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Creating Gender Equal Access to ICT in Digital Economy

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Title: Creating Gender Equal Access to ICT in Digital Economy


1
Creating Gender Equal Access to ICT in Digital
Economy ICT Capacity Building for women, and
Gender-awareness ICT Policies
Creating Gender Equal Access to ICT in Digital
Economy
Joint UNCTAD-UN ESCAP Asia-Pacific Regional
Conference E-commerce Strategies for
Development 20-22 November 2002

Kio Chung Kim Asian Pacific Womens Information
Network Center (APWINC)
Sookmyung Womens University, Republic of Korea
2
Agenda
  • Gender Digital divide
  • Current status of womens informatization
  • Gender-awareness ICT Policy and Project in Korea
  • ICT Capacity Building
  • APWINCs Activities on Gender ICT

3
Informatization in APEC
Internet Users
4
Informatization
PC Penetration
5
Womens Informatization
Ratio of Male/Female Internet Users
Male
Female
Singapore
Canada
US
Chinese Taipei
54.9
45.1
South Korea
New Zealand
Mexico
Japan
India
Hong Kong, China
Australia
0
50
100
Source Report by Neilsen/Net-Ratings,
E-marketer, the Korea Internet Information Center
6
Indicator for Womens Informatization in Asia and
the Pacific Region
  • Pilot study on womens informatization Indicator
    (2000.12.)
  • Status of Gender Informatization inequality in
    Korea (2001.12.)
  • Pilot study on Survey and Indicator for Womens
    Informatization (2002.1.- 2002.12.)

7
Pilot study on womens informatization Indicator
(2000.12.) Output of womens informatization
indicators
  • 2) indicator of Womens Informatization by Section
  • indicator
  • Total indicator of Womens Informatization
    2.67
  • Information Equipment 3.16
  • Information Utilization (Internet) 2.72
  • Information Utilization (PC) 2.65
  • Acknowledgement of Informatization
    3.51
  • Information Productivity 0.8
  • Educational Program Acquirement
    1.95
  • Womens Informatization Policy 2.73

8
Korean Womens Informatization Indicator
KWDI Research
Gender Digital Divide Ministry of Gender
Equality
100
97.3
95.8
88
95.1

77.1
71.8
Men Awareness Access Utilization
Capability Effect Women
SourceKWDI, Korea Ministry of Gener Euqlity,
2001. Dec.
9
Survey and Indicator for Womens Informatization
in Asia
Pacific Region (2002.1.- 2002.12.)
  • Regional Expert Group Meeting
  • Pretest
  • Real survey (May, 2002)
  • Scientific Sampling,
  • men and women 1000 samples in capital city, age
    15 - 65
  • Coutries to cover
  • South Asia Sri Lanka, India
  • SE Asia Philippines, Indonesia
  • NE Asia China, Republic of Korea
  • Objective
  • to provide basic data for policy maker to bridge
    the gender digital divide
  • to feed into WSIS (World Submit on Information
    Society)

10
Two Cross-Cutting Themes
Gender ICT
  • Gender ICT play vital roles in all disciplines
  • Capacity building for Women
  • Mainstreaming Gender ICT in Knowledge based
    Society

11
Gender-awareness IT project
  • Guidelines
  • Four categories
  • Gender Mainstreaming,
  • Gender Analysis,
  • Sex-disaggregated Data,
  • Budget
  • IT project areas
  • IT Capacity Building Education, Training,
  • Information Service, Contents
  • Research
  • Infra Structure
  • Technology Development
  • E-commerce
  • Policy

12
ICT Capacity Building
Korea Cases
Womens Informatization
Government
Womens Organizations
Private Sectors
Academia
13
Gender-awareness IT project
  • e-Korea National Project
  • Ministry of Information and Communication Project
    (2001-2005), 400million Budget
    (500,000,000,000won)
  • Infra Structure, Technology Development
  • High Speed Internet connected in 8.5 million
    households in 2002
  • Educate 200,000 IT Experts by 2005
  • e-Korean National Project
  • From March, 2001,
  • Follow-up project of 2 million housewife Internet
    training.
  • For 20 years older men and women
  • Training use of ICT at 1000 private Institutes
  • 75 women,
  • 40 years 47, 50 years 20, 60years 2,900, 70
    years 814, 80 years 18

