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Simple Future Tense

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Simple Future Tense There are two forms to express future tense Will + simple form of the verb Ex. I will see her at five. Be + going to + simple form of the verb – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Simple Future Tense


1
Simple Future Tense
  • There are two forms to express future tense
  • Will simple form of the verb
  • Ex. I will see her at five.
  • Be going to simple form of the verb
  • Raman is going to sign up for ESL 182RW next
    week.

2
Yes/No Questions
  • Move the will to the front of the subject.
  • Ex. Vicki will teach ESL 182RW next semester.
  • Will Vicki teach ESL 182RW next semester?

3
Yes/ No QuestionsBe Going To
  • Move the be verb to the front of the subject
    for the going to form
  • Ex. Vicki is going to teach ESL 182RW next
    semester.
  • Is Vicki going to teach ESL 182 RW next semester?

4
Wh-Questions
  • Move the wh-question word to the front of the
    yes/no question form.
  • Ex. Will Vicki teach ESL 182RW next semester?
  • When will Vicki teach ESL 182RW next semester?

5
Wh-QuestionsBe Going To
  • Move the wh-question word to the front of the
    yes/no question form.
  • Ex. Is Vicki going to teach ESL 182RW next
    semester?
  • When is Vicki going to teach ESL 182 RW next
    semester?

6
Negatives
  • Add not between will and the verb.
  • Vicki will not teach ESL 182RW next semester.
  • Add not after the be form of the verb in the be
    going to form
  • Vicki is not going to teach ESL 182RW next
    semester.

7
Will
  • Indicates promise, determination, volunteer
    action, prediction or inevitability for the
    future
  • Helens money will disappear. (prediction)
  • Well need a bigger classroom.(inevitability)
  • Ill spend your money carefully! (promise)
  • Karl will get an A in this class.(determination)

8
Be Going To
  • Used for prediction and inevitability, but not
    promise volunteered action or determination.
  • Crystal is going to meet a tall, handsome man.
    (prediction)
  • Were going to need more laptops. (inevitability)

9
  • Do not use Will for an action or event planned
    for the future.
  • Use Be Going to for an action or event planned
    for the future.
  • Ex. Jacie is going to go to Vietnam in the fall.
  • NOT Jacie will go to Vietnam in the fall.

10
  • In the negative, will not (wont) can mean
    refusal.
  • I wont do my homework.
  • Be Going To can also be used to mean refusal
  • I am not going to do my homework.

11
  • Will is used for polite requests and invitations
  • Yone, will you please close Google Talk?
  • Would and Could can also be used this way
  • Yone, would/could you please close Google Talk?
  • We do not use Be Going to for polite requests.

12
  • Shall (another form of will) is mainly used with
    I or We in the question form.
  • Shall I end class early?
  • Shall we leave class at 1100?
  • Very Formal

13
Simple Present (meaning the future)
  • Simple present has a future meaning in
    subordinate (dependent) clauses that express time
    and condition with these words.
  • TIME
  • when, whenever, while as (while), until,
    before, after, as soon as, by the time
  • Ex. When Karl finishes the dishes, he and his
    wife will watch TV.
  • CONDITION
  • if, unless, in case Ex. In case you need me,
    Ill be in my office.

14
Simple Present (Future Meaning)
  • Will or be going to is used in the main
    clauses of a future tense sentence that contains
    a dependent clause if time or condition. The
    main clause determines the tense of the whole
    sentence. Will is most commonly used.
  • Ex. When the ceremony is over, Yone and Jia will
    leave for their honeymoon.

15
Simple Present (Future Meaning)
  • The simple present has a future meaning with
    certain specific verbs that indicate a scheduled
    event.
  • start, begin, end, open, close, arrive, leave,
    take off, get to, land, rise, set
  • Ex. The wedding begins at 200 next Saturday.

16
Present Continuous(Future Meaning)
  • Present continuous is used for a planned future
    event or action. It is generally interchangeable
    with the be going to form.
  • Ex. Im driving to the mall later this afternoon.
  • The present continuous is not used for the future
    with verbs such as rain, snow, get sick, or die
    because these are not planned events and also not
    used with non-action verbs.

17
Present Continuous(Future)
  • In the negative, the present continuous
    indicates
  • the negative of a plan for the future.
  • Ex. Tobeys not coming to class tomorrow.
  • Refusal
  • Ex. Im not giving you the answers to the quiz!
  • When the present continuous means in the future,
    some indication of time is given in either the
    sentence or the context. Ex. What are you doing
    tomorrow?

18
Present Continuous(Future)
  • The present continuous is oftern used in
    subordinate(dependent ) clauses that express time
    and condition with these words
  • when, while, as (while), until, by the time, if,
    unless, in case
  • Ex. Whenever Helen is doing her homework, Grace
    will watch and take notes.

19
Present Continuous(Future)
  • Will or be going to is used in the main clause
    of sentences with dependent clauses of time or
    condition.
  • Sometimes the present continuous is used in the
    main clause when time is mentioned.
  • Ex. Were talking about simple present tomorrow
    while we are working in groups.

20
Future Tense
  • More explanations
  • http//www.englishpage.com/verbpage/simplefuture.h
    tml
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