggbeater
  • Butterfly
  • Sidestroke
  • Distance Swims

50
Benefits
  • Improves
  • Cardiovascular endurance muscle strength
    endurance flexibility balance coordination
  • Reduces chance of
  • Heart disease diabetes osteoporosis colon
    cancer stroke
  • Helps you
  • Stay alert deal with stress anxiety relieve
    depression improve sleep maintain a healthy
    body weight feel better

51
Teaching Tips
  • Emphasize distance
  • Formations
  • Use the same measurement for everyone
  • Let swimmers choose strokes they want
  • Encourage proper techniques, but do not evaluate

52
Benefits of Water Exercise
  • Less impact and stress
  • Keeps you cool
  • Increase blood circulation

53
F.I.T.T. Principle
  • Frequency
  • Intensity
  • Time
  • Type

54
Target Heart Rate
  • The ideal heart rate you should maintain during
    exercise in order to get the greatest
    cardiovascular benefit
  • Between 60 85 of your predicted maximum heart
    rate

55
Training Techniques
  • Over-Distance Training
  • Interval Sets
  • Repetition
  • Sprints
  • Straight Sets (pacing)
  • Ladders
  • Pyramids
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