14
ICT Capacity Building
Korea Case 1 Internet Classes for One
Million Housewives 2000. 3 2001. 8
Introduction to PC
Internet Shopping
E-mail
Searching for Information
Child Education
15
Gender-awareness IT project
  • Digital Ministry of Gender Equality
  • Focus on ICT training in specialized areas for
    women
  • e-Biz courses, Web-design courses
  • OJT (onsite Job Training)
  • Women-Net
  • Portal sight for women
  • Cyber IT Edcation Center (2002 - 2004)
  • produce 1000 women IT experts(2002.1- 2002.6)
  • connect to Job
  • Online Learning Center for Women IT Trainers
  • Collaborative project in Asia and the Pacific
    region
  • UNESCO, MOGE, UNESCAP, APWINC,

16
ICT Capacity Building
Korea Case 2 e-Business Education for
Women 2001. 8 2001. 10
e-Business
Small Enterprises
Cyber Law
On-line Trade Marketing
Shopping Mall Solution
On-line Promotion
17
ICT Capacity Building
Korea Case 3 Cyber IT Educational Center for
Women 2002. 3 2002. 12
1,000 Female ICT Professionals
Sookmyung Womens University
Korea Women Development Institute
Samsung Multicampus
18
ICT Capacity Building
Korea Case 4 Kyonggi Province Womens
Development Center 1997 present
240 women
/ 598 women
19
ICT Capacity Building
Aisa-Pacific Case 1 WENT (Asia-Pacific
Womens Electronic Networking Training) WENT99,
WENT2000, WENT2001, WENT2002 Supported by UNESCAP
Diversified training courses
116 women from 18 countries
20
ICT Capacity Building
OLC (Online Learning Center)
  • http//www.apolc.org
  • UNESCO Korea Ministry of Gender Equality

21
Womens Economic Activities
Effect from Kyunggi IT Professional Education
Venture Business Incubating Center
Air Mobile
Eemclick
Computer Facilities Consulting Mentoring Business
Networking Services
Intool
Cdism
NCY World
22
Womens Economic Acitivities
Effect from e-Business Education
Vivi-mall http//vivi-mall.com
Anystory http//www.anistory.com
BNP Enterprise http//www.bnpworld.com
Cyber Rural Mountain Village
23
APWINC Activities on Gender ICT
  • Gender-awareness ICT Education Capacity Building
    (on-line, off-line)
  • Web Information Sevices on Gender ICT
  • Researches on Gender ICT
  • Workshops and Symposiums
  • Builds Regional Gender ICT Center
  • Gender ICT mainstreaming Advocacy

24
APWINC http//apwin.sookmyung.ac.kr
http//women.or.kr
To promote womens status Through ICT
  • Established at Sookmyung Womens University,
    Korea (1996.11)
  • Web Womens Infromation Services (1997.12 .)
  • UNESCO Chair executing Institution in
    communication technology for women (1998.6 )
  • Regional Center of UNDP for Women and ICT (2000.6
    )
  • MOU with Korea Network Inormation Center (KRNIC)
    for Bridging the Gender Digital Divide through
    Internet (2001.4 )
  • Sister organization of Research Institute of
    Asian Women
  • http//asiawomen.org
  • Membership in AWORC (1998.8 Present)
  • AWORC(Asian Womens Resource Exchange)
  • http//www.aworc.org
  • Global membership in WomenAction (1998.10
    Present)
  • http//www.womenaction.org

25
ICT Education
Dissemination
Bridges the gender digital divide through basic
computer skills training by group.
  • Computer Training for Girls' High School Alumni
    (1998.8 )
  • Computer Training for University Students
    (1998.8. )
  • Computer Training for housewife at SamSung
    Apartment (1999.10 )
  • Computer Training for the Silver Age (2000.6 )

26
ICT Education (cont.)
Specialization
Develops women's potentiality and produce women
professionals through intensive technical
training on ICT
  • Knowledge Information Leader Training (Directors
    of Girls High School) (1999.112000.2)
  • ICT Training of experts for Internet Solution,
    supported by the Ministry of Information and
    Communication (2000.3-2000.8)
  • e-Biz Specialty Training Program 2000
    (2000.10-2000.12)
  • Multimedia Specialty Training Program
    (2000.10-2000.12)
  • KWENT'99 (Korean Women's Electronic Network
    Training Workshop) (1999.6)
  • KWENT'2000 (Korean Women's Electronic Network
    Training Workshop) (2000.6)
  • e-Biz Specialty Training Program 2001
    (2001.7-2001.8)
  • Cyber IT Education Center (2002.1 - 2002.6)

