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THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION

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THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION. WHAT IS IT? ... The Articles of Confederation were abandoned and the United States Constitution was written. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION


1
THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
2
WHAT IS IT?
  • The Articles of Confedertion and Perpetual
    Union is the name of the first constitution of
    the U.S. The agreement was the law of the land
    from 1781 until 1789.

3
WHEN DID THIS HAPPEN?
  • It was drafted by the same Continental Congress
    that passed the Declaration of Independence.
  • This document gave the original 13 colonies a set
    of rules.
  • A WAY TO GOVERN THEMSELVES!

4
  • It was created during the Revolutionary War and
    reflects the founding fathers desire to avoid an
    overbearing central authority (like the king of
    England!)

5
  • The Articles of Confederation established a
    firm league of friendship among the 13 states,
    when finally adopted on March 1, 1781.

6
WHAT WAS IT GOOD FOR?
  • The Congress of the Confederation could declare
    war and peace, manage foreign affairs and the
    postal service, establish an army and navy,
    borrow money, determine the value of coin and
    issue bills.

7
  • This all sounds quite nice and powerful on paper.
  • There was just one problem.
  • IT DID NOT WORK!

8
MAJOR PROBLEMS OF THE DOCUMENT WERE
  • The states were powerful, while Congress was
    weak.
  • There was no chief executive (president) or
    national judicial system (supreme court).

9
MORE PROBLEMS?
  • Congress could not regulate commerce or taxes.
  • FACT George Washington had to go to Congress to
    beg for money to buy bullets, food, and clothes
    for our soldiers.

10
  • George Washington, Alexander Hamilton and other
    leaders were not satisfied with the Articles of
    Confederation. But any changes required the
    approval of all 13 states.

11
PROBLEMS, PROBLEMS, PROBLEMS
  • In 1876 at Annapolis, Maryland a convention meet
    to discuss commercial problems in the colonies,
    but only 5 of the 13 sent representatives.
  • How disappointing!
  • Something had to be done to help our struggling
    nation.

12
  • On Jan. 25, 1787 Danial Shay, a Mass. farmer and
    Revolutionary War veteran, lead a group of
    farmers on an attack of the federal arsenal in
    Springfield, Mass. This unsuccessful attempt
    resulted in 4 men dying, but attention had been
    drawn to the economic plight of the people.

13
  • The 13 states had to find a way to speak with one
    voice!

14
HAD THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION DONE ANY GOOD
FOR OUR COUNTRY?
  • YES! It had provided our young nation with
    experience in self-government under a written
    document. Its weaknesses only served to make
    our nation stronger.

15
A HAPPY ENDING FOR ALL!
  • Representatives from the thirteen colonies meet
    in Philadelphia in 1787 to address the nations
    problems. The Articles of Confederation were
    abandoned and the United States Constitution was
    written.
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