27
ICT Education (cont.)
Globalization
Executes international training programs on ICT
for Asia-Pacific and global women
  • WENT'99(Asian Pacific Women's Electronic Network
    Training)
  • GWENT'99(Global Women's Electronic Network
    Training, 999.9)
  • 45 participants from North America, South
    America, Europe, Africa and Asia-Pacific region
  • WENT2000(Asian Pacific Women's Electronic Network
    Training)
  • WENT2001(Asian Pacific Women's Electronic Network
    Training)
  • UNESCO Online Learning Center for Women and the
    Use of ICT
  • Women ICT Trainers Exchange (2001.11)
  • WENT2002(Asian Pacific Women's Electronic Network
    Training)
  • 50 participants from 13 countries (outreach to
    Central Asia)

28
Online Information on Gender ICT
Web Information Service on Gender and ICT
  • Asia-Pacific Regional Informatization Status
  • Internet Statistics
  • ICT Education
  • International e-Biz Forum
  • Web hosting and ICT Consulting Services
  • Kyunggi Girl's High School Alumni
    http//www.kyunggi.or.kr
  • Korea Women's NGO Network http//www.wngonet.or.kr
  • Consumer Economic Research Center
    http//www.cerc.co.kr
  • Vision21 Tech Inc. http//vision21.women.or.kr
  • e-Biz Specialty Training program
    http//ebiz.women.or.kr
  • Digital Media Forum

29
Symposium Workshop
National
  • The Present and Future of Women's Network in
    Korea (1997.12)
  • Network Promotion of Korean Women'sOrganizations(1
    999.6)
  • Web Information Service System for Supporting
    Women's Informatization Workshop(2000.3)
  • Network Promotion of Korean Women's
    Organizations(2000.6)
  • The First Edutainment Symposium for
    Transformation of Educational direction in
    Korea(2000.8)
  • E-Biz Networking (2001.8)
  • Consumers Information on e-Life (2002. 6 )

30
Symposium Workshop (cont.)
International
  • UNGASS Women and ICT Workshop(2000.6)
  • Asia Pacific ICT Workshop (2000.6)
  • New Directions for Women's Knowledge Network on
    the Internet
  • Beyond 2000 Women's Growth in Connection and
    Interconnection
  • Chennai Follow up MeetingICT Workshop for
    APGEST(2000.11)
  • WENT Trainers Meeting(2001.3.26-3.28)
  • UNESCO Chair Symposium (2001.3.29)
  • "Gender Equality/Equity through Information and
    Communication Technology(ICT)
  • Regional Meeting on Gender Equality and
    ICT/Internet(2001.3.30)
  • Fourth AWORC 2001 Meeting(2001.3.31-2001.4.1)
  • ITU workshop on Assess on Gender and ICT
    (2001.10.24)
  • UNESCO Chair Sumposium (2002.5.30 31)
  • Womens Rights, Cyber Rights

31
International e-Biz ForumDistinguished Lecture
Series (2000-2001)
  • Internet Ventures Emerging Technologies and
    Business Opportunities (December 2000)
  • Competitive Strategies for e-Business, Internet
    World Market (October 2000)
  • e-Business Strategies Vision for Microsoft
    (September 2000)
  • Competitive Strategies for e-Business (June
    2000)
  • Role of the World Bank in a Knowledge-Based
    Economy (May 2000)
  • Technology Road Map NT, BT, ET, CT (November
    2001)
  • Mobile Commerce Hype and Reality" (September
    2001)
  • "New Trends in Data Mining Techniques and
    Applications" (June 2001)
  • "E-branding E-commerce in Korea" (May 2001)
  • "New Opportunities in Internet Industry" (April
    2001)

32
Digital Media Forum Distinguished Lecture
Series (2002 - )
  • Internet MBC" (March 2002)
  • Convergence Art and Technology (May 2002)
  • Creativity in Digital Economy" (October 2002)

33
Publication
Periodicals
  • APWIN I
  • Communication Technology for Women(1999.3)
  • APWIN II
  • WOMEN2000 Global Strategies for Electronic
    Networking and Information(2000.3)
  • APWIN III
  • Gender Equality through ICT (2001.3)
  • APWIN IV
  • Strategies of Bridging the Gender Digital
    Divide(2002.5)

34
Publication
Books
  • Knowledge-Based Strategies for Women's
    Informatization ( 2000.3)
  • Dissemination, Specialization, Globalization
  • New Directions for Women in the Digital Society
    (2000.6)
  • Women's Knowledge Network
  • Women _at_ Cyberspace II (2002.2)
  • Issue papers on Gender and ICT(CD) (2002.3)
  • Interactive Computer Class(CD) (2002.3)
  • Capacity Building for Women, such as Economic
    relate IT (2002.9)
  • APEC-GEIT (CD)(2002.9)

35
Publication
Research Reports
  • Study on the Basis of Strategies for
    Informatization of Women's Organization
  • sponsored by Ministry of Gender Equality,
    1999.11-1999.12.
  • Study on Status of Women's Informatization and
    Educational Models for Bridging the Gender
    Digital Divide in Asia Pacific region
  • sponsored by Korea Information Network Center
    (KRNIC), 2000.10-2000.12.
  • Gender Awareness Issues in IT and Strategies
    for International Cooperation
  • sponsored by MIC, APII Cooperation Center (2001.7
    - 2001.12)

36
Asia-Pacific Regional Gender and ICT Center
  • On-Site (off-line) Learning Center
  • WENT (1999, 2000, 2001,2002 )
  • Partner AWORC, UNESCAP, APCWNSP
  • WE-Biz
  • On-Line Learning Center ( http//www.apolc.org)
  • Online Learning Center for Gender and ICT
    Trainers
  • Partner APCWNSP, UNESCO, MOGE
  • Online Information on Gender and ICT

37
Asia-Pacific Regional Gender and ICT Center
  • Research on Gender and ICT
  • Gender Awareness Issues in IT and Strategies
    for International Cooperation
  • sponsored by MIC, APII Cooperation Center (2001.7
    - 2001.12)
  • Indicator for Womens Informatization in Asia
    and the Pacific Region
  • cowork with Korean Commission for UNESCO (2002.1
    - 2002.12)
  • pilot project
  • Nepal, Sri Lanka (SE Asia), Philippines,
    Indonesia (South Asia), Korea, China (NE Asia)
  • ICT Capacity Building for Womens Economic
    Empowerment
  • Sponsored by MOGE (2002.4 2002.8)

38
(No Transcript)
39
Conclusion
Gender-sensitive ICT Policies Projects
ICT Capacity Building for Access Use of ICT
Regional National Gender ICT Foundation
Open Access to the Resources
Facilities Programs
Evaluation System
Promotion of e-Business Networks
Commitment of Nation
40
World Summit on Information Society (WSIS)
  • UN world conference like Rio Earth Summit,
    Beijing World Conference on Women, etc
  • It aims to develop a common vision and
    understanding of the information society and
    adopt a plan of action to facilitate effective
    growth of the information society and bridge the
    digital divide
  • International Telecommunications Union - lead
    Agency (www.wsis.itu.int)

41
World Summit on Information Society (WSIS)
  • Preparatory process
  • Global Prepcom meetings (July 2002, March 2003
    and September 2003)
  • Regional Prepcom meetings Asia - January 13-15,
    2003 in Japan (Gender round table meeting)
  • UN Division for the Advancement of Women Expert
    Group on ICTs and Womens Empowerment November
    11-14, 2002 in Seoul
  • UNESCAP Expert Group Meeting on Gender and ICT
    Policies (December 2001) in Bangkok

42
GEIT
Gender Equity in Digital Economy through
Information Communication Technology
43
Contact Information
  • APWINC Website
  • http//www.women.or.kr
  • http//apwin.sookmyung.ac.kr
  • Address
  • Chung-Pa Dong, 2Ka, 53-12 Yong-San Ku,
  • Sookmyung Womens University

    Seoul, 140-742, Korea
  • Tel 82-2-710-9428
  • Fax 82-2-710-9896
  • E-mail
  • kiochkim_at_sookmyunmg.ac.kr
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